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水质基准两栖类受试生物筛选

蔡 靳 闫振广 何 丽 王伟莉 刘征涛

蔡 靳, 闫振广, 何 丽, 王伟莉, 刘征涛. 水质基准两栖类受试生物筛选[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(4): 349-355.
引用本文: 蔡 靳, 闫振广, 何 丽, 王伟莉, 刘征涛. 水质基准两栖类受试生物筛选[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(4): 349-355.
CAI Jin, YAN Zhen-guang, HE Li, WANG Wei-li, LIU Zheng-tao. Screening of Native Amphibians for Deriving Aquatic Life Criteria[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(4): 349-355.
Citation: CAI Jin, YAN Zhen-guang, HE Li, WANG Wei-li, LIU Zheng-tao. Screening of Native Amphibians for Deriving Aquatic Life Criteria[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(4): 349-355.

水质基准两栖类受试生物筛选

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-003-06);中国环境科学研究院改革启动经费专项(2011GQ-02)

Screening of Native Amphibians for Deriving Aquatic Life Criteria

  • 摘要: 两栖动物是水生生态系统的重要生物群落,是水生生物基准的重要保护对象. 参照美国水生生物基准技术指南,搜集、筛选了12种本土代表性两栖动物的生物毒性数据,通过毒性数据分析,筛选出对两栖动物毒性最大的污染物,主要包括农药、重金属和杀虫剂三大类,以及4属基准研究受试生物. 在4属(5种)受试生物中,黑眶蟾蜍对硝酸银的累积概率为15%,六趾蛙对马拉硫磷的累积概率为1%,牛蛙对五氯酚的累积概率为8%,棘胸蛙对丙溴磷的累积概率为27%,虎纹蛙对硫丹的累积概率为29%. 结果表明:蛙属(六趾蛙)对农药、蛙属(牛蛙)对杀虫剂、蟾蜍属(黑框蟾蜍)对重金属均为敏感物种,虎纹蛙属(虎纹蛙)对农药、棘蛙属(棘胸蛙)对杀虫剂均为较敏感物种. 这4属(5种)两栖动物可以作为相关污染物的水质基准研究的受试物种.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2013-07-01
  • 修回日期:  2014-01-20
  • 刊出日期:  2014-04-25

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