留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于产污观点的人体排泄试验

王俊能 许振成 彭晓春 陈志良 冯丽萍 李梅莹

王俊能, 许振成, 彭晓春, 陈志良, 冯丽萍, 李梅莹. 基于产污观点的人体排泄试验[J]. 环境科学研究, 2009, 22(9): 1098-1102.
引用本文: 王俊能, 许振成, 彭晓春, 陈志良, 冯丽萍, 李梅莹. 基于产污观点的人体排泄试验[J]. 环境科学研究, 2009, 22(9): 1098-1102.
WANG Jun-neng, XU Zhen-cheng, PENG Xiao-chun, CHEN Zhi-liang, FENG Li-ping, LI Mei-ying. Experimental Investigation of Pollutants in Human Excreta[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2009, 22(9): 1098-1102.
Citation: WANG Jun-neng, XU Zhen-cheng, PENG Xiao-chun, CHEN Zhi-liang, FENG Li-ping, LI Mei-ying. Experimental Investigation of Pollutants in Human Excreta[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2009, 22(9): 1098-1102.

基于产污观点的人体排泄试验

基金项目: 国务院污染源普查专项(WPXC2007C200);环境保护部华南环境科学研究所公益专项(ZX20080906)

Experimental Investigation of Pollutants in Human Excreta

  • 摘要: 采用巢式设计进行了人体排泄试验,着重考察了影响污染物排泄系数的若干相关因素. 结果表明:TN和TP的排泄系数比CODCr和BOD5要高得多,反映了人体对氮、磷元素的吸收率较低,说明摄入相同数量的“污染物”,人体粪尿排泄物中氮、磷排泄量较多;除CODCr外,其他污染物的排泄系数均是女性明显高于男性(P<0.05),这可能与男女之间的体质量、消化能力以及体力消耗等差异有关;膳食结构与食物搭配也是影响污染物排泄系数的重要因素,这可能与不同种类的食物中表征的CODCr,BOD5,TP和TN指标及其存在形式有关,因此应关注膳食结构的变迁所引发的潜在的环境问题.

     

  • [1] OTTERPOHL R.Black,brown,yellow,grey:the new colours of sanitation[J].Water,2001,21(10):37-41.
    [2] OTTERPOHL R,GROTTKER M,LANGE J.Sustainable water and waste management in urbanareas[J].Water Sci Technol,1997,35(9):121-133.
    [3] OTTERPOHL R,ALBOLD A,OLDENBURG M.Source control in urban sanitation and waste management: ten systemswith reuse of resources[J].Water Sci Technol,1999,39(5):153-160.
    [4] LADIGES G,GUNNER C,OTTERPOHL R.Optimisation of the hamburg wastewater treatment plants by dynamic simulation[J].Water Sci Technol,1999,39(4):37-44.
    [5] BALKEMA A J,PREISIG H A,OTTERPOHL R,et al.Indicators for the sustainability assessment of wastewater treatment systems[J].Urban Water,2002,4(2):153-161.
    [6] ELMITWALLI T A,OTTERPOHL R.Anaerobic biodegradability and treatment of grey water in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket(UASB)reactor[J].Water Res,2007,41(6):1379-1387.
    [7] WINKER M,TETTENBORN F,FAIKA D,et al.Comparison of analytical and theoretical pharmaceutical concentrations in human urine in Germany[J].Water Res,2008,42(14):3633-3640.
    [8] WINKER M,FAIKA D,GULYAS H,et al.A comparison of human pharmaceutical concentrations in raw municipal wastewater and yellowwater[J].Sci Total Environ,2008,399(1/2/3):96-104.
    [9] BUTLER D.A small-scale study of wastewater discharge from domestic appliances[J].Journal of the Institution of Water and Environmental Management,1991,5(2):178-185.
    [10] BUTLER D.The influence of dwelling occupancy and day of the week on domestic appliance wastewaterdischarges[J].Building and Environment,1993,28(1):73-79.
    [11] BUTLER D,GRAHAM N J D.Modelling dry weather wastewater inflow in sewer networks[J].Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division,American Society of Civil Engineers,1995,121(EE2):161-173.
    [12] BUTLER D,GATT K.Synthesising dry weather flow input hydrographs: a maltese case study[J].Water Sci Technol,1996,34(3/4):55-62.
    [13] FRIEDLER E,BROWN D M,BUTLER D.A study of WC derived sewer solids[J].Water Sci Technol,1996,33(9):17-24.
    [14] FIJAN S,FIJAN R,SONJA T.Implementing sustainable laundering procedures for textiles in a commercial laundry and thus decreasing wastewater burden[J].Journal of Cleaner Production,2008,16(12):1258-1263.
    [15] BERNACHE G.The environmental impact of municipal waste management: the case of Guadalajara metro area[J].Resources,Conservation and Recycling,2003,39(3):223-237.
    [16] 胡霞,傅永胜,傅强,等.拉萨市城市生活污水的水质监测分析[J].环境化学,2003,22(6):627-628.
    [17] 陈淑红.秦皇岛市开发区生活污水利用可行性分析[J].中国环境管理干部学院学报,2003(1):20-22.
    [18] NGERGRABER G,MUELLEGGER E.Ecological sanitation: a way to solve global sanitation problems?[J].Environ Intern,2005,31(3):433-444.
    [19] 陈明,任仁,王子健,等.北京工业废水和城市污水环境激素污染状况调查[J].环境科学研究,2007,20(6):1-7.
    [20] OTONIEL B D,LILIANA M B,FRANCELIA P G.Consumption patterns and household hazardous solid waste generation in an urban settlement in México[J].Waste Manag,2008,28:S2-S6.
    [21] 翟丽华,刘鸿亮,席北斗,等.沟渠系统氮、磷输出特征研究[J].环境科学研究,2008,21(2):35-39.
    [22] 王宇,袁涛,胡江泳.AnSBR法处理生活污水中典型环境雌激素的研究[J].环境科学研究,2008,21(2):145-149.
    [23] 韩振宇.中国2020年城市生活污水排放量预测及淡水资源财富GDP指标的建立[J].环境科学研究,2005,18(5):88-90.
    [24] 杨展里.我国城市污水处理技术剖析及对策研究[J].环境科学研究,2001,14(5):61-64.
    [25] HEYDEN Y V,BRAEKELEER K D,ZHU Y,etal.Nested designs in ruggedness testing[J].Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis,1999,20(6):875-887.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1114
  • HTML全文浏览量:  5
  • PDF下载量:  119
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2008-12-22
  • 修回日期:  2009-02-11
  • 刊出日期:  2009-09-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回