留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

胜利油田油井开采时间对土壤线虫群落的影响

肖能文 谢德燕 李俊生 王学霞 闫春红 罗建武 胡理乐

肖能文, 谢德燕, 李俊生, 王学霞, 闫春红, 罗建武, 胡理乐. 胜利油田油井开采时间对土壤线虫群落的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24(9): 1008-1015.
引用本文: 肖能文, 谢德燕, 李俊生, 王学霞, 闫春红, 罗建武, 胡理乐. 胜利油田油井开采时间对土壤线虫群落的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011, 24(9): 1008-1015.
XIAO Neng-wen, XIE De-yan, LI Jun-sheng, WANG Xue-xia, YAN Chun-hong, LUO Jian-wu, HU Li-le. Effect of Time Duration of Oil Well Exploitation on Soil Nematode Communities in Shengli Oilfield[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(9): 1008-1015.
Citation: XIAO Neng-wen, XIE De-yan, LI Jun-sheng, WANG Xue-xia, YAN Chun-hong, LUO Jian-wu, HU Li-le. Effect of Time Duration of Oil Well Exploitation on Soil Nematode Communities in Shengli Oilfield[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(9): 1008-1015.

胜利油田油井开采时间对土壤线虫群落的影响

基金项目: 国家“十一五”科技支撑重点项目(2008BAC43B01,2008BAC43B02)

Effect of Time Duration of Oil Well Exploitation on Soil Nematode Communities in Shengli Oilfield

  • 摘要: 选择胜利油田不同开采时间的油井,研究石油开采对土壤线虫的影响.试验共鉴定出土壤线虫18科39属,其中食细菌线虫23属、食真菌线虫2属、植物寄生线虫9属、杂食/捕食线虫5属.食细菌类线虫数量所占比例最大,达56.36%,其次为食植物类、杂食/捕食类和食真菌类线虫.优势类群为盆咽属(Panagrolaimus)、头叶属(Cephalobus)、真头叶属(Eucephalobus).石油开采时间影响土壤线虫数量与植食性线虫数量,同时还影响线虫群落植物寄生线虫成熟指数(PPI),与开采时间显著相关的线虫有13个属.受石油开采干扰土壤的线虫主要是c-p 1和c-p 2类群.油井开采时间与土壤中w(总石油烃)的相关性不显著,土壤中w(总石油烃)影响线虫成熟指数(MI),而盘旋属(Rotylenchus)数量受石油烃影响较大.

     

  • [1] 刘五星,骆永明,滕应,等.石油污染土壤的生态风险评价和生物修复:Ⅱ.石油污染土壤的理化性质和微生物生态变化研究[J].土壤学报,2007,44(5):848-853.
    [2] 李小利,刘国彬,党小虎.落地石油量对黄土丘陵区撂荒草地植物群落的影响[J].草地学报,2008,16(2):164-169.
    [3] YEATES G W,BONGERS T.Feeding habits in soil nematode families and genera-an out line for soil ecologists[J].Nematol,1993,25:315-331.
    [4] BONGERS T.The Maturity Index:an ecological measure of environmental disturbance based on nematode species composition[J].Oecologia,1990,83(1):14-19.
    [5] 凌斌,肖启明,戈峰,等.云南省高黎贡山土壤线虫群落结构及多样性[J].湖南农业大学学报,2008,34(3):341-346.
    [6] SUN Q,LU X J,LIANG C H.Progress on contamination of soils by petroleum[J].Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University,2002,33(5):390-393.
    [7] HAN D C,ZHANG X K,TOMAR V V S,et al.Effects of heavy metal pollution of highway origin on soil nematode guilds in North Shenyang,China[J].Journal of Environmental Sciences,2009,21(2):193-198.
    [8] BLAKELY J K,NEHER D A,SPONGBERG A L.Soil invertebrate and microbial communities,and decomposition as indicators of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination[J].Applied Soil Ecology,2002,21:71-88.
    [9] FERRIS H,BONGERS T,de GOEDE R G M.A framework for soil food web diagnostics:extension of the nematode faunal analysis concept[J].Applied Soil Ecology,2001,18(1):13-29.
    [10] YEATES G W.Nematodes as soil indicators:functional and biodiversity aspects[J].Biol Fert Soils,2003,37(4):199-210.
    [11] CHEN X Y,DANIELL T J,NEILSON R,et al.A comparison of molecular methods for monitoring soil nematodes and their use as biological indicators[J].European Journal of Soil Biology,2010,46(5):319-324.
    [12] 邢尚军,郗金标,张建锋,等.黄河三角洲植被基本特征及其主要类型[J].东北林业大学学报,2003,31(6):85-86.
    [13] 李迪强,张于光.自然保护区资源调查与标本采集整理共享技术规程[M].北京:中国大地出版社,2009:129-136.
    [14] GOODEY T,GOODEY J B.Soil and fresh water nematodes[M].New York:John Wiley & Sons Inc.,1963.
    [15] 尹文英.中国土壤动物检索图鉴[M].北京:科学出版社,1998.
    [16] 刘维志.植物线虫志[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2004.
    [17] NEHER D A.Role of nematodes in soil health and their use as indicator[J].Journal of Nematology,2001,33:161-168.
    [18] WEAVER W,SHANNON C E.The mathematical theory of communication[M].Urbana,Illinois:University of Illinois,1949:117.
    [19] PIELOU E C.Mathematical ecology[M].New York:John Wiley & Sons Inc.,1975.
    [20] SIMPSON E H.Measurement of diversity[J].Nat,1949,163:688.
    [21] BONGERS T,BONGERS M.Functional diversity of nematodes[J].Applied Soil Ecology,1998,10(3):239-251.
    [22] WANG K H,MCSORLEY R,GALLAHER R N.Relationship of soil management history and nutrient status to nematode community structure[J].Nematropica,2004,34:83-95.
    [23] BLOEMERS G F,HODDA M,LAMBSHEAD P J D.The effects of forest disturbance on diversity of tropical soil nematodes[J].Oecologia,1997,111:575-582.
    [24] VENETTE R C,FERRIS H.Thermal constraints to population growth of bacterial-feeding nematodes[J].Soil Biology and Biochemistry,1997,29:63-74.
    [25] 侯本栋,马风云,吴海燕,等.黄河三角洲不同演替阶段湿地土壤线虫的群落特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(2):202-206.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1486
  • HTML全文浏览量:  8
  • PDF下载量:  111
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-11-15
  • 修回日期:  2011-03-25
  • 刊出日期:  2011-09-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回