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兰州市大气颗粒物中化学特征污染物的筛选

于云江 李良忠 杨 林 王 琼 向明灯 林海鹏 孙 朋

于云江, 李良忠, 杨 林, 王 琼, 向明灯, 林海鹏, 孙 朋. 兰州市大气颗粒物中化学特征污染物的筛选[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(4): 382-389.
引用本文: 于云江, 李良忠, 杨 林, 王 琼, 向明灯, 林海鹏, 孙 朋. 兰州市大气颗粒物中化学特征污染物的筛选[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(4): 382-389.
YU Yun-jiang, LI Liang-zhong, YANG Lin, WANG Qiong, XIANG Ming-deng, LIN Hai-peng, SUN Peng. Screening Chemical Characteristic Pollutants Bound to Atmospheric Particulate Matter in Lanzhou City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(4): 382-389.
Citation: YU Yun-jiang, LI Liang-zhong, YANG Lin, WANG Qiong, XIANG Ming-deng, LIN Hai-peng, SUN Peng. Screening Chemical Characteristic Pollutants Bound to Atmospheric Particulate Matter in Lanzhou City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(4): 382-389.

兰州市大气颗粒物中化学特征污染物的筛选

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201309047); 国家自然科学基金项目(21177119)

Screening Chemical Characteristic Pollutants Bound to Atmospheric Particulate Matter in Lanzhou City

  • 摘要: 采用综合评分法对兰州市大气颗粒物中化学特征污染物进行筛选. 综合评分法的指标体系主要由环境检出率、潜在危害指数和环境影响度等9项指标组成,综合分值总分为280分. 筛选结果表明:苯并芘(综合评分为272,下同)、Pb(262)、Cr(262)、Ni(262)、Cd(262)、Cu(246)、苯并蒽(230)、二苯并[a,h]蒽(215)、Zn(214)、苯并荧蒽(212)10种化学污染物得分较高,为兰州市大气颗粒物中重点关注的化学污染物. 而Hasse图解法筛选结果表明,苯并芘、Pb、Cr、二苯并[a,h]蒽、Ni、Cd、Cu、Zn、苯并蒽9种化学污染物的危害性排序靠前. 在综合评分法的基础上利用Hasse图解法对化学特征污染物进行筛选,按照危害性大小,兰州市大气颗粒物中化学特征污染物可分为5个层次,依次为:①苯并芘、Pb和Cr;②Ni、二苯并[a,h]蒽;③Cu、Cd;④苯并蒽、Zn;⑤苯并荧蒽. 综合评分法和Hasse图解法的结合应用既简化了单一Hasse图解法筛选化学特征污染物的繁琐过程,又可实现对污染物危害性的较全面认识.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-06-17
  • 修回日期:  2014-02-20
  • 刊出日期:  2014-04-25

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