留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

大宝山矿区污染水体中重金属的形态分布及迁移转化

周建民 党 志 蔡美芳 司徒粤 刘丛强

周建民, 党 志, 蔡美芳, 司徒粤, 刘丛强. 大宝山矿区污染水体中重金属的形态分布及迁移转化[J]. 环境科学研究, 2005, 18(3): 5-10.
引用本文: 周建民, 党 志, 蔡美芳, 司徒粤, 刘丛强. 大宝山矿区污染水体中重金属的形态分布及迁移转化[J]. 环境科学研究, 2005, 18(3): 5-10.
ZHOU Jian-min, DANG Zhi, CAI Mei-fang, SITU Yue, LIU Cong-qiang. Speciation Distribution and Transfer of Heavy Metals in Contaminated Stream Waters around Dabaoshan Mine[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2005, 18(3): 5-10.
Citation: ZHOU Jian-min, DANG Zhi, CAI Mei-fang, SITU Yue, LIU Cong-qiang. Speciation Distribution and Transfer of Heavy Metals in Contaminated Stream Waters around Dabaoshan Mine[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2005, 18(3): 5-10.

大宝山矿区污染水体中重金属的形态分布及迁移转化

基金项目: 广东省环境保护局科技研究开发项目(2001-27);广东省科技厅重大专项(2004A30308002);环境地球化学国家重点实验室开放基金资助项目

Speciation Distribution and Transfer of Heavy Metals in Contaminated Stream Waters around Dabaoshan Mine

  • 摘要: 对受广东大宝山矿区矿山废水排放污染的横石河水体中的过滤水、悬浮物和沉积物中重金属的污染分布特征及其迁移转化进行了系统地研究.结果表明:该水体的环境污染是以Cu,Zn,Cd和Pb则为主的多金属复合污染,综合污染指数(PI)为2.23~18.11,重金属Cu,Zn,Cd和Pb的溶解态质量浓度分别达13.82,50.83,0.103和2.91 mg/L;Cu,Zn,Cd和Pb的溶解态、悬浮态及总量沿河流断面呈相似的空间分布规律,而As则略有不同,但都是沿水流方向逐渐降低的;由于受低pH的影响,水体中As主要以细微颗粒物悬浮态为迁移载体,而Cu,Zn,Cd和Pb则以水溶态为主要迁移方式; 沉积物中5种重金属元素都以残渣态为主要存在形态,Cd和Pb的可交换态及Cu和Zn的有机态含量很高,说明这4种元素对环境都有一定的潜在威胁性.

     

  • [1] Zhang L C,Zhao G J.The species and geochemical characteristics of heavy metals in the sediments of Kangjiaxi River in the Shuikoushan Mine Area,China[J].Appl Geochem, 1996,11(1/2):217-222.
    [2] 尚爱安,党志,漆亮,等.两类典型重金属土壤污染研究[J].环境科学学报,2001,21(4):501-504.Shang Aian,Dang Zhi,Qi Liang,et al.Study on two kinds of heavy metals pollution of soils[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2001,21(4):501-504.
    [3] 王庆仁,刘秀梅,董艺婷,等.典型重工业区与污灌区植物的重金属污染状况及特征[J].农业环境保护,2002,21(2):115-118,149.Wang Qingren,Liu Xiumei,Dong Yiting,et al.Contamination and characters of vegetation polluted by heavy metals in typical industrial regions subjected to sewage as irrigation[J].Agro_environmental Protection,2002,21(2):115-118,149.
    [4] Dang Z,Liu C Q,Martin J H.Mobility of heavy metals associated with the natural weathering of coal mine spoils[J].Environ Pollut,2002,118(3):419-426.
    [5] Lee C H.Assessment of contamination load on water,soil and sediment affected by the Kongjujeil mine drainage,Republic of Korea[J].Environ Geol, 2003,44(5):501-515.
    [6] 丛志远,赵峰华.酸性矿山废水研究的现状及展望[J].中国矿业,2003,12(3):15-18.Cong Zhiyuan,Zhao Fenghua.Current situation and prospect of the research on acid mine drainage[J].China Mining,2003,12(3):15-18.
    [7] Liu W X,Coveneyb R M,Chen J L.Environmental quality assessment on a river system polluted by mining activities[J]. Appl Geochem, 2003,18(5):749-764.
    [8] Naicker K,Cukrowska E,McCarthy T S.Acid mine drainage arising from gold mining activity in Johannesburg,South Africa and environs[J].Environ Pollut, 2003,22(1):29-40.
    [9] 鲍士旦.土壤农化分析[M].第3版.北京:中国农业出版社,2000.85-98.Bao Shidan.Soil agricultural chemistry analysis[M]. 3rd edition.Beijing:China Agriculture Press,2000.85-98.
    [10] Tessier A, Campbell P G C,Bisson M.Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals[J].Anal Chem, 1979,51(7):844-850.
    [11] 吴攀,刘丛强,张国平,等.黔西北炼锌地区河流重金属污染特征[J].农业环境保护,2002,21(5):443-446.Wu Pan,Liu Congqiang,Zhang Guoping,et al.Characteristics of heavy metal pollution in stream of zinc smelting area, Northwest of Guizhou[J].Agro_environmental Protection,2002,21(5):443-446.
    [12] Chou H T,Ahn J S,Jung M C.Seasonal variations and chemical forms of heavy metals in soils and dusts from the satellite cities of Seoul,Korea[J].Environ Geochem Health,1998,20(2):77-86.
    [13] Jung M C.Heavy metal contamination of soils and waters in and around the Imcheon Au_Ag mine,Korea[J].Appl Geochem,2001,16(11/12):1369-1375.
    [14] 陈志澄,赵淑嫒,黄丽彬,等.稀土矿山水系中Pb、Cd、Cu、Zn的化学形态及其迁移研究[J].中国环境科学,1994, 14(3):220-225.Chen Zhicheng,Zhao Shuyuan,Huang Libin,et al.Chemical species and transport of Pb,Cd,Cu and Zn in aquatic system of rare earth mining area[J].China Environmental Science,1994,14(3):220-225.
    [15] 曾清如,周细红,铁柏清,等.铅锌矿自然扩散晕内重金属的污染特征及其防治技术[J].农村生态环境,1997,13(1):12-15.Zeng Qingru,Zhou Xihong,Tie Baiqing,et al.Study on characteristics of heavy metal pollution and its controlling measures in lead_zinc mine area[J].Rural Eco_Environment,1997,13(1):12-15.
    [16] 乔庆霞,黄小凤.NFDA3江表层底泥中重金属化学形态的研究[J].昆明理工大学学报,1999,24(2):195-198.Qiao Qingxia,Huang Xiaofeng.A study of heavy metal chemical formations of surface sediment in Bijiang river[J].Journal of Kunming University of Science and Technology,1999,24(2):195-198.
    [17] 蒋廷惠,胡蔼堂,秦怀英.土壤中锌、铜、铁、锰的形态与有效性的关系[J].土壤通报,1989,20:228-232.Jiang Tinghui,Hu Aitang,Qin Huaiying.Relationship between chemical species and availability of Zn,Cu,Fe and Mn in soils[J].Chinese Journal of Soil Science,1989,20:228-232.
    [18] Clevenger T E.Use of sequential extraction to evaluate the heavy metals in mining wastes[J].Water Air Soil Pollut,1990,50:241-254.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1593
  • HTML全文浏览量:  9
  • PDF下载量:  143
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2004-07-14
  • 刊出日期:  2005-06-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回