留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

底泥对沉水植物生长和群落结构的影响

叶 春 于海婵 宋祥甫 邹国燕 王 博

叶 春, 于海婵, 宋祥甫, 邹国燕, 王 博. 底泥对沉水植物生长和群落结构的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2008, 21(5): 178-183.
引用本文: 叶 春, 于海婵, 宋祥甫, 邹国燕, 王 博. 底泥对沉水植物生长和群落结构的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2008, 21(5): 178-183.
YE Chun, YU Hai-chan, SONG Xiang-fu, ZOU Guo-yan, WANG Bo. Influence of Sediment Condition on Growth and Community Structure of Submerged Plants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2008, 21(5): 178-183.
Citation: YE Chun, YU Hai-chan, SONG Xiang-fu, ZOU Guo-yan, WANG Bo. Influence of Sediment Condition on Growth and Community Structure of Submerged Plants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2008, 21(5): 178-183.

底泥对沉水植物生长和群落结构的影响

基金项目: 国家“十五”重大科技专项 (2002AA601013)

Influence of Sediment Condition on Growth and Community Structure of Submerged Plants

  • 摘要: 太湖流域中的5种土著沉水植物〔马来眼子菜(Potamogeton malaianus Miq.)、微齿眼子菜(Potamogeton maackianus)、苦草(Vallisneria spiralis L.)、黑藻(Hydrillaverticillata Royle)和金鱼藻(Ceratophyllum demersum L.)〕经人工配置成3种群落,分别栽植在3种不同类型的底泥上,经过53 d的试验,对人工配置的沉水植物的成活、生长和群落结构演变进行了研究.结果表明:有机质和营养盐含量较高、流动性大、稳定性差的淤泥底质不利于沉水植物的定植,植物成活率较低;氮、磷含量较高的淤泥底质比生泥底质更有利于沉水植物的生长,沉水植物具有较高的相对生长速率,但过于肥沃的底泥会对水生植物的生长产生抑制作用.试验条件下,营养盐含量低的底泥有利于提高生物多样性.3种人工配置的群落中,无论黑藻是否为主栽种,其优势度均明显增加,成为群落优势种.因此,人为配置的沉水植物群落是不稳定的,群落优势种和稳定的群落结构主要由环境条件决定.

     

  • [1] Moss B.Engineering and biological approaches to the restoration from eutrophication of shallow lakes in which aquatic plant communities are important components[J].Hydrobiologia,1990,200/201:367-377.
    [2] Lamberti G A,Moore J W.Aquatic insects as primary consumers[C]// Resh V H,Rosenberg D M.The ecology of aquatic insects.New York:Praeger Scientific,1984:164-195.
    [3] Maceina M J,Bettoli P W,Klussmann W G,et al.Effect of aquatic macrophyte removal on recruitment and growth of black crappies and white crappies in Lake Conroe,Texas.N Amer[J].J Fish Manag,1991,11:556-563.
    [4] Carpenter S R,Van Donk E,Wetzel R G,et al.Nutrient-loading gradient in shallow lakes:report of the Group Discussion[C]//Jeppesen E,Sondergaard M,Sondergaard M,et al.The structuring role of submerged macrophytesin lakes.New York:Springer,1998:393-396.
    [5] Kornijow R,Moss B.Vertical distribution in relation to fish and floating-leaved macrophyte populations[C]//Jeppesen E,Sondergaard M,Sondergaard M,et al.The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes.New York:Springer,1998:227-232.
    [6] Hough R A,Fornwall M D,Negele B J,et al.Plant communitydynamics in a chain of lakes:principal factors in the decline of rooted macrophytes with eutrophication[J].Hydrobiologia,1989,173:199-217.
    [7] Wigand C,Stevenson J C,Cornwell J C.Effects of different submersed macrophytes on sediment biogeochemistry[J].Aquat Bot,1997,56:233-244.
    [8] Van T K,Wheeler G S,Center T D.Competition between Hydrilla verticillata and Vallisneria americana as influenced by soil fertility[J].Aquat Bot,1999,62:225-233.
    [9] Rooney N,Kalff J.Inter-annual variation in submerged macrophyte community biomass and distribution:the influence of temperature and lake morphometry[J].Aquatic botany,2000,68:321-335.
    [10] Irfanullah H M,Moss B.Factors influencing the return of submerged plants to a clear-water,shallow temperate lake[J].Aquatic Botany,2004,80:177-191.
    [11] 郑师章,吴千红,王海波,等.普通生态学:原理、方法和应用[M].上海:复旦大学出版社,1994:148-150.
    [12] Amy F G,Marguerite S K,Christopher J M.Phosphorus uptake kinetics ofa dominant tropical seagrass thalassia testudinum[J].Aquatic Botany,2003,76:299-315.
    [13] Rattray M R,Howad-Williams C,Brown J M A.Sediment and water as sources of nitrogen and phosphorus for submerged rooted aquatic macrophytes[J].Aquat Bot,1991,40:225-237.
    [14] Barko J W,Adams M S,Clesceri N L.Environmental factors and their consideration in the management of submersed aquatic vegetation:a review[J].AquatPlant Manag,1986,24:1-10.
    [15] Barko J W,Smart R M,McFarland G,et al.Interrelationships betweenthe growth of Hydrilla verticillata (L.F.) Royle and sediment nutrient availability[J].Aquat Bot,1988,32:205-216.
    [16] Anderson M R,Kalff J.Submerged aquatic macrophyte biomass in relation to sediment characteristics in ten temperate lakes[J].Freshwater Biol,1988,25:115-121.
    [17] Gras A F,Koch M S,Madden C J.Phosphorus uptake kinetics of a dominant tropical seagrass Thalassia testudinum[J].Aquatic Botany,2003,76:299-315.
    [18] 李亚东,崔艳秋.武汉东湖苦草种子的块茎发芽实验[J].水生生物学报,2000,24(3):298-300.
    [19] 熊秉红,李伟.我国苦草属(Vallisneria L.)植物的生态学研究[J].武汉植物学研究,2000,18(6):500-508.
    [20] 刘晓燕,胡东,陈卫.北京白河沉水植物研究[J].首都师范大学学报:自然科学版,2004,25(1):46-50.
    [21] 叶春,于海婵,宋祥甫,等.基底条件和栽培方式对芦苇和香蒲生长发育的影响[J].环境科学研究,2008,21(1):59-63.
    [22] 邱东茹,吴振斌,邓家齐,等.武汉东湖湖水和底泥对黄丝草生长的影响[J].植物资源与环境,1997,6(4):45-49.
    [23] 种云霄.利用沉水植物治理水体富营养化[J].广州环境科学,2005,20(3):41-43.
    [24] Cook C D K.Dispersion in aquatic and amphibious vascular plants[C]//Crawford R M M.Plant life in aquatic and amphibious habitats.Oxford:Blackwell Scientific Publications,1987:179-190.
    [25] Fenner M.Seedlings[J].New Phytol,1987,106:35-47.
    [26] Angela M,Pagano,John E Titus.Submersed macrophyte growth at low pH:contrasting responses of three species to dissolved inorganic carbon enrichment and sediment type[J].Aquatic Botany,2004,79:65-74.
    [27] Titus J E,Hoover D T.Towards predicting reproductive success in submersed freshwater angiosperms[J].Aquat Bot,1991,41:111-136.
    [28] Phillips G L,Eminson D,Moss B.A mechanism to account for macrophyte decline in progressively eutrophicated freshwaters[J].Aquat Bot,1978,4(1):103-126.
    [29] 崔心红,熊秉红,蒲云海,等.5种沉水植物无性繁殖和定居能力的比较研究[J].植物生态学报,2000,24(4):502-505.
    [30] 颜昌宙,许秋瑾,赵景柱,等.五里湖生态重建影因素及其对策[J].环境科学研究,2004,17(3):44-47.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1332
  • HTML全文浏览量:  20
  • PDF下载量:  93
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2007-12-08
  • 修回日期:  2008-03-24
  • 刊出日期:  2008-10-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回