留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

广东货船水运的温室气体排放和低碳发展对策

林楚彬 赵黛青 蔡国田 刘启汉 吴家颖

林楚彬, 赵黛青, 蔡国田, 刘启汉, 吴家颖. 广东货船水运的温室气体排放和低碳发展对策[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(12): 1340-1348.
引用本文: 林楚彬, 赵黛青, 蔡国田, 刘启汉, 吴家颖. 广东货船水运的温室气体排放和低碳发展对策[J]. 环境科学研究, 2013, 26(12): 1340-1348.
LIN Chu-bin, ZHAO Dai-qing, CAI Guo-tian, LAU Kai-hon, NG Ka-wing. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cargo Vessels and Low-Carbon Shipping Strategies in Guangdong Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(12): 1340-1348.
Citation: LIN Chu-bin, ZHAO Dai-qing, CAI Guo-tian, LAU Kai-hon, NG Ka-wing. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cargo Vessels and Low-Carbon Shipping Strategies in Guangdong Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 26(12): 1340-1348.

广东货船水运的温室气体排放和低碳发展对策

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41001084)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cargo Vessels and Low-Carbon Shipping Strategies in Guangdong Province

  • 摘要:

    作为我国港口大省和低碳试点省,广东需先行测算船舶水运的GHG(温室气体)排放量基线,以探究低碳水运对策. 通过文献调研收集适用数据和资料,基于引擎功率法,测算了广东抵港货船在2010年的GHG排放量. 结果表明:广东专属经济区海域内货船水运的GHG总排放量为2887×104t,不确定性在-36%~45%之间,其中在领海区域内的排放量为730×104t;远洋集装箱船是GHG最大排放源,占总排放量的43%;集装箱船、干散货船、油轮和其他货船的GHG排放量不确定性均介于-30%~50%之间,远洋货船的主引擎在正常航行模式下输出功率是最主要的不确定性源. 基于分析船舶水运的GHG排放特征,提出船舶减速、向远洋货船供应岸电和内河货船主引擎转用天然气共3项低碳节能措施,共可减排40%的GHG排放量.该研究结果不仅为广东低碳水运发展提供基础性的GHG排放数据,也可为其他港口地区提供估算水运业GHG排放量的技术方法参考和实践经验.

     

  • [1] TRANTON K,KENNEDY A,BLACKBURN A.CO2emissions from fuel combustion.Paris:International Energy Agency, 2012.
    [2] BUHAUG ,CORBETT J J,ENDRESEN ,et al.Second IMO GHG study.London:IMO,2009.
    [3] Marine Environment Protection.Resolution MEPC.203(62).London:IMO,2011.
    [4] 李伟.船舶能效概念在未来船舶设计和航运中的应用.中国水运,2011,1(10):10-11.
    [5] FRANC P,SUTTO L.Impact analysis on shipping lines and european ports of a cap-and-trade system on CO2emissions in maritime transport.Maritime Policy & Management:The Flagship Journal of International Shipping and Port Research,2013,0(5):1-18.
    [6] PSARAFTIS H N.Market-based measures for greenhouse gas emissions from ships:a review.WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs,2012,1(2):211-232.
    [7] CRIST P.Greenhouse gas emissions reduction potential from international shipping.France:OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre,2009.
    [8] EYRING V,KHLER H W,LAUER A,et al.Emissions from international shipping:2.impact of future technologies on scenarios until 2050.J Geophysics Res:Atmospheres(1984-2012),2005,0(D17),doi: 10.1029/2004JD005620.
    [9] United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.Review of maritime transport 2012.Geneva:United Nations,2012.
    [10] 刘建翠.中国交通运输部门节能潜力和碳排放预测.资源科学,2011,3(4):640-646.
    [11] 覃小玲,卢清,郑君瑜,等.深圳市温室气体排放清单研究.环境科学研究,2012,5(12):1378-1386.
    [12] WU W Q,ZHENG Q G,FENG X.Calculation and trend analysis of China''s international shipping fuel consumption/GHG emission.London:Frontiers of Energy and Environmental Engineering,2013:437-450.
    [13] WEI Q,ZHAO S.Estimating CO2emission and mitigation opportunities of wanzhou shipping in Chongqing municipality,China.Wuhan:IEEE Xplore,2010:1-4.
    [14] 国家交通运输部.中国港口年鉴:2010.上海:中国港口杂志社,2011.
    [15] 广东省交通运输厅.广东省交通运输行业建设低碳交通运输体系实施意见.广州:广东省政府,2011.
    [16] 广东省发展和改革委员会.广东省低碳试点工作实施方案.广州:广东省政府,2012.
    [17] BROWNING L.Current methodologies in preparing mobile source port-related emission inventories.Virginia:ICF International,2009.
    [18] 伏晴艳,沈寅,张健.上海港船舶大气污染物排放清单研究.安全与环境学报,2012,2(5):57-64.
    [19] NG S K W,LIN C,CHAN J W M,et al.Study on marine vessels emission inventory.Hong Kong:Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,2012.
    [20] WHALL C,COOPER D,ARCHER K,et al.Quantification of emissions from ships associated with ship movements between ports in the european community.Cheshire:Entec UK Limited,2002.
    [21] AGRAWAL A,ALDRETE G,ANDERSON B,et al.Port of los angeles inventories of air emissions:2011.Los Angeles:Starcrest Consulting Group,LLC,2012.
    [22] 第七届全国人大会常委会.中华人民共和国领海及毗连区法[EB/OL].北京:第七届全国人大会常委会,1992[1992-02-05].http://www.gov.cn/ziliao/flfg/2005-09/12/content_31172.htm.
    [23] ZHENG Junyu,FREY H C.Quantification of variability and uncertainty using mixture distributions:evaluation of sample size,mixing weights,and separation between components.Risk Analysis,2004,4(3):553-571.
    [24] 钟流举,郑君瑜,雷国强,等.大气污染物排放源清单不确定性定量分析方法及案例研究.环境科学研究,2007,0(4):15-20.
    [25] Institute for Global Environmental Strategies.2006IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories.Japan:IPCC,2006.
    [26] CHRISTOPHER F H,PATIL S R.Identification and review of sensitivity analysis methods.Risk Analysis,2002,2(3):553-578.
    [27] ZHENG J,FREY H C.Auvtool user''s guide.North Carolina:North Carolina State University,2002.
    [28] 香港统计处.香港船务统计:2010.香港:香港统计处,2011.
    [29] NG S K W,LOH C,LIN C,et al.Policy change driven by an AIS-assisted marine emission inventory in Hong Kong and the pearl river delta.Atmos Environ,2013,6:102-112.
    [30] 香港海事处.香港港口统计年报:2010.香港:香港海事处,2011.
    [31] CORBETT J J,WANG Haifeng,WINEBRAKE J J.The effectiveness and costs of speed reductions on emissions from international shipping.Transportation Research Part D:Transport and Environment,2009,4(8):593-598.
    [32] 国家发展和改革委员会应对气候变化司.2010中国区域电网基准线排放因子.北京:国家发展和改革委员会,2010.
    [33] 国家发展和改革委员会.天然气利用政策[EB/OL].北京:国家发展和改革委员会,2012[2012-10-14].http://www.gov.cn/flfg/2012-10/31/content_2254647.htm.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1535
  • HTML全文浏览量:  7
  • PDF下载量:  18
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-05-16
  • 修回日期:  2013-08-24
  • 刊出日期:  2013-12-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回