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基于环境基尼系数的洞庭湖区水污染总量分配

秦迪岚 韦安磊 卢少勇 罗岳平 廖岳华 易敏 宋冰冰

秦迪岚, 韦安磊, 卢少勇, 罗岳平, 廖岳华, 易敏, 宋冰冰. 基于环境基尼系数的洞庭湖区水污染总量分配[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(1): 8-15.
引用本文: 秦迪岚, 韦安磊, 卢少勇, 罗岳平, 廖岳华, 易敏, 宋冰冰. 基于环境基尼系数的洞庭湖区水污染总量分配[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(1): 8-15.
QIN Di-lan, WEI An-lei, LU Shao-yong, LUO Yue-pin, LIAO Yue-hua, YI Min, SONG Bing-bing. Total Water Pollutant Load Allocation in Dongting Lake Area based on the Environmental Gini Coefficient Method[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(1): 8-15.
Citation: QIN Di-lan, WEI An-lei, LU Shao-yong, LUO Yue-pin, LIAO Yue-hua, YI Min, SONG Bing-bing. Total Water Pollutant Load Allocation in Dongting Lake Area based on the Environmental Gini Coefficient Method[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(1): 8-15.

基于环境基尼系数的洞庭湖区水污染总量分配

基金项目: 全国重点湖泊水库生态安全调查及评估项目(WFLY-2009-1-05);湖南省科技计划项目(2010SK3154);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07212-001-06)

Total Water Pollutant Load Allocation in Dongting Lake Area based on the Environmental Gini Coefficient Method

  • 摘要: 从社会、经济和自然资源系统的整体效益出发,构建了基于基尼系数的水污染负荷公平分配评价指标体系,并且以贡献系数作为判断不公平因子的依据,结合GIS技术分析洞庭湖区不公平因子分布的空间差异性;利用基尼系数最小化模型,制订了洞庭湖区基于公平性的水污染物总量分配方案. 研究表明:2008年湖区基于GDP和土地面积的总氮、总磷污染负荷基尼系数均大于0.2,超过了基尼系数合理限值,湖区氮磷排放在经济和自然资源方面存在不公平现象;在湖区3个大型污染控制区中,Ⅰ区(中心城市污染控制区)和Ⅲ区(山地丘陵生态保育区)分别具有最小的氮磷土地面积贡献系数和经济贡献系数,是湖区不公平性特征最为显著的2个区域;在优化分配所得的2020年湖区各单位相对于2008年的总氮排放削减方案中,Ⅰ区削减率最高,达8.18%,岳阳市区削减量最大,为865.0 t/a;在相应的总磷排放削减方案中,Ⅱ区(平原农业综合整治区)削减率最高,达9.45%,华容县削减量最大,为78.45 t/a.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-05-17
  • 修回日期:  2012-10-20
  • 刊出日期:  2013-01-25

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