留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

南极企鹅粪土地层、机体组织与卵中POPs含量分布及其生态环境意义

杨 丹 卢 冰 潘建明

杨 丹, 卢 冰, 潘建明. 南极企鹅粪土地层、机体组织与卵中POPs含量分布及其生态环境意义[J]. 环境科学研究, 2009, 22(4): 427-433.
引用本文: 杨 丹, 卢 冰, 潘建明. 南极企鹅粪土地层、机体组织与卵中POPs含量分布及其生态环境意义[J]. 环境科学研究, 2009, 22(4): 427-433.
YANG Dan, LU Bing, PAN Jian-ming. Distribution and Environmental Significance of POPs in Dropping-Amended Soil, Organisms and Eggs of Antarctic Penguins[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2009, 22(4): 427-433.
Citation: YANG Dan, LU Bing, PAN Jian-ming. Distribution and Environmental Significance of POPs in Dropping-Amended Soil, Organisms and Eggs of Antarctic Penguins[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2009, 22(4): 427-433.

南极企鹅粪土地层、机体组织与卵中POPs含量分布及其生态环境意义

基金项目: 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项(JG200823,JG200825);国家海洋局青年海洋科学基金项目(2009514);国家自然科学基金项目(40576003)

Distribution and Environmental Significance of POPs in Dropping-Amended Soil, Organisms and Eggs of Antarctic Penguins

  • 摘要: 对南极阿德雷岛企鹅栖息地粪土混合地层进行210Pb定年,同时采用气相色谱-电子捕获检测器 (GC-ECD)内标定量法测定了企鹅栖息地粪土混合地层及其机体组织中的有机氯污染物分布.结果表明:粪土混合地层中表层的有机氯污染物含量最高,w(PCBs),w(HCHs)和w(DDTs)分别为0.92,0.42和0.70 ng/g. 与非栖息地的比较表明,通过有鸟类活动的粪土混合地层(营巢和粪便)输入的PCBs和OCPs比无鸟类生命途径的高. 因此,海鸟成为将有机氯污染物带到南极大陆的媒介和途径. 有机氯污染物主要分布在企鹅机体的脂质和脂肪中,其中脂肪和尾臀腺中的含量最高,脂肪中w(PCBs),w(HCB),w(HCHs) 和w(DDTs)分别为126.9~277.0,43.2~197.0, 未检出~20.7 和79.4~110.1 ng/g. 蛋卵中w(PCBs), w(DDTs),w(HCB)和w(HCHs)分别为0.4~0.9,2.4~10.3,6.0~10.2和0.1~0.4 ng/g,总积蓄水平依次为HCB>DDTs>PCBs>HCHs. 对比PCBs在企鹅体内的积累与排出(粪土和产卵)过程可知,前者占主导地位.在南极企鹅机体组织和卵中检出PCBs和OCPs表明,有机氯农药可在鸟类动物体内积累与代间转移,在相当长的时期内难以消除.

     

  • [1] RISEBROGH R W,WALKER Ⅱ W,SCHMITT T T,et al.Polychlorinated biphenyls in the global ecosystem[J].Nat,1968,220:1098-1102.
    [2] TANABE S,HIDAKA H,TASSUKAWA R,et al.Global distributionand atmospherictransport of chlorinated hydrocarbons:HCH isomers and DDT compounds in the Western Pacific,Eastern Indian and Antarctic Ocean[J].J Oceanog Soc,1982,5:97-109.
    [3] 蒲家彬,李宗品,邵秘华.南极乔治王岛环境质量现状调查[J].南极研究,1995(7):51-58.
    [4] JOIRIS C R,OVERLOOP W.PCB and organochlorine pesticides in phytoplankton and zooplankton in the Indian sector of the Southern OceanAntarctic[J].Sci,1991,4(3):371-377.
    [5] SUBRAMANIAN B R,TANABE S,HIDAKE H,et al.DDT and PCB isomers andconneners in Antarctic fish [J].Aech Environ Contam Toxico,1983,12:621-626.
    [6] LARA W H,BARRETO H H C,LNOMATA O N K,et al.Organochlorine residues in Antarctic penguins[J].Pequisa Antartica Brasileira,1990,2(1):1-6.
    [7] SUBRAMANIAN A,TANABE S,HIDAKA H,et al.Distribution and transfer of organochlorines in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in a breeding season[J].Memoirs of National Institute Polar Research,1986,40(Special Issue):423-433.
    [8] 史双昕,周丽,邵丁丁,等.北京地区土壤中有机氯农药类POPs残留状况研究[J].环境科学研究,2007,20(1):24-29.
    [9] 张利,刘红玉,张慧,等.湖南东部地区稻田土壤中有机氯农药残留及分布[J].环境科学研究,2008,21(1):118-123.
    [10] BWEICHBRODT M,VETTER W.Determination of organochlorine levels in antarcticskua and penguin eggs by application of combingd focused open-vessel microwave-assisted extraction,gel-permeation chromatography,adsorption chromatography,and GC/ECD[J].Environ Anal Chem,1999,73:309-328.
    [11] ALBANIS T A,HALA D,PAPAKOSTAS G,et al.Concentration and bioaccumulation of organochorine pesticide residues in herons and their prey in wetlands of thermaikos gulf,Macedonia,Greece[J]. Sci Total Environ,1996,182:11-19.
    [12] MADHUN Y A,FREED E H.Impact of pesticides on the environment[R]//CHENG H H.Pesticides in the soil environment:processes,impacts,and modeling.Madison,Wisconsin,USA:Soil Science Society of America,Inc.,1990:429-466.
    [13] 卢冰,王自磐,朱纯,等.南极食物链顶端海鸟卵中多氯联苯、有机氯农药积累水平及其全球意义[J].生态学报,2005,25(9):2440-2445.
    [14] 张海生,王自磐,卢冰,等.南极大型动物粪土层和蛋卵中有机氯污染物分布特征及生态学意义[J].中国科学D辑:地球科学,2006,36(12):1111-1121.
    [15] KELLY B C,GOBAS F.Bioaccumulation of persistent organic pollutants in lichen-caribou-wolf food chains of canada's central and western arctic[J].Environ Sci Technol,2001,35:320-325.
    [16] IWATA H,TANABE S N.Enantioselective accumulation of a-hexachlorocyclohexanein northern fur seals and double-crested cormorants:effects of biological andecological factors in the higher trophic levels[J].Environ Sci Technol,1998,32:22-44.
    [17] 龚钟明,董元华,安琼.夜鹭卵中几种多氯联苯(PCBs)的残留特征[J].中国环境科学,2001,21(2):124-127.
    [18] HISATO I,SHINSUKE T,MARI A,et al.Persistent organochloring residuces insedinents from the Chukchi Sea,Bering Sea and Gulf of Alska[J].Mar Pollut Bull,1994,28:746-753.
    [19] MARCHOFF E,GONZALES B,VIVEQUIN S.Studies on krill from penquin stomach contents at Potter Cove[J].Berichte,1998,299:236-26.
    [20] ODETE N K,INOMATA O N K,MONTONE R C,et al.Tissue distribution oforganochlorine residues-PCBs and pesticides-in Antarctic penguins[J].Antarctic Science,1996,8:253-255.
    [21] ADDISON R F,SMITH T G.Trends in Organochlorine residue concentrations in ringed seal (phoca hispida) from Holman,Northwest Territories,1972-91[J].Arctic,1998,51(3):253-261.
    [22] RATTNER B A,McGOWAN P C,HATFIELD J S,et al.Organochlorine contaminant exposure and reproductive success of black-crowned night-herous (Nycticorax) nesting in baltimore harbor,Maryland[J].Arch Environ Contam Toxicol,2001,41(1):73-82.
    [23] CUSTER T W,CUSTER C M.Transfer and accumulation of organochlorines from black-crowned night-herou eggs to chicks[J].Environ Toxicol Chem,1995,14:533-536.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1304
  • HTML全文浏览量:  7
  • PDF下载量:  100
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2008-07-22
  • 修回日期:  2009-01-01
  • 刊出日期:  2009-04-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回