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深圳水环境容量及其承载力评价

邬彬 车秀珍 陈晓丹 谢林伸

邬彬, 车秀珍, 陈晓丹, 谢林伸. 深圳水环境容量及其承载力评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(8): 953-958.
引用本文: 邬彬, 车秀珍, 陈晓丹, 谢林伸. 深圳水环境容量及其承载力评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(8): 953-958.
WU Bin, CHE Xiu-zhen, CHEN Xiao-dan, XIE Lin-shen. Evaluation of Water Environment Capacity and Carrying Capacity in Shenzhen[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(8): 953-958.
Citation: WU Bin, CHE Xiu-zhen, CHEN Xiao-dan, XIE Lin-shen. Evaluation of Water Environment Capacity and Carrying Capacity in Shenzhen[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(8): 953-958.

深圳水环境容量及其承载力评价

基金项目: 深圳市委市政府2009年度重大调研课题

Evaluation of Water Environment Capacity and Carrying Capacity in Shenzhen

  • 摘要: 选取水资源、水环境和社会经济三大系统的19个指标,构建了区域水环境承载力评价指标体系,采用河道一维模型和多极关联评价模型分别对深圳水环境容量及其承载力进行评价. 结果表明:深圳水环境容量CODCr为195 405.3 t/a,NH3-N为6 570.4 t/a;2008年NH3-N排放量超过环境容量的57.2%. 尽管CODCr排放量低于环境容量上限水平,但由于近岸海域水环境容量大,而实际入河排放量远超河流水环境容量,河流污染较为严重,水环境问题突出. 2008年深圳水环境可持续承载度为0.4,水环境承载力处于预警状态,接近危机状态,总体上处于不可持续发展的轨迹上. 结合深圳水环境承载力实际提出的三大对策建议为调整产业结构、加大污染治理力度以及从境外引水.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-08-26
  • 修回日期:  2012-01-22
  • 刊出日期:  2012-08-25

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