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基于改进输出系数法的矿区重金属面源污染负荷核算模型

茆峰 苏馈足 康加廷 冯宇 江鸿 甄宏

茆峰, 苏馈足, 康加廷, 冯宇, 江鸿, 甄宏. 基于改进输出系数法的矿区重金属面源污染负荷核算模型[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(2): 207-211.
引用本文: 茆峰, 苏馈足, 康加廷, 冯宇, 江鸿, 甄宏. 基于改进输出系数法的矿区重金属面源污染负荷核算模型[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(2): 207-211.
MAO Feng, SU Kui-zu, KANG Jia-ting, FENG Yu, JIANG Hong, ZHEN Hong. Research on Heavy Metal Load Accounting in Mining Areas Using Improved Export Coefficient Method[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(2): 207-211.
Citation: MAO Feng, SU Kui-zu, KANG Jia-ting, FENG Yu, JIANG Hong, ZHEN Hong. Research on Heavy Metal Load Accounting in Mining Areas Using Improved Export Coefficient Method[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(2): 207-211.

基于改进输出系数法的矿区重金属面源污染负荷核算模型

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07528-006-01)

Research on Heavy Metal Load Accounting in Mining Areas Using Improved Export Coefficient Method

  • 摘要: 借鉴农业面源污染负荷核算研究成果,结合我国实际情况,以输出系数法为基础,提出矿区面源污染负荷核算模型.考虑重金属污染的来源和特点,将矿山地区的土地类型分为尾矿库区、降尘污染区、运输污染区和自然土地4类,分别计算各类型土地的输出系数.考虑到重金属在水中的溶出率影响,在模型中引入了溶出率因子,以构建适应矿区流域的重金属非点源污染负荷核算模型,并用该模型对浑河流域重金属面源负荷进行了估算.结果表明:矿山地区重金属污染主要来自运输污染区和自然土地,占总污染负荷的77%左右.从模拟过程和模拟结果可知,面源污染负荷核算模型所需原始资料较少,参数计算较方便,是计算矿山地区重金属面源污染负荷的可靠方法.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2012-02-25

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