留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

黄浦江表层水体中有机氯农药的分布特征

夏 凡 胡雄星 韩中豪 王文华

夏 凡, 胡雄星, 韩中豪, 王文华. 黄浦江表层水体中有机氯农药的分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2006, 19(2): 11-15.
引用本文: 夏 凡, 胡雄星, 韩中豪, 王文华. 黄浦江表层水体中有机氯农药的分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2006, 19(2): 11-15.
XIA Fan, HU Xiong-xing, HAN Zhong-hao, WANG Wen-hua. Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Surface Water from the Huangpu River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2006, 19(2): 11-15.
Citation: XIA Fan, HU Xiong-xing, HAN Zhong-hao, WANG Wen-hua. Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Surface Water from the Huangpu River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2006, 19(2): 11-15.

黄浦江表层水体中有机氯农药的分布特征

基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2003CB415003)

Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Surface Water from the Huangpu River

  • 摘要: 用双柱GC-ECD对黄浦江表层水体中的20种有机氯农药(OCPs)进行了分析,水体中ρ(OCPs)为87.28~148.97 ng/L,含量较高的组分有β-BHC,δ-BHC,α-BHC,4,4′-DDT和七氯等,ρ(BHCs)高于ρ(DDTs),分别为42.13~75.47和3.83~20.90 ng/L.组分分布特征表明,水体中BHCs主要为环境中的早期残留,在淀峰断面显示近期输入特征;水体中DDTs显示近期输入特征.高平潮时ρ(OCPs)低于低平潮,高平潮时大量长江水的涌入对黄浦江水体中的有机氯农药起到一定的稀释作用.水体中有机氯农药呈现较明显的季节性变化,丰水期含量高于枯水期,丰水期农田径流和土壤剥蚀作用的加强是导致水体中ρ(OCPs)升高的重要原因,说明黄浦江水体中有机氯农药的来源具有面源特征;水温升高加强了沉积物中有机氯农药的二次释放与其他地区相比较,黄浦江表层水体中ρ(OCPs)较低,ρ(DDTs)和ρ(BHCs)均未超过地表水环境质量标准限值.

     

  • [1] 汪雅各.上海农业环境污染研究[M].上海:上海科学技术出版社,1991.Wang Yage.Research of agricultural environmental pollution in Shanghai[M].Shanghai:Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers,1991.
    [2] Hendy E,Peake B M.Organochlorine pesticides in a dated sediment core from Mapua,Waimea Inlet,New Zealand[J].Mar Pollut Bull,1996,32:751-754.
    [3] Smith A G,Gangolli S D.Organochlorine chemicals in sea food,occurrence and health concern[J].Food Chem Toxicol,2002,40(6):767-769.
    [4] 袁旭音,王禹,陈骏,等.太湖沉积物中有机氯农药的残留特征及风险评估[J].环境科学,2003,24(1):121-125.Yuan Xuyin,Wang Yu,Chen Jun,et al.Organochlorine residues of sediments in Taihu Lake and its risk evaluation[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,2003,24(1):121-125.
    [5] Hong Huasheng,Chen Weiqi,Xu Li,et al.Distribution and fate of organochlorine pollutants in the Pearl River Estuary[J].Mar Pollut Bull,1999,39:376-382.
    [6] 张祖麟,陈伟琪,哈里德,等.九龙江口水体中有机氯农药分布特征及归宿[J].环境科学,2001,22(5):88-92.Zhang Zulin,Chen Weiqi,Khalid M,et al.Evaluation and fate of the organic chlorine pesticides at the waters in Jiulong River Estuary[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,2001,22(5):88-92.
    [7] 胡雄星,夏德祥,韩中豪,等.苏州河水及沉积物中有机氯农药的分布和归宿[J].中国环境科学,2005,25(1):124-128.Hu Xiongxing,Xia Dexiang,Han Zhonghao,et al.Distribution characteristics and fate of organochlorine pesticide in water-sediment of Suzhou River[J].China Environmental Science,2005,25 (1):124-128.
    [8] EPA8081A,Organochlorine pesticides by cap column GC[S].
    [9] 胡雄星,韩中豪,周亚康,等.黄浦江表层沉积物中有机氯农药的分布特征及风险评价[J].环境科学,2005,26(3):48-52.Hu Xiongxing,Han Zhonghao,Zhou Yakang,et al.Distribution of organochlorine pesticides in surface sediments from Huangpu River and its risk evaluation[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,2005,26(3):48-52.
    [10] Fernandez M A,Alonso C,Gonzalez M J,et al.Occurrence of organochlorine insecticides,PCOCs and PCOCs congeners in water and sediments of the Ebro river(Spain)[J].Chemosphere,1999,38:33-43.
    [11] Pham T,Lum K,Lemieux C.The occurrence,distribution and sources of DDT in St.Lawrence river,Quebec(Canada)[J].Chemosphere,1993,26:1595-1606.
    [12] Turgut C.The contamination with organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in surface water in Kucuk Menderes River in Turkey,2000-2002[J].Environ Intern,2003,29:29-32.
    [13] 张秀芳,董晓丽.辽河中下游水体中有机氯农药的残留调查[J].大连轻工业学院学报,2002,21(2):102-104.Zhang Xiufang,Dong Xiaoli.Organic chlorinated pesticides in middle and lower reaches of Liaohe[J].Journal of Dalian Institute of Light Industry,2002,21(2):102-104
    [14] 蒋新,许士奋,Martens D,等.长江南京段水、悬浮物及沉积物中多氯有毒有机污染物[J].中国环境科学,2000,20(3):193-197.Jiang Xin,Xu Shifen,Martens D,et al.Polychlorinated organic contaminants in waters,suspended solids and sediments of the Nanjing Section,Yangtze River[J].China Environmental Science,2000,20(3):193-197.
    [15] 窦薇,赵忠宪.白洋淀水生食物链BHC、DDT生物浓缩分析[J].环境科学,1997,18(5):41-43.Dou Wei,Zhao Zhongxian.A study on bioaccumulation and biomagnification of BHC and DDT in Baiyangdian Lake food web[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,1997,18(5):41-43.
    [16] 杨清书,麦碧娴,傅家谟.珠江干流河口水体有机氯农药的时空分布特征[J].环境科学,2004,25(2):150-156.Yang Qingshu,Mai Bixian,Fu Jiamo,et al.Spatial and temporal distribution of organochlorine pesticides(OCPs) in surface water from the Pearl River Artery Estuary[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,2004,25(2):150-156.
    [17] GB 3838-2002,地表水环境质量标准[S].GB 3838-2002,Environmental quality standard for surface water[S].
    [18] Willett K L,Ulrich E M,Hites R A.Differential toxicity and environmental fats of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers[J].Environ Sci Technol,1998,32:2197-2207.
    [19] Dannenberger D.Chlorinated micropollutants in surface sediments of the Baltic Sea-investigations in the Belt Sea,the Arkona Sea and the Pomeranian Bight[J].Mar Pollut Bull,1996,32:772-781.
    [20] Hitch R K,Day H P.Unusual persistence of DDT in some Western USA soils[J].Bull Environ Contam Toxicol,1992,48:255-264.
    [21] 闫百兴,汤洁,何岩.松嫩平原西部农田径流中有机氯农药的分布特征[J].环境科学,2003,24(2):82-86.Yan Baixing,Tang Jie,He Yan.Distribution characteristics of metabolites of BHC and derivatives of DDT from the agricultural runoff in the western Songnen Plain[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Sceince,2003,24(2):82-86.
    [22] Jantunen L M,Bidleman T F.Reversal of the air-water gas exchange direction of hexachlorocyclohexanes in the Bering and Chukchi Sea:1993 versus 1988[J].Environ Sci Technol,1995,29:1081-1089.
    [23] 陈瑞方,朱杰.频率组合法分析黄浦江年最高潮位频率特征[J].水文,2002,22(4):25-27.Chen Ruifang,Zhu Jie.Analysis on frequency characteristics of yearly maximum tidal level in Huangpu river with the combination frequency method[J].Hydrology,2002,22(4):25-27.
    [24] 戴树桂.环境化学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1997.Dai Shugui.Environmental chemistry[M].Beijing:Higher Education Press,1997.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1095
  • HTML全文浏览量:  18
  • PDF下载量:  126
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2005-09-08
  • 刊出日期:  2006-04-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回