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洱海水体氮磷时空分布及其对ρ(Chla)的影响

焦立新 赵海超 王圣瑞 杨苏文

焦立新, 赵海超, 王圣瑞, 杨苏文. 洱海水体氮磷时空分布及其对ρ(Chla)的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(5): 527-533.
引用本文: 焦立新, 赵海超, 王圣瑞, 杨苏文. 洱海水体氮磷时空分布及其对ρ(Chla)的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(5): 527-533.
JIAO Li-xin, ZHAO Hai-chao, WANG Sheng-rui, YANG Su-wen. Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Water Body of Erhai Lake and Effect on Concentration of Chlorophyll-a[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(5): 527-533.
Citation: JIAO Li-xin, ZHAO Hai-chao, WANG Sheng-rui, YANG Su-wen. Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Water Body of Erhai Lake and Effect on Concentration of Chlorophyll-a[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(5): 527-533.

洱海水体氮磷时空分布及其对ρ(Chla)的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41103070, U1202235); 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07105-005)

Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Water Body of Erhai Lake and Effect on Concentration of Chlorophyll-a

  • 摘要: 为探讨影响洱海藻类生长的主要水质因子,对洱海近20年的水质变化及2009—2010年水质和ρ(Chla)时空变化进行了研究. 结果表明,1992年以来上覆水中ρ(TN)、ρ(TP)和ρ(Chla)总体呈上升趋势,近年来有所下降,ρ(Chla)与ρ(TN)和m(N)/m(P)呈显著正相关. 2009年5月—2010年12月上覆水中ρ(TN)为0.20~0.96mg/L,ρ(TP)为0.018~0.042mg/L,ρ(Chla)为6.02~22.48μg/L;年内ρ(TN)和ρ(TP)最高值均出现在7—8月,m(N)/m(P)和ρ(Chla)最高值出现在8—9月,ρ(Chla)与m(N)/m(P)呈极显著正相关.随水深增加,ρ(TN)和ρ(TP)呈上升趋势,ρ(Chla)呈下降趋势;1d内ρ(TN)最高值出现在17:30前后,ρ(TP)和ρ(Chla)最高值出现在14:30前后,ρ(Chla)与ρ(TP)呈显著正相关;年内7—8月水质最差. 洱海水体ρ(Chla)年际变化主要受ρ(TN)和m(N)/m(P)影响,年内变化主要受m(N)/m(P)影响,而日变化则主要受ρ(TP)影响.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-20
  • 修回日期:  2013-03-15
  • 刊出日期:  2013-05-25

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