留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

珠江入海口水体中多氯联苯的分布特征及其来源分析

管玉峰 岳 强 涂秀云 吴宏海

管玉峰, 岳 强, 涂秀云, 吴宏海. 珠江入海口水体中多氯联苯的分布特征及其来源分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24(8): 865-872.
引用本文: 管玉峰, 岳 强, 涂秀云, 吴宏海. 珠江入海口水体中多氯联苯的分布特征及其来源分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24(8): 865-872.
GUAN Yu-feng, YUE Qiang, TU Xiu-yun, WU Hong-hai. Distribution and Sources of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Riverine Water of the Outlets of the Pearl River Delta[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(8): 865-872.
Citation: GUAN Yu-feng, YUE Qiang, TU Xiu-yun, WU Hong-hai. Distribution and Sources of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Riverine Water of the Outlets of the Pearl River Delta[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(8): 865-872.

珠江入海口水体中多氯联苯的分布特征及其来源分析

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41003050);中国科学院广州地球化学研究所有机地球化学国家重点实验室项目(OGL-200904)

Distribution and Sources of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Riverine Water of the Outlets of the Pearl River Delta

  • 摘要: 为评估珠江三角洲水体中PCBs(多氯联苯)的污染水平及其生态环境影响,于2005年3月—2006年2月,采集并分析了珠江八大入海口水体中PCBs的残留状况. 结果显示,珠江八大入海口水体中ρ(PCBs)为0.19~7.04 ng/L,其中三氯联苯和四氯联苯占PCBs总量的70%以上,约40%的水样(主要为7—12月样品)ρ(PCBs)高于或接近我国《地表水环境质量标准》(GB 3838—2002)的限值(2 ng/L). 组成分析及主成分分析结果表明,珠江入海口水体中PCBs的分布特征与我国#1PCBs及国外Aroclor 1242和Aroclor 1016产品相近,低氯产品#1PCBs及Aroclor 1242和Aroclor 1016可能是水体中PCBs污染的主要来源,而废弃电容器、沉积物再悬浮、大气沉降及废水处理厂排放等输入源是水体的重要贡献者.

     

  • [1] BREIVIK K,SWEETMAN A,PACYNA J M,et al.Towards a global historical emission inventory for selected PCB congeners: a mass balance approach:1.global production and consumption[J].Sci Total Environ,2002,290(1/2/3):181-198.
    [2] 金重阳,郑玉峰,黄相国,等.国内持久性有机污染物的污染现状与对策建议[J].环境保护科学,2002(3):30-31.
    [3] JAWARDF M,ZHANG G,NAM J J,et al.Passive air sampling of polychlorinated biphenyls,organochlorine compounds,and polybrominated diphenyl ethers across Asia[J].Environ Sci Technol,2005,39(22):8638-8645.
    [4] 陈来国,蔡信德,黄玉妹,等.废弃电容器封存点多氯联苯的含量和分布特征[J].中国环境科学,2008,28(9):833-837.
    [5] HAN W,FENG J,GU Z,et al.Polychlorinated biphenyls in the atmosphere of Taizhou,a major e-waste dismantling area in China[J].J Environ Sci,2010,22(4):589-597.
    [6] XING Y,LU Y,DAWSON R W,et al.A spatial temporal assessment of pollution from PCBs in China[J].Chemosphere,2005,60(6):731-739.
    [7] GUAN Y F,WANG J Z,NI H G,et al.Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in riverine runoff of the Pearl River Delta,China: assessment of mass loading,input source and environmental fate[J].Environ Pollut,2009,157(2):618-624.
    [8] MAI B X,ZENG E Y,LUO X J,et al.Abundances,depositional fluxes,and homologue patterns of polychlorinated biphenyls in dated sediment cores from the Pearl River Delta,China[J].Environ Sci Technol,2005,39(1):49-56.
    [9] CHEN M Y,YU M,LUO X J,et al.The factors controlling the partitioning of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polychlorinated biphenyls in the water-column of the Pearl River Estuary in South China[J].Mar Pollut Bull,2011,62(1):29-35.
    [10] ZHOU W,ZHAI Z,WANG Z,et al.Estimation of n-octanol/water partition coefficients (KOW) of all PCB congeners by density functional theory[J].Journal of Molecular Structure:THEOCHEM,2005,755(1/2/3):137-145.
    [11] GEVAO B,HAMILTON-TAYLOR J,MURDOCH C J,et al.Depositional time trends and remobilization of PCBs in lake sediments[J].Environ Sci Technol,1997,31(10):3274-3280.
    [12] KANG Y H,SHENG G Y,FU J M,et al.Polychlorinated biphenyls in surface sediments from the Pearl River Delta and Macau[J].Mar Pollut Bull,2000,40(9):794-797.
    [13] 罗慧,王新红,汤丽,等.中国部分沿海海域水体中溶解态有机氯农药和多氯联苯的残留分布特征[J].海洋环境科学,2010,29(1):115-120.
    [14] 孙振中,戚隽渊,曾智超,等.长江口九段沙水域环境及生物体内多氯联苯分布[J].环境科学研究,2008,21(3):92-97.
    [15] 张祖麟,陈伟琪,哈里德,等.九龙江口水体中多氯联苯的研究[J].云南环境科学,2000,19(S1):124-126.
    [16] 谭培功,赵仕兰,曾宪杰,等.莱州湾海域水体中有机氯农药和多氯联苯的浓度水平和分布特征[J].中国海洋大学学报,2006,36(3):439-446.
    [17] ZHOU J L,MASKAOUI K,QIU Y W,et al.Polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and organochlorine insecticides in the water column and sediments of Daya Bay,China[J].Environ Pollut,2001,113(3):373-384.
    [18] 蒋新,许士奋, MARTENS D,等.长江南京段水、悬浮物及沉积物中多氯有毒有机污染物[J].中国环境科学,2000,20(3):193-197.
    [19] 裴国霞,张岩,马太玲,等.黄河内蒙古段水体中六六六和多氯联苯的分布特征[J].水资源与水工程学报,2010,21(4):25-28.
    [20] 聂湘平,蓝崇钰,栾天罡,等.珠江广州段水体、沉积物及底栖生物中的多氯联苯[J].中国环境科学,2001,21(5):417-421.
    [21] NIE X P,LAN C Y,WEI T L,et al.Distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in the water,sediment and fish from the Pearl River estuary,China[J].Mar Pollut Bull,2005,50(5):537-546.
    [22] WANG J,BI Y,PFISTER G,HENKELMANN B,et al.Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD)[J].Chemosphere,2009,75(8):1119-1127.
    [23] WURL O,OBBARD J P,LAM P K S.Distribution of organochlorines in the dissolved and suspended phase of the sea-surface microlayer and seawater in Hong Kong,China[J].Mar Pollut Bull,2006,52(7):768-777.
    [24] JIANG K,LI L,CHEN Y,et al.Determination of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs in Chinese commercial PCBs and emissions from a testing PCB incinerator[J].Chemosphere,1997,34(5/6/7):941-950.
    [25] 降巧龙,周海燕,徐殿斗,等.国产变压器油中多氯联苯及其异构体分布特征[J].中国环境科学,2007,27(5):608-612.
    [26] ZHANG H,LI X,LUO Y,et al.Depth distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of the Yangtze River Delta region,China[J].Geoderma,2011,160(3/4):408-413.
    [27] WU S,XIA X,YANG L,et al.Distribution,source and risk assessment of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in urban soils of Beijing,China[J].Chemosphere,2011,82(5):732-738.
    [28] 张雪莲,骆永明,滕应,等.长江三角洲某电子垃圾拆解区土壤中多氯联苯的残留特征[J].土壤,2009,41(4):588-593.
    [29] LEUNG A,CAI Z W,WONG M H.Environmental contamination from electronic waste recycling at Guiyu, southeast China[J].Journal of Materials Cycles and Waste Manage,2006,8(1):21-33.
    [30] PAN J,YANG Y,GENG C,et al.Polychlorinated biphenyls,polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in marine and lacustrine sediments from the Shandong Peninsula,China[J].J Hazard Mater,2010,176(1/2/3):274-279.
    [31] LI H,BAI J,LI Y,et al.Short-range transport of contaminants released from e-waste recycling site in South China[J].J Environ Monit,2011,13(4):836-843.
    [32] GUO L,ZHANG B,XIAO K,et al.Levels and distributions of polychlorinated biphenyls in sewage sludge of urban waste water treatment plants[J].J Environ Sci,2009,21(4):468-473.
    [33] WU J,TENG M,GAO L,et al.Background air levels of polychlorinated biphenyls in China[J].Sci Total Environ,2011,409(10):1818-1823.
    [34] 中国国家统计局.广东省统计年鉴2010[M].北京:中国统计出版社,2010.
    [35] CACHADA A,LOPES L V,HURSTHOUSE A S,et al.The variability of polychlorinated biphenyls levels in urban soils from five European cities[J].Environ Pollut,2009,157(2):511-518.
    [36] ZHANG H B,LUO Y M,WONG M H,et al.Concentrations and possible sources of polychlorinated biphenyls in the soils of Hong Kong[J].Geoderma,2007,138(3/4):244-251.
    [37] CHEN L G,PENG X C,HUANG Y M,et al.Polychlorinated biphenyls in the atmosphere of an urban city: levels,distribution,and emissions[J].Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,2009,57(3):437-446.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1969
  • HTML全文浏览量:  20
  • PDF下载量:  143
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-03-14
  • 修回日期:  2011-06-17
  • 刊出日期:  2011-08-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回