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菲的淡水沉积物环境预测无效应浓度推导

李 霁 刘征涛 刘秀华 张亚辉 李捍东 高 超

李 霁, 刘征涛, 刘秀华, 张亚辉, 李捍东, 高 超. 菲的淡水沉积物环境预测无效应浓度推导[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(7): 790-796.
引用本文: 李 霁, 刘征涛, 刘秀华, 张亚辉, 李捍东, 高 超. 菲的淡水沉积物环境预测无效应浓度推导[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(7): 790-796.
LI Ji, LIU Zheng-tao, LIU Xiu-hua, ZHANG Ya-hui, LI Han-dong, GAO Chao. Derivation of Predicted No Effect Concentrations for Phenanthrene in Freshwater Sediments[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(7): 790-796.
Citation: LI Ji, LIU Zheng-tao, LIU Xiu-hua, ZHANG Ya-hui, LI Han-dong, GAO Chao. Derivation of Predicted No Effect Concentrations for Phenanthrene in Freshwater Sediments[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(7): 790-796.

菲的淡水沉积物环境预测无效应浓度推导

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201109052)

Derivation of Predicted No Effect Concentrations for Phenanthrene in Freshwater Sediments

  • 摘要: 近年来PAHs(多环芳烃)因其持久性、生物蓄积性和毒性而备受关注. 菲是我国沉积物中普遍检出的一种优控PAHs,具有独特的“K”区和“湾”区结构,常作为研究PAHs环境效应的模式化合物. 以菲为研究对象,搜集、整理其对我国本土水生生物的急、慢性毒性数据,运用TGD(欧盟风险评价技术导则文件)推荐的平衡分配法,推导菲的淡水PNECsed(沉积物环境预测无效应浓度,以干质量计). 结果表明:共获得4门7科的17个急性毒性数据和5门7科的10个慢性毒性数据;物种敏感性分析显示,鱼类对菲较为敏感. 采用平衡分配法推导菲的淡水PNECsed为256.9 μg/kg,该值可为我国水体沉积物中菲的生态风险评价提供参考.比较结果显示,我国大部分淡水沉积物中实测w(菲)未超过PNECsed,其生态风险较小;巢湖和黄河兰州段个别采样点的w(菲)超过菲的淡水PNECsed,分别是菲的淡水PNECsed的1.02和3.23倍,高w(菲)可能会对水生生物造成危害.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2013-10-15
  • 修回日期:  2014-03-12
  • 刊出日期:  2014-07-25

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