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大气臭氧浓度升高对农作物产量的影响

耿春梅 王宗爽 任丽红 王燕丽 王 琼 杨 文 白志鹏

耿春梅, 王宗爽, 任丽红, 王燕丽, 王 琼, 杨 文, 白志鹏. 大气臭氧浓度升高对农作物产量的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(3): 239-245.
引用本文: 耿春梅, 王宗爽, 任丽红, 王燕丽, 王 琼, 杨 文, 白志鹏. 大气臭氧浓度升高对农作物产量的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(3): 239-245.
GENG Chun-mei, WANG Zong-shuang, REN Li-hong, WANG Yan-li, WANG Qiong, YANG Wen, BAI Zhi-peng. Study on the Impact of Elevated Atmospheric Ozone on Crop Yield[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 239-245.
Citation: GENG Chun-mei, WANG Zong-shuang, REN Li-hong, WANG Yan-li, WANG Qiong, YANG Wen, BAI Zhi-peng. Study on the Impact of Elevated Atmospheric Ozone on Crop Yield[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 239-245.

大气臭氧浓度升高对农作物产量的影响

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(200809152);国家自然科学基金项目(41275135)

Study on the Impact of Elevated Atmospheric Ozone on Crop Yield

  • 摘要: 大气O3浓度升高对农作物产量的影响是评估大气O3造成农作物减产及经济损失的基础. 分别在北京和广东东莞建立OTC(田间开顶式气室)系统,开展大气O3对大田冬小麦和水稻的影响研究,在整个生长期对作物进行O3熏蒸,计算O3暴露量,获得冬小麦和水稻产量与O3暴露量之间的响应关系. 结果表明:东莞水稻临界水平(以AOT40计,AOT40为大于40nL/L的小时平均φ(O3)与40nL/L差值的累计值)为4.95μL/(L·h),而北京冬小麦为2.44μL/(L·h). 根据我国已有农作物O3暴露量-产量响应关系计算可知,我国水稻和冬小麦的AOT40分别为4.950~9.506和2.280~3.858μL/(L·h),水稻对O3的敏感性从我国北方到南方呈逐渐增加态势,但冬小麦对O3敏感性并无明显的地域变化规律. 在大田环境大气φ(O3)条件下,东莞水稻相对产量损失为2.70%〔AOT40=2.68μL/(L·h)〕,北京冬小麦的相对产量损失为12.85%〔AOT40=6.72μL/(L·h)〕. 我国农作物生长环境多样,作物种类繁多,需要继续开展试验研究来建立本地化O3暴露量-产量响应关系,用于合理评估区域农作物产量损失.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2013-07-30
  • 修回日期:  2013-11-20
  • 刊出日期:  2014-03-25

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