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“三门六科”水质基准最少毒性数据需求原则

刘征涛 王晓南 闫振广 张聪 何丽 孟双双 刘娟娟

刘征涛, 王晓南, 闫振广, 张聪, 何丽, 孟双双, 刘娟娟. “三门六科”水质基准最少毒性数据需求原则[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(12): 1364-1369.
引用本文: 刘征涛, 王晓南, 闫振广, 张聪, 何丽, 孟双双, 刘娟娟. “三门六科”水质基准最少毒性数据需求原则[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(12): 1364-1369.
LIU Zheng-tao, WANG Xiao-nan, YAN Zhen-guang, ZHANG Cong, HE Li, MENG Shuang-shuang, LIU Juan-juan. Discussion of Minimum “3 Phyla and 6 Families” Toxicity Data Requirements for Deriving Water Quality Criteria[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(12): 1364-1369.
Citation: LIU Zheng-tao, WANG Xiao-nan, YAN Zhen-guang, ZHANG Cong, HE Li, MENG Shuang-shuang, LIU Juan-juan. Discussion of Minimum “3 Phyla and 6 Families” Toxicity Data Requirements for Deriving Water Quality Criteria[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(12): 1364-1369.

“三门六科”水质基准最少毒性数据需求原则

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-003-06);中国环境科学研究院改革启动经费专项(2011GQ-02);国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(2011467054)

Discussion of Minimum “3 Phyla and 6 Families” Toxicity Data Requirements for Deriving Water Quality Criteria

  • 摘要: MTDR(最少毒性数据需求)是水质基准推算中数据应用的重要原则. 以重金属Pb2+、Cd2+、Cu2+、Zn2+、Hg2+、Cr6+为例,在广泛搜集物种毒性数据的基础上,通过数据比较分析,初步研究了我国水生生物基准的MTDR. 结果表明:Hg2+、Pb2+和Cu2+基于“三门六科”推导的急性基准值与基于美国“三门八科”MTDR的推算结果相近,分别相差20.5%、25.2%和33.3%;Cd2+、Zn2+和Cr6+的计算结果差别较为明显,表明相对于美国“三门八科”MTDR,在我国生物毒性数据缺乏的情况下,“三门六科”MTDR对于部分污染物基本可行,但仍具有一定的不确定性. “三门六科”包括鲤科、除鲤科外的另一科鱼类(冷水鱼优先)、两栖类、浮游甲壳类、昆虫类和环节动物类.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-08-13
  • 修回日期:  2012-10-26
  • 刊出日期:  2012-12-25

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