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太子河鱼类群落结构空间分布特征

王 伟 王 冰 何旭颖 渠晓东 张 远

王 伟, 王 冰, 何旭颖, 渠晓东, 张 远. 太子河鱼类群落结构空间分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(5): 494-501.
引用本文: 王 伟, 王 冰, 何旭颖, 渠晓东, 张 远. 太子河鱼类群落结构空间分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(5): 494-501.
WANG Wei, WANG Bing, HE Xu-ying, QU Xiao-dong, ZHANG Yuan. Study of Zoning and Distribution Characteristics of Fish in Taizi River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(5): 494-501.
Citation: WANG Wei, WANG Bing, HE Xu-ying, QU Xiao-dong, ZHANG Yuan. Study of Zoning and Distribution Characteristics of Fish in Taizi River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(5): 494-501.

太子河鱼类群落结构空间分布特征

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07526-001,2012ZX07501-001);国家自然科学基金项目(41101481)

Study of Zoning and Distribution Characteristics of Fish in Taizi River

  • 摘要: 以辽河流域太子河为例,开展鱼类生态调查,分析鱼类群落的空间分布特征,在此基础上进行鱼类地理分布区域划分. 结果表明,太子河鱼类分属2纲9目12科36属44种,符合辽河亚区鱼类的分布特征,其种类繁多,且以纺锤形体型的鲤科鱼类居多. 通过CCA(典范对应分析)发现,水深、水体电导率以及ρ(TDS)(TDS为总溶解固体)和ρ(TN)与鱼类的种类及数量的相关性最大. 根据对各采样点鱼类的渔获量、Shannon-Wiener指数的聚类分析,并且结合各采样点的水温、水深、饵料生物组成、岸边植被、底质、流速、土壤等生态环境因素,以及鱼类分布和种群的结构特征,将太子河流域划分为2个生态区,其中A区包括太子河中、上游的流域,涵盖了51个采样点;B区包括19个采样点,主要是太子河下游的绝大部分流域.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-20
  • 修回日期:  2013-01-14
  • 刊出日期:  2013-05-25

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