留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

运用相对组成探针技术研究青藏高原POPs大气传输与来源

龚平 王小萍 盛久江 徐柏青

龚平, 王小萍, 盛久江, 徐柏青. 运用相对组成探针技术研究青藏高原POPs大气传输与来源[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 350-356.
引用本文: 龚平, 王小萍, 盛久江, 徐柏青. 运用相对组成探针技术研究青藏高原POPs大气传输与来源[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 350-356.
GONG Ping, WANG Xiao-ping, SHENG Jiu-jiang, XU Bai-qing. Sources and Atmospheric Transport of POPs in the Tibetan Plateau Using Relative Composition Probe[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(4): 350-356.
Citation: GONG Ping, WANG Xiao-ping, SHENG Jiu-jiang, XU Bai-qing. Sources and Atmospheric Transport of POPs in the Tibetan Plateau Using Relative Composition Probe[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(4): 350-356.

运用相对组成探针技术研究青藏高原POPs大气传输与来源

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41071321,41201489);中国博士后科学基金项目(2011M500033)

Sources and Atmospheric Transport of POPs in the Tibetan Plateau Using Relative Composition Probe

  • 摘要: 为探讨青藏高原大气POPs(持久性有机污染物)空间分布趋势、来源和传输特征,应用POPs相对组成探针技术对16个大气被动采样观测点的数据进行分析,将青藏高原空间尺度上的采样点聚为不同的组,以探讨污染物来源及大气传输过程. 结果表明:青藏高原大气中的HCB(六氯苯)主要来自于本地燃烧,其中人类活动较为频繁的城镇(波密、格尔木、玉树、拉萨、工布江达、拉孜、那曲)具有较高的HCB相对组成(25%~74%). 青藏高原南缘(包括珠峰、然乌、萨嘎)以南亚正在使用的农药——HCHs(六六六)和α-Endo(硫丹)为特征(二者的相对组成之和超过了40%),凸显了南亚污染排放经长距离传输对青藏高原的影响. 剔除HCB影响后,青藏高原中部、东南部河谷地区(鲁朗、拉孜、拉萨、日喀则、工布江达、昌都)及那曲、狮泉河因具有较高的o,p''-DDT相对组成而聚为一组,平均值为40%,表明这些采样点可能受到本地污染排放的影响.

     

  • [1] 史雅娟,吕永龙,任鸿昌,等.持久性有机污染物研究的国际发展动态.世界科技研究与发展,2003,5(2):73-78.
    [2] CHOI S D,BAEK S Y,CHANG Y S,et al.Passive air sampling of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides at the Korean Arctic and Antarctic research stations:implications for long-range transport and local pollution.Environ Sci Technol,2008,2(19):7125-7131.
    [3] FU Shan,CHU Shaogang,XU Xiaobai.Organochlorine pesticide residue in soils from Tibet,China.Bull Environ Contam Toxicol,2001,6(2):171-177.
    [4] GENUALDI S A,KILLIN R K,WOODS J,et al.Trans-Pacific and regional atmospheric transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and pesticides in biomass burning emissions to western North America.Environ Sci Technol,2009,3(4):1061-1066.
    [5] PRIMBS T,SIMONICH S,SCHMEDDING D,et al.Atmospheric outflow of anthropogenic semivolatile organic compounds from East Asia in spring 2004.Environ Sci Technol,2007,1(10):3551-3558.
    [6] 杨文,刘咸德,陈大舟,等.四川西部地区土壤和大气有机氯污染物的区域分布.环境科学研究,2010,3(9):1108-1114.
    [7] 朱晓华,杨永亮,路国慧,等.广东省部分高海拔地区表层土壤中有机氯农药和多氯联苯的高山冷凝结效应.环境科学研究,2012,5(7):778-784.
    [8] IWATA H,TANABE S,SAKAI N,et al.Distribution of persistent organochlorines in the oceanic air and surface seawater and the role of ocean on their global transport and fate.Environ Sci Technol,1993,7(6):1080-1098.
    [9] SHEN Li,WANIA F,LEI Yingduan,et al.Hexachlorocyclohexanes in the North American atmosphere.Environ Sci Technol,2004,8(4):965-975.
    [10] JAFFE D,MCKENDY I,ANDERSON T,et al.Six ‘new’ episodes of trans-Pacific transport of air pollutants.Atmos Environ,2003,7(3):391-404.
    [11] HAFNER W D,HITES R A.Potential Sources of Pesticides,PCBs,and PAHs to the atmosphere of the Great Lakes.Environ Sci Technol,2003,7(17):3764-3773.
    [12] HOH E,HITES R A.Sources of toxaphene and other organochlorine pesticides in North America as determined by air measurements and potential source contribution function analyses.Environ Sci Technol,2004,8(15):4187-4194.
    [13] 杨文,赵全升,陈大舟,等.大气中痕量持久性有机污染物年均值的测定.环境监测管理与技术,2008,0(6):16-21.
    [14] 刘咸德,郑晓燕,陈大舟,等.天津-长岛地区有机氯污染物的相对化学组成与大气传输.环境科学研究,2011,4(9):967-974.
    [15] 刘咸德,陈大舟,郑晓燕,等.天津地区大气典型有机氯污染物的被动采样和化学组成特征.质谱学报,2011,2(2):65-70.
    [16] WANG Xiaoping,GONG Ping,YAO Tandong,et al.Passive air sampling of organochlorine pesticides,polychlorinated biphenyls,and polybrominated diphenyl ethers across the Tibetan Plateau.Environ Sci Technol,2010,4(8):2988-2993.
    [17] WANIA F,SHEN Li,LEI Yingduan,et al.Development and calibration of a resin-based passive sampling system for monitoring persistent organic pollutants in the atmosphere.Environ Sci Technol,2003,7(7):1352-1359.
    [18] 黄嘉佑.气象统计分析与预报方法.3版.北京:气象出版社,2004:181-192.
    [19] SHEN Li,WANIA F,LEI Yingduan,et al.Atmospheric distribution and long-range transport behavior of organochlorine pesticides in North America.Environ Sci Technol,2004,9(2):409-420.
    [20] LIU Xiang,ZHANG Gan,LI Jun,et al.Seasonal patterns and current sources of DDTs,chlordanes,hexachlorobenzene,and endosulfan in the atmosphere of 37chinese cities.Environ Sci Technol,2009,3(5):1316-1321.
    [21] BAILEY R E.Global hexachlorobenzene emissions.Chemosphere,2001,2(2):167-182.
    [22] GONG Ping,WANG Xiaoping,YAO Tandong.Ambient distribution of particulate-and gas-phase n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Tibetan Plateau.Environ Earth Sci,2011,4(23):1703-1711.
    [23] HAFNER W D,CARLSON D L,HITES R A.Influence of local human population on atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations.Environ Sci Technol,2005,9(19):7374-7379.
    [24] KANG Shichang,MAYEWSKI P A,QIN Dahe,et al.Glaciochemical records from a Mt.Everest ice core:relationship to atmospheric circulation over Asia.Atmos Environ,2002,6(21):3351-3361.
    [25] XIE Shucheng,YAO Tandong,KANG Shichang,et al.Climatic and environmental implications from organic matter in Dasuopu glacier in Xixiabangma in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.Sci China Ser D-Earth Sci,1999,2:383-391.
    [26] XU Baiqing,CAO Junji,HANSEN J,et al.Black soot and the survival of Tibetan glaciers.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA,2009,6(52):22114-22118.
    [27] ZHANG Gan,CHAKRABORTY P,LI Jun,et al.Passive atmospheric sampling of organochlorine pesticides,polychlorinated biphenyls,and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in urban,rural,and wetland sites along the coastal length of India.Environ Sci Technol,2008,2(22):8218-8223.
    [28] CHAKRABORTY P,ZHANG Gan,LI Jun,et al.Selected organochlorine pestcides in the atmospheric of major Indian cities:levels,regional versus local variations,and sources.Environ Sci Technol,2010,4(21):8038-8043.
    [29] LI Jun,LIN Tian,QI Shihua,et al.Evidence of local emission of organochlorine pesticides in the Tibetan plateau.Atmos Environ,2008,2:7397-7404.
    [30] ZHANG Zhi,LIU Liyan,LI Yifan,et al.Analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls in concurrently sampled Chinese air and surface soil.Environ Sci Technol,2008,2(17):6514-6518.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3741
  • HTML全文浏览量:  12
  • PDF下载量:  590
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-08-31
  • 修回日期:  2013-01-31
  • 刊出日期:  2013-04-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回