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不同填料UAFB-ANAMMOX反应器的脱氮效能

袁 青 黄晓丽 高大文

袁 青, 黄晓丽, 高大文. 不同填料UAFB-ANAMMOX反应器的脱氮效能[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(3): 301-308.
引用本文: 袁 青, 黄晓丽, 高大文. 不同填料UAFB-ANAMMOX反应器的脱氮效能[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(3): 301-308.
YUAN Qing, HUANG Xiao-li, GAO Da-wen. Comparison of Nitrogen Removal in UAFB-ANAMMOX Reactors with Different Carriers[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 301-308.
Citation: YUAN Qing, HUANG Xiao-li, GAO Da-wen. Comparison of Nitrogen Removal in UAFB-ANAMMOX Reactors with Different Carriers[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 301-308.

不同填料UAFB-ANAMMOX反应器的脱氮效能

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(21177033);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2013ZX07201007)

Comparison of Nitrogen Removal in UAFB-ANAMMOX Reactors with Different Carriers

  • 摘要: 由于厌氧氨氧化菌增殖速率缓慢,对环境因素敏感,导致反应器启动时间长且运行不稳定. 以人工配水为研究对象,采用UAFB(升流式厌氧固定床)反应器,分别填充组合填料、聚氨酯泡绵和立体弹性纤维作为生物载体,对各载体的挂膜特征及厌氧氨氧化的实现与稳定特性进行了研究. 结果表明:与聚氨酯泡绵和立体弹性纤维相比,组合填料在快速启动反应器及运行稳定性上有较大优势,反应器启动时间为42d,稳定运行后期NH4+-N及NO2--N的去除率均达到90%以上,最大TN去除负荷(以N计)为1.239kg/(m3·d);并且组合填料挂膜效果较好,生物膜跟载体结合较紧密. 以聚氨酯泡绵为载体的反应器启动时间(66d)长,挂膜效果较差,膜易脱落;稳定运行后期NH4+-N及NO2--N的去除率分别大于90%与95%,最大TN去除负荷为1.268kg/(m3·d). 以立体弹性纤维为载体的反应器对ρ(DO)和ρ(基质)及水力冲击等环境因素较为敏感,运行效果不稳定,最大TN去除负荷仅为0.724kg/(m3·d).

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-04-28
  • 修回日期:  2013-10-09
  • 刊出日期:  2014-03-25

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