留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

添加剂对柴油机燃用乙醇柴油时排放颗粒特性的影响

孙 平 胡 鹏 汪家全 梅德清 孙建中

孙 平, 胡 鹏, 汪家全, 梅德清, 孙建中. 添加剂对柴油机燃用乙醇柴油时排放颗粒特性的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(12): 1268-1275.
引用本文: 孙 平, 胡 鹏, 汪家全, 梅德清, 孙建中. 添加剂对柴油机燃用乙醇柴油时排放颗粒特性的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(12): 1268-1275.
SUN Ping, HU Peng, WANG Jia-quan, MEI De-qing, SUN Jian-zhong. Effect of the Fuel Additives on Particle Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fueled with Ethanol-Diesel Blends[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(12): 1268-1275.
Citation: SUN Ping, HU Peng, WANG Jia-quan, MEI De-qing, SUN Jian-zhong. Effect of the Fuel Additives on Particle Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fueled with Ethanol-Diesel Blends[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(12): 1268-1275.

添加剂对柴油机燃用乙醇柴油时排放颗粒特性的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(50976051);江苏省研究生创新计划项目(CXZZ12_0675);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目

Effect of the Fuel Additives on Particle Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fueled with Ethanol-Diesel Blends

  • 摘要: 为研究十六烷值改进剂和消烟剂对柴油机燃用乙醇柴油时颗粒排放特性的影响,在乙醇柴油中加入0.1%(以w计)、0.3%和0.5%的十六烷值改进剂或消烟剂,并在YZ4DB3柴油机上分别对这些燃料的排气烟度、颗粒比排放和粒径分布等进行研究. 结果表明:含添加剂的乙醇柴油颗粒物排放远低于0#柴油,降幅在50%以上;与0#柴油相比,添加0.3%十六烷值改进剂的乙醇柴油降低颗粒排放效果较显著,降幅高达64.2%,而添加0.1%消烟剂的乙醇柴油颗粒物排放降幅更高达84.0%,表明消烟剂的降颗粒效果更加显著. 柴油机燃用柴油时,排放颗粒的粒径呈双峰分布,峰值分别在0.56和0.18μm左右;但燃用含添加剂的乙醇柴油时,排放颗粒的粒径则呈单峰分布,其峰值均在>0.56~1.00μm粒径范围内. 柴油机燃用含添加剂的乙醇柴油后,0.18~0.32μm粒径范围内的排放颗粒显著减少,但在>0.32~1.00μm粒径范围内增加;同时,排放颗粒物中的积聚模态颗粒占排放颗粒总质量的比例降低,而粗粒子模态颗粒的所占比例相应增加. 排气烟度与积聚模态颗粒质量分布密切相关. 研究结果表明,柴油添加剂能够显著改善柴油机颗粒物排放特性,有利于改善大气质量.

     

  • [1] RANDAZZO M L, SODR J R.Exhaust emissions from a diesel powered vehicle fuelled by soybean biodiesel blends(B3-B20)with ethanol as an additive(B20E2-B20E5).Fuel,2011,0(1):98-103.
    [2] BUYUKKAYA E.Effects of biodiesel on a DI diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics.Fuel,2010,9(10):3099-3105.
    [3] YILMAZ N,SANCHEZ T M.Analysis of operating a diesel engine on biodiesel-ethanol and biodiesel-methanol blends.Energy,2012,6(1):126-129.
    [4] RAKOPOULOS D C.Combustion and emissions of cottonseed oil and its bio-diesel in blends with either n-butanol or diethylether in HSDI diesel engine.Fuel,2013,5:603-613.
    [5] GUO Zhiqiang,LI Tianrui, DONG Jinlong,et al.Combustion and emission characteristics of blends of diesel fuel and methanol-to-diesel.Fuel,2011,0(3):1305-1308.
    [6] 陆克久,蒋耘农,代西良.柴油机掺烧不同比例甲醇混合燃料的试验研究.汽车工程,2009(3):205-208.
    [7] KUMAR S,CHO J H,PARK J,et al.Advances in diesel-alcohol blends and their effects on the performance and emissions of diesel engines.Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2013,2:46-72.
    [8] PIDOL L,LECOINTE B,STARCK L,et al.Ethanol-biodiesel-diesel fuel blends:performances and emissions in conventional diesel and advanced low temperature combustions.Fuel,2012,3:329-338.
    [9] LEI Jilin, SHEN Lizhong, BI Yuhua,et al.A novel emulsifier for ethanol-diesel blends and its effect on performance and emissions of diesel engine.Fuel,2012,3:305-311.
    [10] BORETTI A.Advantages of converting diesel engines to run as dual fuel ethanol-diesel.Applied Thermal Engineering,2012,7:1-9.
    [11] ZHU Z, LI D K,LIU J,et al.Investigation on the regulated and unregulated emissions of a DME engine under different injection timing.Applied Thermal Engineering,2012,5:9-14.
    [12] GROSS C W,KONG S C.Performance characteristics of a compression-ignition engine using direct-injection ammonia-DME mixtures.Fuel,2013,3:1069-1079.
    [13] AHMED I.Diesel fuel composition:US,0092228A1.2002-08-27.
    [14] AHMED I.Diesel fuel composition:US,6017369A.2000-01-25.
    [15] IKURA M,STANCIULESCU M,HOGAN E.Lowtemperature stable diesel oil.alcohol mixtures:US,20020178650A10.2002-12-05.
    [16] KILLICK R W,PARNABY L H,PARNAB B R,et al.Fuel blends:US,006129773A.2000-10-10.
    [17] WILLIAM K R.Fuel blends:US,WO2002090469A1.2002-11-14.
    [18] CARO P S,MOULOUNGUIA Z,VAITILINGOM G, et al.Interest of combining an additive with diesel-ethanol blends for use in diesel engines.Fuel,2002,0(4):565-574.
    [19] 余红东,李会芬,莫海俊,等.乙醇柴油混合燃料助溶剂的试验研究.装备制造技术,2009(8):16-18.
    [20] 邬齐敏,孙平,梅德清,等.助溶剂对乙醇柴油燃烧和排放特性的影响.汽车工程学报,2012,2(5):327-333.
    [21] 古文英,史权,彭勃,等.乙醇柴油的物化性质研究.炼油技术与工程,2005,5(5):39-42.
    [22] WISE H,BALHARRY D,REYNOLDS L J, et al .Conventional and toxicogenomic assessment of the acute pulmonarydamage induced by the instillation of Cardiff PM10 into the rat lung.Sci Total Environ,2006,0(1/2/3):60-67.
    [23] 张旭升,赵晖,胡宗杰,等.共轨柴油机燃用生物柴油的排气颗粒粒径分布及核态纳米颗粒生成机理研究中国科学E辑:技术科学,2009,9(9):1589-1594.
    [24] NEER A,KOYLU U O.Effect of operating conditions on the size,morphology and concentration of submicrometer particulates emitted from a diesel engine.Combustion and Flame,2006,6(1/2):142-154.
    [25] AGARWAL A K,DHAR A,SRIVASTAVA D K, et al .Effect of fuel injection pressure on diesel particulate size and number distributionin a CRDI single cylinder research engine.Fuel,2013,7:84-89.
    [26] 王军方,丁焰,尹航,等.公交车实际道路颗粒物排放的数浓度特征.环境科学研究,2012,5(11):1285-1289.
    [27] 王军方,丁焰,尹航,等.DOC 技术对柴油机排放颗粒物数浓度的影响.环境科学研究,2011,4(7):711-715.
    [28] CHUEPENG S,XU H,TSOLAKIS A, et al.Particulate matter size distribution in the exhaust gas of a modern diesel engine fuelled with a biodiesel blend.Biomass and Bioenergy,2011,5(10):4280-4289.
    [29] AN Puzun, SUN Wanchen, LI Guoliang, et al.Characteristics of particle size distributions about emissions in a common-rail diesel engine with biodiesel blends.Procedia Environmental Sciences,2011,1:1371-1378.
    [30] TSOLAKIS A.Effects on particle size distribution from the diesel engine operating on RME-biodiesel with EGR.Energy Fuels,2006,0(4):1418-1424.
    [31] KIM H,CHOI B.Effect of ethanol-diesel blend fuels on emission and particle size distribution in a common-rail direct injection diesel engine with warm-up catalytic converter.Renewable Energy,2008,3(10):2222-2228.
    [32] 陈虎,陈文淼,王建昕,等.柴油机燃用乙醇-柴油含氧燃料时微粒特性的分析.内燃机学报,2005,3(4):307-312.
    [33] 梅德清,赵翔,王书龙,等.柴油机排放颗粒物的热重特性分析.农业工程学报,2013,9(6):50-57.
    [34] 陈虎,陈文淼,王建昕.柴油机燃用乙醇-甲酯-柴油时PM排放特性的研究.内燃机学报,2007,5(1):51-55.
    [35] 梅德清,王书龙,袁银男,等.基于MOUDI采样装置的186FA柴油机微粒物粒径分布特性研究.车用发动机,2013(1):70-74.
    [36] 陈士安.燃料特性对柴油机微粒排放粒度分布的影响规律.长春:吉林大学,2011:48-49.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1815
  • HTML全文浏览量:  23
  • PDF下载量:  127
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-05-08
  • 修回日期:  2013-08-24
  • 刊出日期:  2013-12-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回