留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

兰州市大气主要污染物环境与健康风险评价

于云江 王琼 张艳平 何焱 林海鹏 孙朋 刘紫恩

于云江, 王琼, 张艳平, 何焱, 林海鹏, 孙朋, 刘紫恩. 兰州市大气主要污染物环境与健康风险评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(7): 751-756.
引用本文: 于云江, 王琼, 张艳平, 何焱, 林海鹏, 孙朋, 刘紫恩. 兰州市大气主要污染物环境与健康风险评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(7): 751-756.
YU Yun-jiang, WANG Qiong, ZHANG Yan-ping, HE Yan, LIN Hai-peng, SUN Peng, LIU Zi-en. Environment and Health Risk Assessment of Primary Air Pollutants in Lanzhou City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(7): 751-756.
Citation: YU Yun-jiang, WANG Qiong, ZHANG Yan-ping, HE Yan, LIN Hai-peng, SUN Peng, LIU Zi-en. Environment and Health Risk Assessment of Primary Air Pollutants in Lanzhou City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(7): 751-756.

兰州市大气主要污染物环境与健康风险评价

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(200909101);国家自然科学基金项目(21177119)

Environment and Health Risk Assessment of Primary Air Pollutants in Lanzhou City

  • 摘要: 为了解兰州市大气污染现状,评价其环境质量和健康风险,选择兰州市污染较重的西固区和污染较轻的榆中县为研究区域,定位监测并分析颗粒物、SO2和NOx等大气主要污染物的分布特征,采用环境空气质量指数法评价兰州市大气污染现状,重点分析颗粒物的构成特征和健康风险. 结果表明:兰州市大气污染物分布呈明显的季节性、区域性特点;大气颗粒物MMD(质量中值直径)在3.2~7.9 μm之间,属细颗粒型;西固区环境空气质量指数及污染水平普遍高于榆中县,其中位于西固区的西固第二小学采样点污染较为严重,污染水平为五级,需要采取控制措施;兰州市15 m大气高度PM10的健康风险高于30和1.5 m,兰州市PM2.5和PM10的健康风险属于可接受风险范围.

     

  • [1] 柴发合,陈义珍,文毅,等.区域大气污染物总量控制技术与示范研究.环境科学研究,6,9(4):163-171.
    [2] BYRD T,STACK M,FUREY A.The assessment of the presence and main constituents of particulate matter ten microns (PM10) in Irish, rural and urban air.Atmos Environ,0,4(1):75-87.
    [3] MASSOUD R,SHIHADEH A L,ROUMI M,et al.Intraurban variability of PM10 and PM2.5 in an Eastern Mediterranean city.Atmos Res,1,1(4):893-901.
    [4] WANG Shuxiao,WEI Wei,LI Du,et al.Air pollutants in rural homes in Guizhou,China:concentrations,speciation,and size distribution.Atmos Environ,0,4(36):4575-4581.
    [5] MENG Zhaoyang,XU Xiaobin,WANG Tao,et al.Ambient sulfur dioxide,nitrogen dioxide,and ammonia at ten background and rural sites in China during 2007-2008.Atmos Environ,0,4(21):2625-2631.
    [6] WANG Hailin,ZHUANG Yahui,WANG Ying,et al.Long-term monitoring and source apportionment of PM2.5/PM10 in Beijing,China.J Environ Sci,8,0(11):1323-1327.
    [7] GULLIVER J,BRIGGS D.STEMS-air:a simple GIS-based air pollution dispersion model for city-wide exposure assessment.Sci Total Environ,1,9(12):2419-2429.
    [8] PARK S,LEE Y.Regional model of EKC for air pollution:evidence from the Republic of Korea.Energy Policy,1,9(10):5840-5849.
    [9] ELBIR T.A GIS based decision support system for estimation,visualization and analysis of air pollution for large Turkish cities.Atmos Environ,4,8(27):4509-4517.
    [10] CHIRINO Y I,SNCHEZ-PREZ Y,OSORNIO-VARGAS R,et al.PM10 impairs the antioxidant defense system and exacerbates oxidative stress driven cell death.Toxicology Letters,0,3(3):209-216.
    [11] DADVAND P,RANKIN J,RUSHTON S,et al.Ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease:a register-based study.Environ Res,1,1(3):435-441.
    [12] LIAO Chungmin,HSIEH N H,CHIO C P.Fluctuation analysis-based risk assessment for respiratory virus activity and air pollution associated asthma incidence.Sci Total Environ,1,9(18):3325-3333.
    [13] FISCHER P H,MARRA M,AMELING C B,et al.Trends in relative risk estimates for the association between air pollution and mortality in The Netherlands,1992-2006.Environ Res,1,1(1):94-100.
    [14] CHEN Renjie,PAN Guowei,KAN Haidong,et al.Ambient air pollution and daily mortality in Anshan,China:a time-stratified case-crossover analysis.Sci Total Environ,0,8(24):6086-6091.
    [15] LEE Y L,WANG Wenhua,LU C W,et al.Effects of ambient air pollution on pulmonary function among schoolchildren.International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health,1,4(5):369-375.
    [16] NAMDEO A,TIWARY A,FARROW E.Estimation of age-related vulnerability to air pollution:assessment of respiratory health at local scale.Environ Intern,1,7(5):829-837.
    [17] CAKMAK S,DALES R E,RUBIO M A,et al.The risk of dying on days of higher air pollution among the socially disadvantaged elderly.Environ Res,1,1(3):388-393.
    [18] 张宁,李利平,董继元,等.1990与2007年兰州冬季大气气溶胶中水溶性离子浓度比较.环境科学研究,0,3(5):647-652.
    [19] 曲青林,曹爱霞,刘学录.兰州市土地利用生态安全评价.环境科学研究,9,2(6):753-756.
    [20] 王希波,马安青,安兴琴.兰州市主要大气污染物浓度季节变化时空特征分析.中国环境监测,7,3(4):61-64.
    [21] 安兴琴,马安青,王惠林.基于GIS的兰州市大气污染空间分析.干旱区地理,6,9(4):576-581.
    [22] WANG Shigong,FENG Xinyuan,ZENG Xiaoqing,et al.A study on variations of concentrations of particulate matter with different sizes in Lanzhou,China.Atmos Environ,9,3:2823-2828.
    [23] ZHANG Lei,CHEN Changhe,MURILIS J.Study on winter air pollution control in Lanzhou,China.Water Air Soil Pollut,1,7(1/2/3/4):351-372.
    [24] CHU P C,CHEN Yuchun,LU Shihua.Atmospheric effects on winter SO2 pollution in Lanzhou,China.Atmos Res,8,9(4):365-373.
    [25] ZHANG Junfeng,HU Wei,WEI Fusheng,et al.Long-term changes in air pollution and health implications in four Chinese cities.Energy for Sustainable Development,5,9(3):67-76.
    [26] QIAN Zhengmin,CHAPMAN R S,HU Wei,et al.Using air pollution based community clusters to explore air pollution health effects in children.Environ Intern,4,0(5):611-620.
    [27] 肖正辉,邵龙义,张宁,等.兰州市大气PM10健康影响效应的可预报性探讨.环境科学研究,1,4(6):654-658.
    [28] 韦春.兰州西固区域环境城市空气质量的污染特征.环境监测管理与技术,8,0(3):28-30.
    [29] 张远航,邵可生,唐孝炎,等.中国城市光化学烟雾污染研究.北京大学学报:自然科学版,8,4(2/3):392-400.
    [30] 张军,陈英,程文仕,等.榆中县土地利用的景观格局分析.甘肃农业科技,2008(6):3-8.
    [31] 于云江,徐顺清,谢满廷,等.环境污染的健康风险评估与管理技术.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2011:70-128.
    [32] DENG W J,LOUIE P K K,LIU W K,et al.Atmospheric levels and cytotoxicity of PAHs and heavy metals in TSP and PM2.5 at an electronic waste recycling site in southeast China.Atmos Environ,6,0(36):6945-6955.
    [33] WHO.Air quality guidelines global update[M/OL].Copenhagen:WHO,2006[2012-03-10].http://www.euro.who.int/_data/assets/pdf_file/0005/78638/ E90038.pdf.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1881
  • HTML全文浏览量:  13
  • PDF下载量:  180
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-10-28
  • 修回日期:  2012-03-23
  • 刊出日期:  2012-07-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回