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日本沼虾与秀丽白虾的营养生态位

张欢 谢平 吴功果 张培育 徐军

张欢, 谢平, 吴功果, 张培育, 徐军. 日本沼虾与秀丽白虾的营养生态位[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(1): 22-26.
引用本文: 张欢, 谢平, 吴功果, 张培育, 徐军. 日本沼虾与秀丽白虾的营养生态位[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(1): 22-26.
ZHANG Huan, XIE Ping, WU Gong-guo, ZHANG Pei-yu, XU Jun. Studies on Trophic Niches of Macrobrachium nipponensisand Exopalaemon modestus[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(1): 22-26.
Citation: ZHANG Huan, XIE Ping, WU Gong-guo, ZHANG Pei-yu, XU Jun. Studies on Trophic Niches of Macrobrachium nipponensisand Exopalaemon modestus[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(1): 22-26.

日本沼虾与秀丽白虾的营养生态位

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(31170439);国家重点基础研究发展(973)计划项目(2012CB417004)

Studies on Trophic Niches of Macrobrachium nipponensisand Exopalaemon modestus

  • 摘要: 为科学评估虾类的营养关系及资源的保护,利用稳定同位素技术研究了2种淡水虾类在大型通江湖泊——洞庭湖和鄱阳湖中的营养生态位和生态宽幅大小. 结果表明,日本沼虾与秀丽白虾的δ13C值呈显著差异,而δ15N值无明显差异. 同时,由于营养状况及水文的差异,虾类同位素值的差异在2个湖泊中表现不同. 日本沼虾的δ13C值范围比秀丽白虾大,频率分布相对集中在-25.0‰~-23.0‰区间,表明其摄食的食物来源更广,对某些饵料生物有所偏好. 另外,日本沼虾与秀丽白虾的营养生态位重叠程度较大,表明二者的主要食物来源相同,在食物网中占据的营养级相近,存在着激烈的种间竞争. 在鄱阳湖中,日本沼虾占有的营养生态位和生态宽幅大于秀丽白虾;而在洞庭湖的研究结果则相反,主要是由于采样区域生境的差异及人类活动干扰的程度不同所致.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-04-28
  • 修回日期:  2012-05-13
  • 刊出日期:  2013-01-25

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