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中国环评制度的独特运行机制探讨

胡璇 李丽丽 栾胜基

胡璇, 李丽丽, 栾胜基. 中国环评制度的独特运行机制探讨[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(9): 1065-1070.
引用本文: 胡璇, 李丽丽, 栾胜基. 中国环评制度的独特运行机制探讨[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(9): 1065-1070.
HU Xuan, LI Li-li, LUAN Sheng-ji. Comparative Politics Analysis of the Unique EIA Mechanisms in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(9): 1065-1070.
Citation: HU Xuan, LI Li-li, LUAN Sheng-ji. Comparative Politics Analysis of the Unique EIA Mechanisms in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(9): 1065-1070.

中国环评制度的独特运行机制探讨

基金项目: 中国环境与发展国际合作委员会项目

Comparative Politics Analysis of the Unique EIA Mechanisms in China

  • 摘要: 对比了国内外环境影响评价制度的运行机制发现,发达国家环评制度的有效实施依赖于污染追责制度,而我国环评制度对污染追责制度的依赖性较小,形成了独立发挥作用的运行机制. 我国环评制度的缺陷体现在:①缺乏解决信息成本问题的有效途径;②部门权力边界限制了环境管理的激励约束能力. 据此,建议我国环评制度从2个方向加以改进,一方面完善污染追责制度,建立环评制度对污染追责制度的依赖关系;另一方面,延续过去环评制度的改进方向,继续独立于污染追责制度之外,使环评制度独立、有效地针对项目主体发挥激励和约束作用.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-12-06
  • 修回日期:  2012-05-14
  • 刊出日期:  2012-09-25

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