留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

几种表面活性剂对柴油及多环芳烃的增溶作用

李 果 毛华军 巩宗强 孙翼飞 周从直 方振东

李 果, 毛华军, 巩宗强, 孙翼飞, 周从直, 方振东. 几种表面活性剂对柴油及多环芳烃的增溶作用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24(7): 775-780.
引用本文: 李 果, 毛华军, 巩宗强, 孙翼飞, 周从直, 方振东. 几种表面活性剂对柴油及多环芳烃的增溶作用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24(7): 775-780.
LI Guo, MAO Hua-jun, GONG Zong-qiang, SUN Yi-fei, ZHOU Cong-zhi, FANG Zhen-dong. Solubilization of Diesel and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Certain Kinds of Surfactants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(7): 775-780.
Citation: LI Guo, MAO Hua-jun, GONG Zong-qiang, SUN Yi-fei, ZHOU Cong-zhi, FANG Zhen-dong. Solubilization of Diesel and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Certain Kinds of Surfactants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(7): 775-780.

几种表面活性剂对柴油及多环芳烃的增溶作用

基金项目: 国家高技术研究发展计划(863)项目(2008AA06Z331); 国家自然科学基金项目(20707030)

Solubilization of Diesel and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Certain Kinds of Surfactants

  • 摘要: 研究表面活性剂在多种柴油HOCs(疏水性有机物)组分共存条件下对PAHs(多环芳烃)的增溶作用.选用阴离子表面活性剂LAS(十二烷基苯磺酸钠)和SDS(十二烷基硫酸钠),非离子表面活性剂TX 100(曲拉通X-100)和TW 80(吐温80)及生物表面活性剂鼠李糖脂和烷基糖苷,评价表面活性剂对柴油的增溶效果,并筛选出LAS,TX 100和鼠李糖脂,进行柴油中PAHs的增溶试验.结果表明,表面活性剂对柴油增溶作用顺序为鼠李糖脂> TX 100 >烷基糖苷> TW 80> LAS>SDS.在多种柴油组分共存条件下,PAHs的表观溶解度与表面活性剂浓度具有良好的线性关系.表面活性剂对柴油中PAHs的增溶作用顺序为鼠李糖脂> TX 100 > LAS.鼠李糖脂具有较低的临界胶束浓度和较复杂的分子结构,能够形成更多、更大的胶束,有利于柴油及PAHs的增溶.

     

  • [1] SHIN K,KIM K.A biosurfactant-enhanced soil flushing for the removal of phenanthrene and diesel in sand[J].Environmental Geochemistry and Health,2004,26(1):5-11.
    [2] FREEMAN D,CATTELL F.Woodburning as a source of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons[J].Environ Sci Technol,1990,24(10):1581-1585.
    [3] BENNER JR B,BRYNER N,WISE S, et al.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emissions from the combustion of crude oil on water[J].Environ Sci Technol,1990,24(9):1418-1427.
    [4] SIMS R,OVERCASH M.Fate of polynuclear aromatic compounds (PNAs) in soil-plant systems[J].Residue Reviews:Germany FR,1983,81(3):229-249.
    [5] 宋玉芳,许华夏,任丽萍.两种植物条件下土壤中矿物油和多环芳烃(PAHs)的生物修复研究[J].应用生态学报,2001,12(1):108-112.
    [6] MEUDEC A,DUSSAUZE J,JOURDIN M,et al.Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon analysis in plant biota[J].Journal of Chromatography A,2006,1108(2):240-247.
    [7] CHU W,KWAN C.Remediation of contaminated soil by a solvent/surfactant system[J].Chemosphere,2003,53(1):9-15.
    [8] DESHPANDE S,WESSON L,WADE D,et al.Dowfax surfactant components for enhancing contaminant solubilization[J].Water Res,2000,34(3):1030-1036.
    [9] MULLIGAN C N,YONG R N,GIBBS B F.Surfactant-enhanced remediation of contaminated soil:a review[J].Engineering Geology,2001,60(1/2/3/4):371-380.
    [10] 王海涛,朱琨,魏翔,等.腐殖酸钠和表面活性剂对黄土中石油污染物解吸增溶作用[J].安全与环境学报,2004,4(4):2-55.
    [11] 李隋,赵勇胜,徐巍,等.吐温 80对硝基苯的增溶作用和无机电解质作用机理研究[J].环境科学,2008,29(4):920-924.
    [12] 马满英,刘有势,施周.生物与化学表面活性剂对多氯联苯的协同增溶作用[J].生态环境,2008,17(2):466-470.
    [13] HAN M,JI G,NI J.Washing of field weathered crude oil contaminated soil with an environmentally compatible surfactant,alkyl polyglucoside[J].Chemosphere,2009,76(5):579-586.
    [14] ZHU L,FENG S.Synergistic solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by mixed anionic-nonionic surfactants[J].Chemosphere,2003,53(5):459-467.
    [15] GUHA S,JAFFE P R,PETERS C A.Solubilization of PAH mixtures by a nonionic surfactant[J].Environ Sci Technol,1998,32(7):930-935.
    [16] PRAK D J L,PRITCHARD P H.Solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures in micellar nonionic surfactant solutions[J].Water Res,2002,36(14):3463-3472.
    [17] 支银芳,陈家军,杨官光,等.表面活性剂溶液清洗油污土壤试验研究[J].土壤,2007,39(2):252-256.
    [18] BORDAS F,LAFRANCE P,VILLEMUR R.Conditions for effective removal of pyrene from an artificially contaminated soil using 57SJ rhamnolipids[J].Environ Pollut,2005,138(1):69-76.
    [19] 马满英.鼠李糖脂洗脱土壤中多氯联苯影响因素的研究[J].环境工程学报,2008,2(1):83-87.
    [20] 朱玫,许嘉琳.水-油-表面活性剂体系中油含量测量方法的改进[J].重庆环境科学,1996,18(5):42-44.
    [21] EDWARDS D,LUTHY R,LIU Z.Solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in micellar nonionic surfactant solutions[J].Environ Sci Technol,1991,25(1):127-133.
    [22] ABOUSEOUD M,YATAGHENE A,AMRANE A,et al.Effect of pH and salinity on the emulsifying capacity and naphthalene solubility of a biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens[J].J Hazard Mater,2010,180(1/2/3):131-136.
    [23] 董雯娟,赵保卫,蒋兵,等.阴-非混合表面活性剂对DNAPLs的增溶作用[J].安全与环境学报,2007,7(2):24-28.
    [24] 韩梅,籍国东,倪晋仁.无机盐强化烷基多苷清洗石油污染土壤的机理[J].物理化学学报,2009,25(10):2026-2033.
    [25] CLIFFORD J,IOANNIDIS M,LEGGE R.Enhanced aqueous solubilization of tetrachloroethylene by a rhamnolipid biosurfactant[J].Journal of Colloid and Interface Science,2007,305(2):361-365.
    [26] URUM K,GRIGSON S,PEKDEMIR T,et al.A comparison of the efficiency of different surfactants for removal of crude oil from contaminated soils[J].Chemosphere,2006,62(9):1403-1410.
    [27] BAI G,BRUSSEAU M,MILLER R.Influence of cation type,ionic strength,and pH on solubilization and mobilization of residual hydrocarbon by a biosurfactant[J].Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,1998,30(3/4):265-279.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1913
  • HTML全文浏览量:  8
  • PDF下载量:  196
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-10-23
  • 修回日期:  2011-02-24
  • 刊出日期:  2011-07-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回