Because of historical conflict, the Han nationality and the Naxi nationality inhabit two adjacent subordinate basins in Sanba administration village, Shangri-La County, Yunnan Province. The Naxi nationality inhabits the Baishuihebasin, while the Han nationality inhabits the Gejiihe basin. Different landscapespatial patterns are formed on account of their different cultural conventions.In order to evaluate their distinctions, a contrastive research was carried outthrough the methods of landscape ecology and cultural anthropology. It is shownthat the Dominance Index in the Baishuihe basin is higher than that in the Gejihe basin, and their difference is very obvious. Simultaneously, the Landscape Diversity Index in the Baishuihe basin is lower than that in the Gejihe basin, andthe Fragmentation Index in the Baishuihe basin is higher than that in the Gejihe basin, but in no apparent difference. The research result also indicates that the conventional sacred hills, clustering and terrace cultivation culture of Naxi nationality are beneficial to the harmonious development of the resources, environment and population, especially in those alp and gorge area in Yunnan Province.