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我国北方某地区居民饮水暴露参数研究

段小丽 王宗爽 王贝贝 李屹 聂静 于云江 张金良

段小丽, 王宗爽, 王贝贝, 李屹, 聂静, 于云江, 张金良. 我国北方某地区居民饮水暴露参数研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2010, 23(9): 1216-1220.
引用本文: 段小丽, 王宗爽, 王贝贝, 李屹, 聂静, 于云江, 张金良. 我国北方某地区居民饮水暴露参数研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2010, 23(9): 1216-1220.
DUAN Xiao li, WANG Zong shuang, WANG Bei bei, LI Yi, NIE Jing, YU Yun jiang, ZHANG Jin liang. Drinking Water Related Exposure Factors in a Typical Area of Northern China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2010, 23(9): 1216-1220.
Citation: DUAN Xiao li, WANG Zong shuang, WANG Bei bei, LI Yi, NIE Jing, YU Yun jiang, ZHANG Jin liang. Drinking Water Related Exposure Factors in a Typical Area of Northern China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2010, 23(9): 1216-1220.

我国北方某地区居民饮水暴露参数研究

基金项目: 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项(2007KYYW13);国家环保公益性行业科研专项(200809101);环境保护部项目〔EH(2010)-12-02〕

Drinking Water Related Exposure Factors in a Typical Area of Northern China

  • 摘要: 饮水率是决定人体对水中污染物暴露和健康风险评估准确性的关键暴露参数之一,但我国至今没有其公开的调查结果,更未发布过与其相关的参数手册.采用问卷调查和实际测量的方法,对我国北方某地区城、乡2 500名居民的夏、秋季节直接饮水和食物间接饮水的特征进行了研究,并与国外情况进行了对比分析.结果表明:该地区男性、女性和全体被调查者饮水率平均值分别为2 852.8,2 586.4和2 720.5 mL/d,各年龄段居民的食物间接饮水率都明显大于直接饮水率,在总饮水率中间接饮水率所占比例平均值达到62.4%;全体被调查者直接饮水率比美国和日本分别高36.0%和54.0%.开展饮水健康风险评价时,应考虑城、乡人群的差异,且不可忽略间接饮用水的影响,采用国外的饮水率将可能增加风险的不确定性.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-03-25
  • 修回日期:  2010-05-18
  • 刊出日期:  2010-09-25

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