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我国城市住宅室内空气挥发性有机物污染特征

刘晓途 闫美霖 段恒轶 刘兆荣

刘晓途, 闫美霖, 段恒轶, 刘兆荣. 我国城市住宅室内空气挥发性有机物污染特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(10): 1077-1084.
引用本文: 刘晓途, 闫美霖, 段恒轶, 刘兆荣. 我国城市住宅室内空气挥发性有机物污染特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(10): 1077-1084.
LIU Xiao-tu, YAN Mei-lin, DUAN Heng-yi, LIU Zhao-rong. Characteristics of Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds in Urban Residential Microenvironments in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(10): 1077-1084.
Citation: LIU Xiao-tu, YAN Mei-lin, DUAN Heng-yi, LIU Zhao-rong. Characteristics of Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds in Urban Residential Microenvironments in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(10): 1077-1084.

我国城市住宅室内空气挥发性有机物污染特征

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201009032);国家自然科学基金项目(40905069,41110104015)

Characteristics of Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds in Urban Residential Microenvironments in China

  • 摘要: 通过调研1990年以来我国城市住宅室内空气污染的研究资料,提炼城市住宅室内空气中挥发性有机物的浓度数据,总结甲醛、苯系物等常见住宅室内挥发性有机物的污染水平和分布规律,并且对主要由装修引起的污染物浓度与装修时间的关系进行了探讨. 分析发现,我国城市居民住宅室内普遍呈现以甲醛、苯、二甲苯等污染物为主的装修型污染,甲醛是首要污染物,ρ(甲醛)平均值为0.05~0.61 mg/m3,ρ(苯)、ρ(甲苯)、ρ(二甲苯)、ρ(乙苯)和ρ(TVOC)平均值分别为0.001~0.134、0.003~0.645、0.001~1.012、0.001~0.091和0.11~1.81 mg/m3. 新装修住宅室内空气中各种污染物均呈现较高的浓度水平,除甲醛外,其他挥发性有机物随着竣工时间的推移而快速下降.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-02-10
  • 修回日期:  2012-05-20
  • 刊出日期:  2012-10-25

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