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河流流域生态安全综合评估方法

张松 郭怀成 盛虎 向男

张松, 郭怀成, 盛虎, 向男. 河流流域生态安全综合评估方法[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(7): 826-832.
引用本文: 张松, 郭怀成, 盛虎, 向男. 河流流域生态安全综合评估方法[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(7): 826-832.
ZHANG Song, GUO Huai-cheng, SHENG Hu, XIANG Nan. Methodological Framework for Integrated Ecological Security Assessment of River Basins[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(7): 826-832.
Citation: ZHANG Song, GUO Huai-cheng, SHENG Hu, XIANG Nan. Methodological Framework for Integrated Ecological Security Assessment of River Basins[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(7): 826-832.

河流流域生态安全综合评估方法

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07102-001)

Methodological Framework for Integrated Ecological Security Assessment of River Basins

  • 摘要: 在国内外生态安全相关研究的基础上,提出了河流流域生态安全的定义. 以河流流域生态安全为研究对象,基于DPSIR(驱动力-压力-状态-影响-响应)模型框架,构建了评估指标体系,并利用多准则群体决策模型的层次分析法和熵权法确定指标权重. 以晋城市沁河流域为例,对该流域2005─2009年生态安全状况进行了综合评估. 结果表明:5年内沁河流域的生态安全综合指数从2005年的0.487升至2009年的0.641,状态从“安全”区域底部逐步提升到顶部,人均GDP增长、单位工业产值CODCr和NH3-N排放强度的降低、污水处理厂投入使用和环保投资的逐年增加是影响其变化的关键因素.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-09-26
  • 修回日期:  2012-02-13
  • 刊出日期:  2012-07-25

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