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河流健康评价中不同标准化方法的应用与比较

周莹 渠晓东 赵瑞 马淑芹 张远 殷旭旺

周莹, 渠晓东, 赵瑞, 马淑芹, 张远, 殷旭旺. 河流健康评价中不同标准化方法的应用与比较[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 410-417.
引用本文: 周莹, 渠晓东, 赵瑞, 马淑芹, 张远, 殷旭旺. 河流健康评价中不同标准化方法的应用与比较[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 410-417.
ZHOU Ying, QU Xiao-dong, ZHAO Rui, MA Shu-qin, ZHANG Yuan, YIN Xu-wang. Standardized Methods for Selecting Reference and Impaired Sites to Evaluate River Health[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(4): 410-417.
Citation: ZHOU Ying, QU Xiao-dong, ZHAO Rui, MA Shu-qin, ZHANG Yuan, YIN Xu-wang. Standardized Methods for Selecting Reference and Impaired Sites to Evaluate River Health[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(4): 410-417.

河流健康评价中不同标准化方法的应用与比较

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-001-04)

Standardized Methods for Selecting Reference and Impaired Sites to Evaluate River Health

  • 摘要: 年5月与2010年5—6月对浑太河流域开展大型底栖动物野外生态调查,分别使用水质法(水质指标标准化法)、栖境法(栖息地质量评价指标标准化法)和综合法(水质与栖息地质量评价指标结合的标准化法)筛选参照点和受损点,构建IBI(生物完整性指数)以对研究区域的健康状况作出评价. 结果表明:不同标准化方法筛选的参照点与受损点不同,其中,水质法与栖境法筛选的参照点与受损点数量多于综合法. 不同标准化方法构建的IBI核心参数不同,仅有4个参数〔总分类单元数、EPT分类单元数(蜉蝣目、積翅目、毛翅目三目昆虫分类单元数之和)、耐污类群相对丰度和黏附者相对丰度〕为3种方法所共有. 不同标准化方法对河流健康的评价结果不同,其中,水质法与栖境法对浑太河健康状况的评价等级整体高于综合法. 比较不同标准化方法选择参照点的准确率可知,栖境法的准确率(75%)优于水质法(50%)和综合法(67%);而在选择受损点的准确率中,水质法(100%)和综合法(100%)均优于栖境法(89%).

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-19
  • 修回日期:  2013-02-04
  • 刊出日期:  2013-04-25

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