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太子河流域水生态功能Ⅱ级区的划分

张 楠 张 远 孔维静 万 峻 孟 伟

张 楠, 张 远, 孔维静, 万 峻, 孟 伟. 太子河流域水生态功能Ⅱ级区的划分[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(5): 472-479.
引用本文: 张 楠, 张 远, 孔维静, 万 峻, 孟 伟. 太子河流域水生态功能Ⅱ级区的划分[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(5): 472-479.
ZHANG Nan, ZHANG Yuan, KONG Wei-jing, WAN Jun, MENG Wei. Technique for Freshwater Ecosystem Functional Management Level Ⅱ Region in Taizi River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(5): 472-479.
Citation: ZHANG Nan, ZHANG Yuan, KONG Wei-jing, WAN Jun, MENG Wei. Technique for Freshwater Ecosystem Functional Management Level Ⅱ Region in Taizi River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(5): 472-479.

太子河流域水生态功能Ⅱ级区的划分

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07526-001,2012ZX07501-001)

Technique for Freshwater Ecosystem Functional Management Level Ⅱ Region in Taizi River Basin

  • 摘要: 流域水生态功能Ⅱ级区是实施流域层面水生生物多样性保护的重要依据. 以太子河流域为研究对象,开展分区指标筛选技术方法研究,通过指标的空间变异性、主导性及其与水生态因子相关性分析,从年均气温、年降水量、年蒸发量、高程、坡度、坡向和NDVI(归一化植被指数)等备选分区指标中筛选出适宜分区指标,在此基础上采用ISODATA(迭代自组织数据分析方法)非监督分类方法划分了太子河水生态功能Ⅱ级区. 结果表明,高程和NDVI具有良好的空间敏感性、主导性以及与水生态因子的相关性,可以反映地貌和植被对太子河水生态系统的影响,是太子河流域水生态功能Ⅱ级区划分的适宜指标. 采用上述指标可将太子河流域划分为3个水生态功能Ⅱ级区:①上游山地森林河流水生态亚区,平均海拔511m,区内以浅水性鱼类和激流性大型底栖动物为主;②中游丘陵森林河流水生态亚区,平均海拔282m,区内以溪流性鱼类和缓流性大型底栖动物为主;③下游平原农业河流水生态亚区,平均海拔65m,区内多受人类活动干扰,以耐污性大型底栖动物为主,少见鱼类.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-20
  • 修回日期:  2013-03-15
  • 刊出日期:  2013-05-25

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