留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于硅藻完整性指数的辽河上游水质生物学评价

李国忱 汪星 刘录三 李法云 李黎 李霞

李国忱, 汪星, 刘录三, 李法云, 李黎, 李霞. 基于硅藻完整性指数的辽河上游水质生物学评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(8): 852-858.
引用本文: 李国忱, 汪星, 刘录三, 李法云, 李黎, 李霞. 基于硅藻完整性指数的辽河上游水质生物学评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(8): 852-858.
LI Guo-chen, WANG Xing, LIU Lu-san, LI Fa-yun, LI Li, LI Xia. Bioassessment of Water Quality Based on Diatom Index of Biotic Integrity in the Upstream of Liaohe River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(8): 852-858.
Citation: LI Guo-chen, WANG Xing, LIU Lu-san, LI Fa-yun, LI Li, LI Xia. Bioassessment of Water Quality Based on Diatom Index of Biotic Integrity in the Upstream of Liaohe River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(8): 852-858.

基于硅藻完整性指数的辽河上游水质生物学评价

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07528-002)

Bioassessment of Water Quality Based on Diatom Index of Biotic Integrity in the Upstream of Liaohe River

  • 摘要: 年9月对辽河上游12个采样点的着生硅藻进行了生物调查,同时测定了ρ(DO)、pH、ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)、ρ(NH3-N)、ρ(CODCr)和ρ(BOD5)等水质参数. 共检测到硅藻16属,以针杆藻属(Synedrasp.)、舟形藻属(Naviculasp.)、异极藻属(Gomphonema sp.)、桥弯藻属(Cymbella sp.)为优势种. 根据硅藻香农多样性指数确定了5个相对清洁采样点和7个受污染采样点,对10个硅藻生物指数进行了辨别力分析和Pearson相关分析. 结果表明,硅藻香农多样性指数、敏感性硅藻百分比和IDP硅藻指数最适合辽河上游的水质生物学评价. 采用5、3、1生物指数记分法统一量纲后,获得变化范围在3~15的D-IBI(硅藻完整性指数). 利用四分法划分辽河流域水质级别的标准,13~15为较好,10~12为一般,7~9为较差,3~6为差,并对12个采样点进行了重新评价,评价结果与水质参数的评价结果一致. 总体看来,该D-IBI基本适宜于评价辽河上游的水质状况. 收稿日期:┣┣(中)收稿日期┫┫2011-12-08修订日期:2012-03-08┣┣(中)修回日期┫┫基金项目:┣┣(中)基金项目┫┫国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07528-002)作者简介:┣┣(中)作者简介┫┫李国忱(1985-),男,辽宁阜新人,liguochen1001@126.com.*责任作者,┣┣(中)通信作者┫┫ 刘录三(1975-),男,山东莒县人,副研究员,博士,主要从事水生生物多样性、生态系统健康评价方面研究,liuls@craes.org.cn

     

  • [1] SOININEN J,KONONEN K.Comparative study of monitoring South-Finnish rivers and streams using macroinvertebrates and benthic diatom community structure.Aquatic Ecology,4,8:63-75.
    [2] FIELD C B,BEHRENFELD M J,RANDERSON J T,et al.Primary production of the biosphere:integrating terrestrial andoceanic components.Science,8,1:237-240.
    [3] BRADSHAW E G,ANDERSON N J,JENSEN J P,et al.Phosphorus dynamics in Danish lakes and the implications for diatom ecology and palaeoecology.Freshwater Biology,2,7:1963-1975.
    [4] FORE L S,GRAFE C.Using diatoms to assess the biological conditionof large rivers in Idaho (U.S.A.).Freshwater Biology,2,7:2015-2037.
    [5] COSTE M.Improvements of the Biological Diatom Index (BDI):description and effciency of the new version (BDI-2006).Ecological Indicators,9,9:621-650.
    [6] JOHN J.Assessment of river health in Australia by diatom assemblages:a review.International Journal of Oceanography and Hydrobiology,4,3(2):95-104.
    [7] 陈锋,邓洪平,王明书,等.嘉陵江小三峡硅藻群落结构及水环境.生态学杂志,9,8(4):648-652.
    [8] 王翠红,梁晓霞,辛晓芸.汾河太原段硅藻种间关联和相关分析.农业环境科学学报,7,6(6):2162-2166.
    [9] ZALACK J T,SMUCKER N J,VIS M L.Development of a diatom index of biotic integrity for acid mine drainage impacted streams.Ecological Indicators,0,0:287-295.
    [10] KARR J R.Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities.Fisheries,1,6(6):21-27.
    [11] KARR J R.Biological integrity:a long-neglected aspect of water resource management.Ecological Application,1,1(1):66-84.
    [12] 马溪平,吕晓飞,张利红,等.辽河流域水质现状评价及其污染源解析.水资源保护,1,7(4):1-4.
    [13] 张婧,王淑秋,谢琰,等.辽河水系表层沉积物中重金属分布及污染特征研究.环境科学,8,9(9):2414-2418.
    [14] BARBOUR M T,GERRITSEN J,SNYDER B D,et al.Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers.Washington DC:US EPA,1999.
    [15] 齐雨藻.中国淡水藻志:第四卷硅藻门(中心纲).北京:科学出版社,1995.
    [16] 齐雨藻,李家英.中国淡水藻志:第十卷硅藻门(羽纹纲).北京:科学出版社,2004.
    [17] 施之新.中国淡水藻志:第十二卷异极藻科.北京:科学出版社,2004.
    [18] BELLINGER B J,COCQUYT C,O''REILLY C M.Benthic diatoms as indicators of eutrophication in tropical streams.Hydrobiologia,6,3:75-87.
    [19] MUSCIO C.The diatom pollution tolerance index:assigning tolerance values.Austin:Watershed Protection & Development Review Department,2002.
    [20] SPELLERBERG I F,FEDOR P J.A tribute to Claude Shannon (1916-2001) and a plea for more rigorous use of species richness,species diversity and the “Shannon-Wiener” Index.Global Ecology and Biogeography,3,2:177-179.
    [21] WU J T,KOW L T.Applicability of ageneric index for diatom assemblages to monitor pollution in the tropical River Tsanwun,Taiwan.Journal of Applied Phycology,2,4:63-69.
    [22] KELLY M G,WHITTON B A.The Trophic Diatom Index:a new index for monitoring eutrophication in rivers.Journal of Applied Phycology,5,7:433-444.
    [23] GOMEZ N,LICURIS M.The Pampean Diatom Index (IDP) for assessment of rivers and streams in Argentina.Aquatic Ecology,1,5:173-181.
    [24] 沈韫芬,章宗涉,龚循矩.微型生物监测新技术.北京:中国建筑工业出版社,1990:128-133.
    [25] MENETREY N,OERTLI B,LACHAVANNE J B.The CIEPT:a macroinvertebrate-based multimetric index for assessing the ecological quality of Swiss lowland ponds.Ecological Indicators,1,1:590-600.
    [26] BUTCHER J T,STEWART P M,SIMON T P.A Benthic Community Index for streams in the Northern Lakes and forests Ecoregion.Ecological Indicators,3,3:181-193.
    [27] OLIVEIRA R B,BAPTISTA D F,MUGNAI R,et al.Towards rapid bioassessment of wadeable streams in Brazil:development of the Guapiacu-Macau Multimetric Index (GMMI) based on benthic macroinvertebrates.Ecological Indicators,1,1:1584-1593.
    [28] 杨红军,袁凌峰,张锦平.着生藻类群落在黄浦江水质监测中的应用.上海环境科学,2,1(11):686-689.
    [29] 丁蕾,支崇远.环境对硅藻的影响及硅藻对环境的监测.贵州师范大学学报:自然科学版,6,4(3):13-16.
    [30] 刘俊琢,张成君.硅藻指数在水环境监测与评价中的应用.环境监测管理与技术,9,1(5):12-16.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2631
  • HTML全文浏览量:  15
  • PDF下载量:  253
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-12-08
  • 修回日期:  2012-03-08
  • 刊出日期:  2012-08-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回