留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

典型电子废物中多溴联苯醚的模拟浸出释放特征

刘 锋 徐 红 徐明德 何 洁 王练书 黄启飞

刘 锋, 徐 红, 徐明德, 何 洁, 王练书, 黄启飞. 典型电子废物中多溴联苯醚的模拟浸出释放特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(2): 203-209.
引用本文: 刘 锋, 徐 红, 徐明德, 何 洁, 王练书, 黄启飞. 典型电子废物中多溴联苯醚的模拟浸出释放特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(2): 203-209.
LIU Feng, XU Hong, XU Ming-de, HE Jie, WANG Lian-shu, HUANG Qi-fei. Simulation Study on Leaching Release Characteristics of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers from the Typical Electronic Waste[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(2): 203-209.
Citation: LIU Feng, XU Hong, XU Ming-de, HE Jie, WANG Lian-shu, HUANG Qi-fei. Simulation Study on Leaching Release Characteristics of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers from the Typical Electronic Waste[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(2): 203-209.

典型电子废物中多溴联苯醚的模拟浸出释放特征

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201109034,201209020)

Simulation Study on Leaching Release Characteristics of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers from the Typical Electronic Waste

  • 摘要: 选取废旧打印机外壳为典型电子废物,以商用腐殖酸溶液为浸提剂,采用浸出试验,模拟研究了废旧打印机外壳中PBDEs(多溴联苯醚)在简易填埋或与生活垃圾共处置场景下,在不同废物粒径、浸提剂DOC浓度、pH、浸提时间和液固比下的浸出特征. 分别用索氏提取法和液液萃取法提取废旧打印机外壳及其浸出液中的PBDEs,采用气相色谱-质谱法(GC-MS)对11种PBDEs同系物的浓度进行定性、定量检测. 结果表明,废旧打印机外壳中BDE28、BDE47、BDE66、BDE85、BDE99、BDE100、BDE153、BDE154被检出,而在浸出液中仅有BDE28、BDE47、BDE66、BDE85、BDE99、BDE153被检出,∑6PBDEs的浸出率仅为0.04%~0.44%;垃圾渗滤液和土壤溶液中DOM可以促进废旧打印机外壳中PBDEs的浸出,随着浸提剂ρ(DOC)的增大,PBDEs的浸出量增加;在酸性条件下PBDEs的浸出量低于在中性条件下的浸出量;随着浸出时间的延长,PBDEs的浸出量不断增加,但在试验设定的480h内,没有得到一个液固体系的平衡时间,可见废旧打印机外壳中PBDEs的浸出是一个缓慢释放的过程.

     

  • [1] 罗孝俊,麦碧娴,陈社军.PBDEs研究的最新进展.化学进展,2009,1(2/3):359-368.
    [2] FISCHER D,HOOPER K,ATHANASIADOU M,et al.Children show highest levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in a California family of four:a case study.Environ Health Perspect,2006,4(10):1581-1584.
    [3] 王红梅,王琪.电子废弃物处理处置风险与管理概论.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2010.
    [4] 刘宗峰,郎印海,曹正梅,等.环境中多溴联苯醚(PBDEs)分布特征研究进展.土壤通报,2007,8(6):1228-1233.
    [5] DENG W J,ZHENG J S,BI X H,et al.Distribution of PBDEs in air particles from an electronic waste recycling site compared with Guangzhou and Hongkong,South China.Environ Intern,2007,3(8):1063-1069.
    [6] BOOIJ K,ZEGERS B N,BOON J P.Levels of some polybrominated diphenyl ether(PBDE)flame retardants along the Dutch coast as derived from their accumulation in SPMDs and blue mussels(Mytilusedulis).Chemosphere,2002,6(5):683-688.
    [7] LIU Ying,ZHENG G J,YU Hongxia.Polybrominated diphenyl ethers(PBDEs)in sediments and mussel tissues from Hong Kong marine waters.Mar Pollut Bull,2005,0(11):1173-1184.
    [8] YANG Ruiqiang,JING Chuanyong,ZHANG Qinghua,et al.Polybrominated diphenyl ethers(PBDEs) and mercury in fish from lakes of the Tibetan Plateau.Chemosphere,2011,3(6):862-867.
    [9] MAZDAI A,DODDERN G,ABERNATHY M P,et al.Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in maternal and fetal blood samples.Environ Health Perspect,2003,1(9):1249-1252.
    [10] 李英明,江桂斌,王亚韡,等.电子垃圾拆解地大气中二英、多氯联苯、多溴联苯醚的污染水平及相分配规律.科学通报,2008,3(2):165-171.
    [11] WONG M H,WU S C,DENG W J,et al.Export of toxic chemicals-a review of the case of uncontrolled electronic-waste recycling.Environ Pollut,2007,9(2):131-140.
    [12] LUO Qian,CAI Zongwei,WONG Minghung.Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish and sediment from river polluted by electronic waste.Sci Total Environ,2007,3(1/2/3):115-127.
    [13] QU Weiyue,BI Xinhui,SHENG Guoying,et al.Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers among workers at an electronic waste dismantling region in Guangdong,China.Environ Intern,2007,3(8):1029-1034.
    [14] 刘锋,王琪,黄启飞,等.固体废物浸出毒性浸出方法标准研究.环境科学研究,2008,1(6):9-15.
    [15] 方芳,刘国强,郭劲松,等.垃圾渗滤液中溶解性有机质研究进展.水处理技术,2009,5(4):4-8.
    [16] 陈同斌,陈志军.土壤中溶解性有机质及其对污染物吸附和解吸行为的影响.植物营养与肥料学报,1998,4(3):201-210.
    [17] 李淑芬,俞元春,何晟.土壤溶解有机碳的研究进展.土壤与环境,2002,1(4):422-429.
    [18] COMANS R N J,ROSKAM G D.Leaching procedure for the availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs)in contaminated soil and waste materials//Methodologies for Soil and Sediment Fractionation Studies:Cambridge,Royal Society of Chemistry,2002:123-141.
    [19] BURKHARD L P.Estimating dissolved organic carbon partition coefficients for nonionic organic chemicals.Environ Sci Technol,2000,4(22):4663-4668.
    [20] KIM Y,LEE D.Solubility enhancement of PCDD/F in the presence of dissolved humic matter.J Hazard Mater,2002,1(1/2/3):113-127.
    [21] SAKAI S,URANO S,TAKATSUKI H.Leaching behavior of PCBs and PCDDs/DFs from some waste materials.Waste Manage,2000,0(2/3):241-247.
    [22] OASKO M,KIM Y J.Influence of coexisting surface-active agents on leachability of dioxins in raw and treated fly ash from an MSW incinerator.Chemosphere,2004,4(1):105-116.
    [23] OSAKO M,KIM Y J,SAKAI S I.Leaching of brominated flame retardants in leachate from landfills in Japan.Chemosphere,2004,7(10):1571-1579.
    [24] CHOI K I,LEE S H,OSAKO M.Leaching of brominated flame retardants from TV housing plastics in the presence of dissolved humic matter.Chemosphere,2009,4(3):460-466.
    [25] KIM Y J,OSAKO M,SAKAI S I.Leaching characteristics of polybrominated diphenyl ethers(PBDEs) from flame-retardant plastics.Chemosphere,2006,5(3):506-513.
    [26] 傅海辉,黄启飞,孟昭福,等.加速溶剂萃取-气质联用同步测定土壤中17组分多溴二苯醚.环境科学研究,2012,5(5):599-604.
    [27] GRASSO D,CHIN Y P,WEBER JR W J.Structural and behavioral characteristics of a commercial humic and natural dissolved aquatic organic matter.Chemosphere,1990,1(10):1181-1197.
    [28] 周江敏,代静玉,潘根兴.土壤中水溶性有机质的结构特征及其与富里酸、胡敏酸的比较.土壤,2004,6(1):46-50.
    [29] 徐红,何洁,刘锋,等.不同模拟场景下浸提剂对废电路板中多溴联苯醚的浸出影响.环境工程,2013,1(S1):156-169.
    [30] 李晶,林匡飞,郭杰,等.废弃电路板中多溴联苯醚的溶出规律研究.环境科学学报,2012,2(7):1757-1763.
    [31] 齐文启,齐斐,陈树渝.试样粉碎程度对固体废物浸出毒性试验的影响.上海环境科学,1995,4(10):9-14.
    [32] 占新华,周立祥,黄楷,等.水溶性有机物对菲的表观溶解度和正辛醇/水分配系数的影响.环境科学学报,2006,6(1):105-110.
    [33] 邹梦遥,龚剑,冉勇.珠江三角洲流域土壤多溴联苯醚(PBDEs)的分布及环境行为.生态环境学报,2009,8(1):122-127.
    [34] KIM Y J,OSAKO M.Leaching characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) from spiked sandy soil.Chemosphere,2003,1(5):387-395.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1380
  • HTML全文浏览量:  27
  • PDF下载量:  180
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-03-27
  • 修回日期:  2013-07-15
  • 刊出日期:  2014-02-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回