留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

底泥硝化菌群用于生物毒性测试的初步研究

董春宏 胡洪营 黄 霞 钱 易

董春宏, 胡洪营, 黄 霞, 钱 易. 底泥硝化菌群用于生物毒性测试的初步研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2002, 15(6): 45-48.
引用本文: 董春宏, 胡洪营, 黄 霞, 钱 易. 底泥硝化菌群用于生物毒性测试的初步研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2002, 15(6): 45-48.
DONG Chun-hong, HU Hong-ying, HUANG Xia, QIAN Yi. Preliminary Study on Biotoxicity Test Using Nitrifying Bacteria in Sediment[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2002, 15(6): 45-48.
Citation: DONG Chun-hong, HU Hong-ying, HUANG Xia, QIAN Yi. Preliminary Study on Biotoxicity Test Using Nitrifying Bacteria in Sediment[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2002, 15(6): 45-48.

底泥硝化菌群用于生物毒性测试的初步研究

基金项目: 国家重点基础研究项目(G1999045711)

Preliminary Study on Biotoxicity Test Using Nitrifying Bacteria in Sediment

  • 摘要: 研究了铜离子对底泥和活性污泥硝化活性的抑制作用的差异.结果表明,与活性污泥相比,底泥中的硝化菌对铜离子的敏感性较高,底泥的铜离子半数抑制率IC50为12.43 μmol/L,活性污泥的IC50为46.90 μmol/L.这初步表明用污染物对底泥硝化活性的抑制程度评价污染物的生物毒性是可行的.

     

  • [1] Stensel H D,McDowell C S,Ritter E D.An automated biological nitrification toxicity test[J].J WPCF,1976,48:2343-2350.
    [2] Nowak O,Svardal K.Observations on the kinetics of nitrification unde inhibiting conditions caused by industrial wastewater compounds[J].Water Sci Technol,1993,28:115-123.
    [3] Lee Y W,Ong S K,Sato C.Effects of heavy metals on nitrifying bacteria[J].Water Sci Technol,1997,36:69-74.
    [4] Dalzell D J B,Alte S,Aspichueta E,sota A, et al.A comparison of five rapid direct toxicity assessment methods to determine toxicity of pollutants to activated sludge[J].Chemosphere,2002,47:535-545.
    [5] Chan Chun-Man,Lo Waihung,Wong Kwok-Yin,et al.Monitoring the toxicity of phenolic chemicals to activated sludge using a novel optical scanning respirometer[J].Chemosphere,1999,39:1421-1432.
    [6] Camilla Grunditz,Gunnel Dalhammar.Development of nitrification inhibition assay using pure cultures of nitrosomonas and nitrobacter.[J].Water Res,2001,35:433-440.
    [7] Dave Gran,Nilsson Eva.Sediment toxicity and contaminants in the Kattegat and Skagerrak[J].Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management,1999,2:347-360.
    [8] Nipper M G,Roper D S,Williams E K.Sediment toxicity and benthic communities in mildly contaminated mudflats[J].Oceanographic Literature Review,1998,1663-1664.
    [9] Lau S S S,Chu L M.The significance of sediment contamination in a coastal wetland,Hong Kong,China[J].Water Res,2000,34:379-386.
    [10] Cote R J,Gherna R L,American Society for Microbiology[C].Nutrition,media Gerhardt P,et al.Methods for general and molecular bacteriology[A].Washington D.C.:[n.l.],1994.
    [11] 刘清,王子健,汤鸿霄.铜的形态分布与daphnia magna急性毒性关系[J].环境科学,1998,17:14-18.
    [12] Howarth R R,Sprague J B.Copper lethality to rainbow trout in waters of various hardness and pH[J].Water res,1978,12:455-462.
    [13] Wagemann R,Barica J.Speciation and rate of loss of copper from lakewater with implications to toxicity[J].Water Res,1979,13:515-523.
    [14] 张铣,刘毓谷.毒理学[M].北京:北京医科大学中国协和医科大学联合出版社,1997.228-230.
    [15] Braam F,Abraham K W.Effects of copper on nitrification in activated sludge[J].Water Res,1981,15:1093-1098.
    [16] Caicedo J R,van ber Steen N P,Arce O,Gijzen H J.Effect of total ammonia nitrogen concentration and pH on growth rates of duckweed(Spirodela polyrrhiza)[J].Water Res,2000,34:3829-3835.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1430
  • HTML全文浏览量:  9
  • PDF下载量:  72
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2002-07-16
  • 刊出日期:  2002-12-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回