留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

东部平原不同类型湖泊沉积物中有机磷的特征

廖剑宇 王圣瑞 杨苏文 储昭升 金相灿 张宇 曾清如

廖剑宇, 王圣瑞, 杨苏文, 储昭升, 金相灿, 张宇, 曾清如. 东部平原不同类型湖泊沉积物中有机磷的特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2010, 23(9): 1142-1150.
引用本文: 廖剑宇, 王圣瑞, 杨苏文, 储昭升, 金相灿, 张宇, 曾清如. 东部平原不同类型湖泊沉积物中有机磷的特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2010, 23(9): 1142-1150.
LIAO Jian yu, WANG Sheng rui, YANG Su wen, CHU Zhao sheng, JIN Xiang can, ZHANG Yu, ZENG Qing ru. Characteristics of Organic Phosphorus in Different Forms of Lake Sediments from East Plain Region[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2010, 23(9): 1142-1150.
Citation: LIAO Jian yu, WANG Sheng rui, YANG Su wen, CHU Zhao sheng, JIN Xiang can, ZHANG Yu, ZENG Qing ru. Characteristics of Organic Phosphorus in Different Forms of Lake Sediments from East Plain Region[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2010, 23(9): 1142-1150.

东部平原不同类型湖泊沉积物中有机磷的特征

基金项目: 社会基础性工作项目(2006FY110600);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项(2007KYYW27)

Characteristics of Organic Phosphorus in Different Forms of Lake Sediments from East Plain Region

  • 摘要: 以选自东部平原3种不同类型8个浅水湖泊的18个表层沉积物样品为研究对象,运用分级提取法,研究了沉积物中有机磷(OP)质量分数、形态及其分布状况,并探讨了OP组分与湖泊富营养化的关系. 结果表明:东部平原湖泊沉积物中w(OP)为65.2~539.2 mg/kg,占w(TP)的19.9%~40.6%,污染程度高的沉积物w(OP)高于污染程度较轻的沉积物. 沉积物中各形态有机磷主要以中活性有机磷(MLOP)与非活性有机磷(NLOP)为主,不同类型湖泊沉积物中各形态w(OP)顺序均为城市湖泊>大型养殖型湖泊>大型自然湖泊. 城市湖泊与养殖型湖泊以NLOP为主,其相对含量达到50%以上;而大型自然湖泊以生物有效性有机磷(LOP+MLOP)为主,其相对含量为54.6%~61.6%,表明沉积物中有机磷分布状况与湖泊污染程度和人类活动紧密相关. 酸提取有机磷质量分数〔w(HCl-Po)〕为10.5~200.9 mg/kg,在不同污染程度湖泊沉积物中差异明显,其和总有机磷(Po)的比值〔w(HCl-Po)/w(Po)〕与湖泊水质指标呈显著正相关(P<0.01),与沉积物w(TP),w(OP),w(LOP)及w(MLOP)也均呈显著正相关(P<0.01),即沉积物中的HCl-Po可能是湖泊水体磷的重要来源,沉积物中w(HCl-Po)/w(Po)可以反映湖泊的富营养化程度.

     

  • [1] FRINK C R. Nutrient budget: rational analysis of eutrophication in a Connecticut lake[J]. Environ Sci Technol,1967,1(5):425-428.
    [2] SNDERGAARD M, WINDOLF J, JEPPESEN E. Phosphorus fractions and profiles in the sediment of shallow Danish Lakes as related to phosphorus load, sediment composition and lake chemistry[J].Water Res,1996,30(4):992-1002.
    [3] RUTTENBERG K C. Development of a sequential extraction method for different forms of phosphorus in marine sediments[J]. Limnol Oceanogr,1992,37(7):1460-1482.
    [4] 金相灿,庞燕,王圣瑞,等.长江中下游浅水湖沉积物磷形态及其分布特征研究[J].农业环境科学学报,2008,27(1):279-285.
    [5] 李江,金相灿,姜霞,等.太湖不同营养水平湖区沉积物理化性质和磷的垂向变化[J].环境科学研究,2007,20(4):64-69.
    [6] 王雨春,马梅,万国江,等.贵州红枫湖沉积物磷赋存形态及沉积历史[J].湖泊科学,2004,16(1):21-27.
    [7] BALDWIN D S, BEATTIE J K, COLEMAN L M, et al. Hydrolysis of an organophosphate ester by manganese dioxide[J]. Environm Sci Technol,2001,35(4):713-716.
    [8] REITZEL K, AHLGREN J, DEBRABANDERE H, et al. Degradation rates of organic phosphorus in lake sediment[J]. Biogeochemistry,2007,82(1):15-28.
    [9] 赵生才.我国湖泊富营养化的发生机制与控制对策[J].地球科学进展,2004,19(1):138-140.
    [10] IVANOFF D B, REDDY K R, ROBINSOM S. Chemical fractionation of organic phosphorus in selected histosols[J]. Soil Science,1998,163(1):36-45.
    [11] 张运林,秦伯强,黄群芳.东部平原地区湖泊富营养化的演变及区域分析[J].上海环境科学,2002,21(9):549-553.
    [12] 马经安,李红清.浅谈国内外江河湖库水体富营养化状况[J].长江流域资源与环境,2002,11(6):575-578.
    [13] 窦鸿身,王苏民,姜加虎,等.中国湖泊综合分类原则、级别划分及分类程序之初探[J].湖泊科学,1996,8(2):174-178 .
    [14] 彭俊杰,李传红,黄细花.城市湖泊富营养化成因和特征[J].生态科学,2004,23(4):370-373.
    [15] 刘家寿,崔奕波,刘建康.网箱养鱼对环境影响的研究进展[J].水生生物学报,1997,11(2):154-157.
    [16] 王苏民,窦鸿身.中国湖泊志[M].北京:科学出版社,1998.
    [17] RUBAN V, BRIGUALT S, DEMARE D, et al. An investigation of the origin and mobility of phosphorus in freshwater sediments from Bort-Les-Orgues Reservoir, France[J]. J Environ Monit,1999,1(4):403-407.
    [18] 鲍士旦.土壤农化分析[M].3版.北京:中国农业出版社,2000.
    [19] 中国科学院南京土壤所.土壤理化分析[M].上海:上海科技出版社,1978:73-92.
    [20] 国家环境保护总局.水和废水监测分析方法[M].4版.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
    [21] 金相灿,屠清瑛.湖泊富营养化调查规范[M].2版.北京:中国环境科学出版社,1990.
    [22] 孟凡德,姜霞,金相灿.长江中下游湖泊沉积物理化性质的研究[J].环境科学研究,2004,17(S1):24-29.
    [23] 刘鸿亮,金相灿,荆一风.湖泊底泥环境疏浚工程技术[J].中国工程科学,1999,1(1):81-84.
    [24] 梁海清,王圣瑞,金相灿,等.不同污染程度沉积物不同粒级有机磷形态及其分布[J].中国农学通报,2007,23(3):380-385.
    [25] 孟庆华,李根英.山东省主要土类的有机磷及其与磷酸化酶和解磷微生物的相关性研究[J].土壤通报,2006,37(1):84-87.
    [26] BOWMAN R A, COLE C V. An exploratory method for fractionation of organic phosphorus from grassland soils[J]. Soil Science,1978,125(2):95-101.
    [27] GONSIORZYK T, CASPER P, KOSCHEL R. Phosphorus-binding forms in the sediment of an oligotrophic and an eutrophic hardwater lake of the Baltic Lake District (Germany)[J]. Water Sci Technol,1998,37(3):51-58.
    [28] TURNER B L, MCKELVIE I D, HAYGARTH P M. Characterization of water-extractable soil organic phosphorus by phosphatase hydrolysis[J]. Soil Biology Biochem,2002,34(1):27-35.
    [29] JIN X C, WANG S R, CHU J Z, et al. Organic phosphorus in shallow lake sediments in middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River area in China[J]. Pedosphere,2008,18(3):394-400.
    [30] 王迪迪,孙耀,石晓勇,等.乳山湾东流区沉积物中不同形态磷的分布特征[J].生态学报,2008,28(5):2417-2423.
    [31] ZHANG R Y, WU F C, LIU C Q, et al.Characteristics of organic phosphorus fractions in different trophic sediments of lakes from the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River region and Southwestern Plateau, China[J]. Environ Pollut, 2008,152(2):366-372.
    [32] 高海鹰,刘韬,丁士明,等.滇池沉积物有机磷形态分级特征[J].生态环境,2008,17(6):2137-2140.
    [33] FANG T H. Partitioning and behavior of different forms of phosphorus in the Tanshui estuary and one of its tributaries, Northern Taiwan[J]. Estuar, Coast Shelf Sci,2000,50(5):689-701.
    [34] 李军,刘丛强,王仕禄,等.太湖五里湖表层沉积物中不同形态磷的分布特征[J].矿物学报,2004,24(4):405-410.
    [35] ANSCHUTZ P, CHAILLOU G, LECROART P. Phosphorus diagenesis in sediment of the Thau Lagoon[J]. Estuar, Coast Shelf Sci,2007,72(3):447-456.
    [36] ZHANG Y S, NI W Z, SUN X. Influence of organic manure on organic phosphorus fraction in soils[J]. Pedosphere,1993,3(4):361-369.
    [37] 黄清辉,王东红,王春霞,等.沉积物中磷形态与湖泊富营养化的关系[J].中国环境科学,2003,23(6):583-586.
    [38] 孙晓航,张昱,杨敏,等.太湖悬浮物磷的形态分布特征[J].安全与环境学报,2005,5(4):19-23.
    [39] AHLGREN J, REITZEL K, DANIELSSON R, et al. Biogenic phosphorus in oligotrophic mountain lake sediments: differences in composition measured with NMR spectroscopy[J].Water Res,2006,40(20):3705-3712.
    [40] KRUUSEMENT K, PUNNING J M. Distribution of phosphorus in the sediment core of hypertrophic Lake Ruusmaee and some palaeoecological conclusions[J].Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Biology Ecology,2000,49(2):163-176.
    [41] INGALL E D, SCHROEDER P A, BERNER R A. The nature of organic phosphorus in marine sediments: new insights from 31P NMR[J]. Geoch et Cosmoch Acta, 1990,54:2617-2620.
    [42] SUNDARESHWAR P V, MORRIS J T, PELLECHIA P J, et al. Occurrence and ecological implications of pyrophosphate in estuaries[J]. Limnol Oceanogr,2001,46(6):1570-1577.
    [43] HERNANDEZ I, CHRISTMAS M, YELLOLY J M, et al. Factors affecting surface alkaline phosphatase activity in the brown alga focus spiralis at a North Sea inter tidal site (Tyne sands, Scotland)[J]. J Phycol,1997,33(3):569-575.
    [44] MONBET P, MCKELVIE I D, SAEFUMILLAH A, et al. A protocol to assess the enzymatic release of dissolved organic phosphorus species in waters under environmentally relevant conditions[J]. Environl Sci Technol,2007,41(21):7479-7485.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1928
  • HTML全文浏览量:  18
  • PDF下载量:  119
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-02-10
  • 修回日期:  2010-04-16
  • 刊出日期:  2010-09-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回