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基于SSD方法比较中美物种对铜的敏感性差异

赵天慧 周北海 方怡向 陈 程 王 颖 穆云松

赵天慧, 周北海, 方怡向, 陈 程, 王 颖, 穆云松. 基于SSD方法比较中美物种对铜的敏感性差异[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(8): 873-880.
引用本文: 赵天慧, 周北海, 方怡向, 陈 程, 王 颖, 穆云松. 基于SSD方法比较中美物种对铜的敏感性差异[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(8): 873-880.
ZHAO Tian-hui, ZHOU Bei-hai, FANG Yi-xiang, CHEN Cheng, WANG Ying, MU Yun-song. Comparison of Freshwater Biota Species Sensitivity Distributions to Copper in China and the United States[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(8): 873-880.
Citation: ZHAO Tian-hui, ZHOU Bei-hai, FANG Yi-xiang, CHEN Cheng, WANG Ying, MU Yun-song. Comparison of Freshwater Biota Species Sensitivity Distributions to Copper in China and the United States[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(8): 873-880.

基于SSD方法比较中美物种对铜的敏感性差异

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(U0833603,41130743);国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2008CB418200)

Comparison of Freshwater Biota Species Sensitivity Distributions to Copper in China and the United States

  • 摘要: 基于无机铜(以下简称铜)对中、美淡水水生动物的毒性数据,构建了中、美水生动物对铜的SSD(物种敏感度分布)曲线,比较了中、美物种的HC5(hazardous concentration at 5th percentile of the species,保护95%以上物种的浓度水平)及其差异. 结果表明:在HC5下,中国的水生动物对铜的敏感性排序为节肢动物>非节肢动物>鱼类,无脊椎动物>脊椎动物;而美国不同物种对铜的敏感性排序为非节肢动物>节肢动物>鱼类,无脊椎动物>脊椎动物. 根据铜短期暴露的HC5对中、美物种敏感性进行比较可知,中国鱼类、节肢动物和脊椎动物的敏感性均大于美国相应物种;而中国非节肢无脊椎动物和无脊椎动物均小于美国相应物种. 研究所选的美国全部物种对铜的敏感性略高于中国物种,但二者仅相差0.52 μg/L. 除非节肢无脊椎动物外,中、美水生生物对铜的SSD敏感性分布均未见显著差异. 因此,在推导中国水质基准时应注重考虑敏感性物种(如节肢动物).

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-10-10
  • 修回日期:  2013-12-26
  • 刊出日期:  2014-08-25

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