留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

北京市西三环地区大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的分布特性

李 峣 钱 枫 何 翔

李 峣, 钱 枫, 何 翔. 北京市西三环地区大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的分布特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(9): 948-955.
引用本文: 李 峣, 钱 枫, 何 翔. 北京市西三环地区大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的分布特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(9): 948-955.
LI Yao, QIAN Feng, HE Xiang. Distribution Characteristics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Atomspheric Particulates in the Area of the 3rd West Ring Road in Beijing City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(9): 948-955.
Citation: LI Yao, QIAN Feng, HE Xiang. Distribution Characteristics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Atomspheric Particulates in the Area of the 3rd West Ring Road in Beijing City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(9): 948-955.

北京市西三环地区大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的分布特性

基金项目: 北京市重点学科建设项目(PXM2012_014213_000042);北京市学科与研究生教育创新平台建设项目(PXM2012_014213_000063)

Distribution Characteristics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Atomspheric Particulates in the Area of the 3rd West Ring Road in Beijing City

  • 摘要: 于2012年3—12月在北京市西三环地区按粒径分6级采集大气颗粒物样品,采用气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)对颗粒物样品中16种优控PAHs(多环芳烃)进行分析. 结果表明:颗粒物中ρ(∑16PAHs)(PAHs的总质量浓度)季节变化显著,表现为冬季>春季>秋季>夏季,并且与ρ(PM)(PM为颗粒物)呈良好线性相关;不同粒径颗粒物中ρ(PAHs)呈向小粒子富集的趋势,PM2.1中ρ(PAHs)约占ρsum(∑16PAHs)〔6级颗粒物中ρ(∑16PAHs)总和〕的64%~87%;除夏季3环PAHs占优势外,其他季节均以4~ 5环PAHs占优势;同时,随着粒径的减小,PAHs有向高环数富集的趋势. 运用主成分分析和多元线性回归法进行源解析发现,机动车尾气排放和燃煤是本地区大气颗粒物中PAHs的主要来源;不同粒径颗粒物中的PAHs来源有差异,2.1~10.2μm粒径段颗粒物中PAHs主要来源于机动车尾气排放,贡献率为63.0%;而1.3~2.1μm和<1.3μm的颗粒物中PAHs均主要来源于燃煤,贡献率分别为56.8%和58.7%.

     

  • [1] VARDAR N,TASDEMIR Y,ODABASI M,et al.Characterization of atmospheric concentrations and partitioning of PAHs in the Chicago atmosphere.Sci Total Environ,2004,7:163-174.
    [2] XU Shanshan,LIU Wenxin,TAO Shu.Emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in China.Environ Sci Technol,2006,0:702-708.
    [3] 胡国成,郭建阳,罗孝俊,等.白洋淀表层沉积物中多环芳烃的含量、分布、来源及生态风险评价.环境科学研究,2009,2(3):321-326.
    [4] 祁士华,傅家谟,盛国英,等.澳门大气降尘中优控多环芳烃研究.环境科学研究,2001,4(1):9-13.
    [5] 赵淑莉,戴天有,段小丽,等.北京城市空气中多环芳烃的污染特征.环境科学研究,2007,0(3):16-20.
    [6] 李新荣,李本纲,陶澍,等.天津地区的人群对多环芳烃的暴露.环境科学学报,2005,5(7):989-993.
    [7] 张霖琳,吕俊岗,吴国平,等.我国某肺癌高发区人群多环芳烃和微量元素的日暴露量研究.中国环境科学,2010,0(1):104-109.
    [8] TAKESHI O,TAKAHIRO N,TAKASHI A,et al.Prediction of personal exposure to PM2.5 and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by their concentrations in residential microenvironments.Environ Sci Technol,2005,9:5592-5599.
    [9] 刘爱明,杨柳,吴亚玲,等.城市区域大气颗粒物的健康效应研究.中国环境监测,2012,8(5):19-23.
    [10] 郭二果,王成,彭镇华,等.城市空气悬浮颗粒物的理化性质及其健康效应.生态环境,2008,7(2):851-857.
    [11] GUO H,LEE S C,HO K F,et al.Particle-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Hong Kong.Atmos Environ,2003,7:5307-5317.
    [12] 周家斌,王铁冠,黄云碧,等.不同粒径大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的含量及分布特征.环境科学,2005,6(2):40-44.
    [13] 王英锋,张姗姗,李杏茹,等.北京大气颗粒物中多环芳烃浓度季节变化及来源分析.环境化学,2010,9(3):369-375.
    [14] TAO S,WANG Y,WU S,et al.Vertical distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric boundary layer of Beijing in winter.Atmos Environ,2007,1(40):9594-9602.
    [15] 于国光,王铁冠,朱先磊,等.北京市西北郊大气气溶胶中多环芳烃的源解析.环境化学,2008,7(2):245-250.
    [16] 张树才,张巍,王开颜,等.北京东南郊大气中多环芳烃的相分配及其致癌毒性表征.生态环境,2006,5(6):1165-1169.
    [17] DVORSK A, KOMPRDOV K, LAMMEL G,et al.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in background air in central Europe-seasonal levels and limitations for source apportionment.Atmos Environ,2012,6:147-154.
    [18] 孔令军.哈尔滨大气中PAHs污染特征.环境科学与管理,2012,7(6):145-152.
    [19] 潘相敏,陈立民,成玉,等.气溶胶中多环芳烃光降解的初步研究环境化学,1999,8(4):327-332
    [20] VENKATARAMAN C,FRIEDLANDER S K.Source resolution of fine particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using a receptor model modified for reactivity .Air and Waste,1994,4(9):1103-1108.
    [21] 王雅琴,左谦,焦杏春,等.北京大学及周边地区非取暖期植物叶片中的多环芳烃.环境科学,2004,5(4):23-27.
    [22] GUPTA S,KUMAR K,SRIVASTAVA A,et al.Size distribution and source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in aerosol particle samples from the atmospheric environment of Delhi,India .Sci Total Environ,2011,9:4674-4680.
    [23] 王玮,岳欣,陈建华,等.北京市交通路口大气颗粒物污染特征研究:Ⅲ.大气颗粒物中多环芳烃污染特征.环境科学研究,2005,8(2):43-47.
    [24] 丁潇,白志鹏,韩斌,等.鞍山市大气PM10中多环芳烃(PAHs)的污染特征及其来源.环境科学研究,2011,4(2):162-171.
    [25] HARRISON R M,SMITH D J T,LUHANA L.Source apportionment of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarborns collected from an urban location in Birminghan U.K.Environ Sci Technol,1996,0:825-832.
    [26] 杨旭曙,王正萍,宋艳涛.城市交通干道区颗粒物中多环芳烃的源解析研究.环境科学与技术,2004,7(6):50-52.
    [27] YANG Hsihsien,LEE Wenjhy,CHEN Shuijen,et al.PAH emission from various industrial stacks.J Hazard Mater,1998,0:159-174.
    [28] OMAR M J,ABAS M,KETULY K A,et al.Concentrations of PAHs in atmospheric particles (PM10) and roadside soil particles collected in Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia.Atmos Environ,2002,6:247-254.
    [29] KULKARNI P,VENKATARAMAN C.Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Mumbai,India.Atmos Environ,2000,4:2785-2790
    [30] MIGUEL A H,PEREIRA P A P.Benzo(k)fluoranthene,Benzo(ghi)perylene,and Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene:new tracers of automotive emissions in receptor modeling.Aerosol Science and Technology,1998,0:292-295.
    [31] RAVINDRA K,SOKHI R,GRIEKEN R V.Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons:source attribution,emission factors and regulation.Atmos Environ,2008,2:2895-2921.
    [32] MASCLET P,MOWER G,NIKOLAOU K.Relative decay index and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.Atmos Environ,1986,0(3):439-446.
    [33] SEUNG S P,YOUNG J K,CHANG H K.Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Seoul,Korea.Atmos Environ,2002,6:2917-2924
    [34] MASTRAL A M,CALLEN M,MURILLO R.Assessment of PAH emissions as a function of coal combustion variables.Fuel,1996,5:1533-1536.
    [35] SIMCIK M F,EISENREICH S J,LIOY P J.Source apportionment and source/sink relationships of PAHs in the coastal atmosphere of Chicago and Lake Michigan.Atmos Environ,1999,3(30):5071-5079.
    [36] JENKINS B M,JONES A D,TURN S Q,et al.Emission factors for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from biomass burning.Environ Sci Technol,1996,0:2462-2469.
    [37] KHALILI N R,SCHEFF P A,HOLSEN T M.PAH source fingerprints for coke ovens,diesel and gasoline engines,highway tunnels,and wood combustion emissions.Atmos Environ,1995,9(4):533-542.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1870
  • HTML全文浏览量:  13
  • PDF下载量:  475
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-02-01
  • 修回日期:  2013-05-31
  • 刊出日期:  2013-09-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回