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大气颗粒物吸湿性研究

王宗爽 付晓 王占山 徐舒 陈建华 武雪芳 吴钢

王宗爽, 付晓, 王占山, 徐舒, 陈建华, 武雪芳, 吴钢. 大气颗粒物吸湿性研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 341-349.
引用本文: 王宗爽, 付晓, 王占山, 徐舒, 陈建华, 武雪芳, 吴钢. 大气颗粒物吸湿性研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 341-349.
WANG Zong-shuang, FU Xiao, WANG Zhan-shan, XU Shu, CHEN Jian-hua, WU Xue-fang, WU Gang. Research Progress of the Hygroscopicity of Atmospheric Particles[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(4): 341-349.
Citation: WANG Zong-shuang, FU Xiao, WANG Zhan-shan, XU Shu, CHEN Jian-hua, WU Xue-fang, WU Gang. Research Progress of the Hygroscopicity of Atmospheric Particles[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(4): 341-349.

大气颗粒物吸湿性研究

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(21277132);国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC10B01)

Research Progress of the Hygroscopicity of Atmospheric Particles

  • 摘要: 大气颗粒物吸湿性是反映颗粒物理化性质的重要指标,吸湿性研究对深入了解颗粒物的环境和健康效应具有重要意义. 总结了国外近年来大气颗粒物吸湿性研究进展:①典型的大气颗粒物吸湿性分析方法为H-TDMA(吸湿性串联差分电迁移率粒径分析仪)系统及其优化方法. ②大气颗粒物吸湿性呈单峰、双峰甚至多峰分布;根据Gf(吸湿性生长因子)随粒径变化的模式,可将大气颗粒物分为强吸湿性和弱吸湿性2类,也可分为纯不溶性、混合不溶性、混合可溶性和纯可溶性4类. ③城市背景点颗粒物的Gf比城市观测点高;城市观测点的颗粒物Gf分布呈夏季高、冬季低,白天高、晚上低的特征. ④颗粒物吸湿性与其化学组成和形态密切相关,纯可溶性盐颗粒物的Gf通常较高. ⑤柴油燃烧源新排放的颗粒物属于弱吸湿性颗粒物,Gf非常小,但在其表面老化后或随燃料中硫含量的增加Gf会明显变大. ⑥生物质燃烧排放颗粒物的Gf相对较高,但存在区域差异性. 针对国内大气颗粒物吸湿性研究现状,提出了未来重点研究方向.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-12-10
  • 修回日期:  2013-02-01
  • 刊出日期:  2013-04-25

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