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我国原铝冶炼行业温室气体排放模型

张文娟 李会泉 陈 波 李 强 韩永鹏 孙振华

张文娟, 李会泉, 陈 波, 李 强, 韩永鹏, 孙振华. 我国原铝冶炼行业温室气体排放模型[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(10): 1132-1138.
引用本文: 张文娟, 李会泉, 陈 波, 李 强, 韩永鹏, 孙振华. 我国原铝冶炼行业温室气体排放模型[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(10): 1132-1138.
ZHANG Wen-juan, LI Hui-quan, CHEN Bo, LI Qiang, HAN Yong-peng, SUN Zhen-hua. Calculation Model for Greenhouse Gas Emission of Primary Aluminum Industry in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(10): 1132-1138.
Citation: ZHANG Wen-juan, LI Hui-quan, CHEN Bo, LI Qiang, HAN Yong-peng, SUN Zhen-hua. Calculation Model for Greenhouse Gas Emission of Primary Aluminum Industry in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(10): 1132-1138.

我国原铝冶炼行业温室气体排放模型

基金项目: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05010104);国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAC06B13)

Calculation Model for Greenhouse Gas Emission of Primary Aluminum Industry in China

  • 摘要: 我国原铝冶炼行业产业集中度较低,生产水平参差不齐,随着国内原铝产量不断增加,原铝行业碳排放及其计算方法备受关注. 针对我国原铝冶炼过程原料类型、能源结构复杂的特点,对国内外已有碳排放核算框架进行细化,从物料、工序、工艺3个层面构建了复杂的原铝冶炼系统温室气体排放计算模型. 在广泛文献调研的基础上,选取典型原铝冶炼企业开展现场调研及专家咨询,进而形成模型的基础数据库. 利用上述模型对我国2011年原铝冶炼过程碳排放进行核算. 结果表明:综合考虑氧化铝生产工艺结构、电解铝行业分布区域的电网能源结构,我国原铝冶炼系统CO2排放因子(以铝锭计)为14.70t/t. 电解铝生产过程电耗相关排放占70%,南方电网区域电解铝生产电耗相关CO2排放分别比华中、华北地区低13%、30%. 原铝冶炼行业可通过优先选用碳排放因子较低的物料、淘汰落后氧化铝工艺、开发引进低温低电压工艺技术等手段,进一步实现物料、工序及工艺的多层次温室气体减排.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-03-13
  • 修回日期:  2013-07-18
  • 刊出日期:  2013-10-25

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