留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

敌敌畏在土壤中吸附特性的研究

杨宏伟 贾长宽 乌 地 郭博书

杨宏伟, 贾长宽, 乌 地, 郭博书. 敌敌畏在土壤中吸附特性的研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2006, 19(2): 35-38.
引用本文: 杨宏伟, 贾长宽, 乌 地, 郭博书. 敌敌畏在土壤中吸附特性的研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2006, 19(2): 35-38.
YANG Hong-wei, JIA Chang-kuan, WU Di, GUO Bo-shu. A Research on the Adsorption Characteristic of Dichlorphos on the Soils[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2006, 19(2): 35-38.
Citation: YANG Hong-wei, JIA Chang-kuan, WU Di, GUO Bo-shu. A Research on the Adsorption Characteristic of Dichlorphos on the Soils[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2006, 19(2): 35-38.

敌敌畏在土壤中吸附特性的研究

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(2047002);内蒙古高等学校自然科学基金资助项目(ZD991502)

A Research on the Adsorption Characteristic of Dichlorphos on the Soils

  • 摘要: 研究了敌敌畏在2种土壤(东胜土壤和杭锦2#土)中的吸附特性,观察了土壤的性质如w(有机质),w(粘粒),CEC,pH和离子强度等因素对吸附的影响.结果表明:敌敌畏在2种土壤中的吸附过程符合一级动力学规律,可用线性等温式描述,分配常数Kd分别为0.119 0和0.369 3 mL/g;敌敌畏在杭锦2#土中的吸附量比较大,在东胜土壤中的吸附速率比较快.土壤性质与分配常数的相关分析发现:支配敌敌畏在土壤中吸附的主要因素是pH和离子强度,随着pH的增加和离子强度的降低,敌敌畏在2种土壤中的吸附量增大.

     

  • [1] 农业部农药检定所.新编农药手册[M].北京:农业出版社,1989.398.Institute of Examine Pesticides of Agricultural Defence.New write pesticides'manual[M].Beijing:Agricultural Press,1989.398.
    [2] 黄梓平,王建宁.鲁米诺-过氧化氢体系对敌敌畏的检测分析[J].农药,2002,43(9):19-22.Huang Ziping,Wang Jianning.A luminol-based chemiluminescence method for the detection of dichlorvos pesticide[J].Pesticides,2002,43(9):19-22.
    [3] 赵孟霞.10%高渗敌敌畏乳油的气相色谱分析[J].农药,1997,36(1):30-31.Zhao Mengxia.Analysis of 10% high peneteration dichlorvos emulsifiable concentrate by Gas Chromatography[J].Pesticides,1997,36(1):30-31.
    [4] 李桂芝,刘永明.黄河水体沉积物对敌百虫和甲拌磷的吸附[J].环境化学,2001,20(3):244-247.Li Guizhi,Liu Yongming Adsorption of trichlorphon and phorate on Yellow River's sediments[J].Environmental Chemistry,2001,20(3):244-247.
    [5] 刘永明,李桂芝.灭多威在黄河水体沉积物的吸附特性研究[J].烟台大学学报(自然科学与工程版),2001,14(1):65-67.Liu Yongming,Li Guizhi.Characteristic of adsorption of methomyl on Yellow River' s sediments[J].Journal of Yantai University (Natural Science and Engineering Edition),2001,14(1):65-67.
    [6] 李桂芝,刘永明.久效磷在黄河水体沉积物的吸附特性及机理[J].环境科学与技术,2001,24(2):23-25.Li Guizhi,Liu Yongming.The characteristics and mechanism for adsorption of monocrotophos on Yellow River's sedimente[J].Environmental Science & Technology,2001,24(2):23-25.
    [7] 李改枝.改性膨润土对水中敌百虫和敌敌畏的吸附性能研究[J].烟台大学学报(自然科学与工程版),2003,16(1):73-78.Li Gaizhi.Sorption of trichlorphon and dichlorvos in water bv modified bentonites[J].Journal of Yantai University(Natural Science and Engineering Edition),2003,16(1):73-78.
    [8] 杨宏伟,郭博书,嘎日迪.除草剂草甘膦在土壤中的吸附行为[J].环境科学,2004,25(5):158-162.Yang Hongwei,Guo Boshu,Ga Ridi.Adsorption behaviors of herbicide glyphoste on soils[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,2004,25(5):158-162.
    [9] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所.土壤理化分析[M].上海:上海科学技术出版社,1990.64,169.Nanjing Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences.Analyse physics and chemistry of soils[M].Shanghai:Science and Technology Press of Shanghai,1990.64,169.
    [10] 冯旭东,杨义燕,翟福平,等.敌百虫萃取分离的研究[J].环境化学,1999,18(2):141-145.Feng Xudong,Yang Yiyan,Qu Fuping,et al.Studies on extraction of trichlorphon[J].Environmental Chemistry,1999,18(2):141-145.
    [11] 日本工业用水协会.水质分析法[M].陈履安译.北京:中国环境科学出版社,1990.220.Japan Association of Industry Use Water.Analyse method of water quality[M].Translated by Chen Lu'an.Beijing:China Environmental Science Press,1990.220.
    [12] von Oepen B,Kordel W,Klein W.Sorption of nonpolor compounds to soil:processes,measurements and experience with the applicability of the modifide OECE-Guideline 106[J].Chemosphere,1991,22:285-304.
    [13] Donigian A S,Carsel R F.Modeling the impact of conservation tillage practices on pesticide concentration in ground and surface waters[J].Environ Toxicol Chem,1987,6:241-250.
    [14] Gaston L A,Locke M A,Zabblotowicz R M.Sorption and degradation of bentazon in conventional-and no-till dundee soil[J].J Environ Qual,1996,25:120-126.
    [15] 李克斌,刘维屏,周瑛,等.灭草松在土壤中吸附的支配因素[J].环境科学,2003,24(1):126-130.Li Kebin,Liu Weiping,Zhou Ying,et al.Factors dominating the sorption of bentazon in soils[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Science,2003,24(1):126-130.
    [16] Chattoraj D K,Birdi K S.Adsorption and the Gibbs surface excess[M].New York:Pleum Press,1984.278.
    [17] 戴树桂.环境化学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2002.220-235.Dai Shugui Environmental chemistry[M].Beijing:China Environmental Science Press,2002.220-235.
    [18] 金相灿.有机化合物化学[M].北京:清华大学出版社,1990.23-37.Jin Xiangcan.Organic compound chemistry[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,1990.23-37.
    [19] Fontaine D D,Lebmann R G,Miller J R.Soil adsorption of neutral and anionic forms of a sulfonamide herbicide,flumet-sulam[J].J Environ Qual,1991,20:759-762.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1382
  • HTML全文浏览量:  8
  • PDF下载量:  71
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2005-04-16
  • 刊出日期:  2006-04-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回