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水质基准本土环节动物与水生昆虫受试生物筛选

王伟莉 闫振广 刘征涛 郑 欣

王伟莉, 闫振广, 刘征涛, 郑 欣. 水质基准本土环节动物与水生昆虫受试生物筛选[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(4): 365-372.
引用本文: 王伟莉, 闫振广, 刘征涛, 郑 欣. 水质基准本土环节动物与水生昆虫受试生物筛选[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(4): 365-372.
WANG Wei-li, YAN Zhen-guang, LIU Zheng-tao, ZHENG Xin. Screening of Native Annelids and Aquatic insects for Deriving Aquatic Life Criteria[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(4): 365-372.
Citation: WANG Wei-li, YAN Zhen-guang, LIU Zheng-tao, ZHENG Xin. Screening of Native Annelids and Aquatic insects for Deriving Aquatic Life Criteria[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(4): 365-372.

水质基准本土环节动物与水生昆虫受试生物筛选

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-003-06);中国环境科学研究院改革启动经费专项(2011GQ-02)

Screening of Native Annelids and Aquatic insects for Deriving Aquatic Life Criteria

  • 摘要: 作为水环境质量评价体系中重要的指示生物类别,水生环节动物和水生昆虫是水生生物基准研究中不可或缺的基准受试生物.参照美国水生生物基准技术指南, 选择我国广泛分布的10种本土环节动物和水生昆虫,搜集、筛选对各水生物种毒性最大的3种污染物,并进行水生生物敏感性分析. 在污染物毒性数据的物种敏感度分布中,若物种的累积概率小于30%则为较敏感,该物种可作为基准研究受试生物. 结果表明:不同生物对污染物敏感性存在差异,颤蚓对有机锡化合物、重金属,苏氏尾鳃蚓对重金属均较敏感;仙女虫、黄翅蜻、四节蜉、扁蜉对各类农药均较敏感;尾盘虫能够在一定程度上指示表面活性剂污染状况. 因此,环节动物颤蚓属、尾鳃蚓属、尾盘虫属、仙女虫属,水生昆虫黄翅蜻属、四节蜉属及扁蜉属均可作为水质基准研究中的受试生物.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2013-07-01
  • 修回日期:  2014-01-20
  • 刊出日期:  2014-04-25

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