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基于保护地下水的北京市土壤通用筛选值推导

钟茂生 姜 林 贾晓洋 李婷婷 姚珏君 夏天翔 樊艳玲

钟茂生, 姜 林, 贾晓洋, 李婷婷, 姚珏君, 夏天翔, 樊艳玲. 基于保护地下水的北京市土壤通用筛选值推导[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(8): 888-897.
引用本文: 钟茂生, 姜 林, 贾晓洋, 李婷婷, 姚珏君, 夏天翔, 樊艳玲. 基于保护地下水的北京市土壤通用筛选值推导[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(8): 888-897.
ZHONG Mao-sheng, JIANG Lin, JIA Xiao-yang, LI Ting-ting, YAO Jue-jun, XIA Tian-xiang, FAN Yan-ling. Derivation of Soil Screening Values for Groundwater Protection in Beijing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(8): 888-897.
Citation: ZHONG Mao-sheng, JIANG Lin, JIA Xiao-yang, LI Ting-ting, YAO Jue-jun, XIA Tian-xiang, FAN Yan-ling. Derivation of Soil Screening Values for Groundwater Protection in Beijing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(8): 888-897.

基于保护地下水的北京市土壤通用筛选值推导

基金项目: 北京市科学技术委员会重大项目(D08040000360000);中意污染场地管理国际合作项目

Derivation of Soil Screening Values for Groundwater Protection in Beijing

  • 摘要: 分别采用三相平衡耦合地下水稀释模型(以下称方法1)和SESOIL耦合地下水稀释模型(以下称方法2)对北京市不同水文地质条件(永定河山前冲洪积扇顶部区域、中上部区域和下部区域)下27种VOCs(挥发性有机污染物)、31种SVOCs(半挥发性有机污染物)、11种农药/PCBs(多氯联苯)及二英基于保护地下水的土壤通用筛选值进行推导. 结果表明,下部区域土壤通用筛选值最保守,顶部区域次之,中上部区域最宽松. 采用方法1推导的中上部区域土壤通用筛选值分别是顶部区域和下部区域的1.1~1.4、9.9~34.9倍,顶部区域土壤通用筛选值是下部的10.7~24.9倍;采用方法2推导的中上部区域土壤通用筛选值是下部区域的9.8~49.9倍. 对于有连续非饱和带弱水层的中上部区域及下部区域,方法2推导的结果较方法1宽松. 其中,PAHs(多环芳烃)、PCBs、二英、多数农药及酯类等高Koc(有机碳-水分配系数)污染物均难以穿透清洁非饱和土壤进入地下水;而对于VOCs、酚类等低Koc污染物,方法2推导的中上部区域土壤通用筛选值普遍是方法1的4.3~18.4倍,下部区域为方法1的3.0~24.6倍. 考虑到土壤通用筛选值应具有风险筛选功能及一定保守性,建议各种污染物以顶部区域方法1推导结果及中上部区域和下部区域方法2推导结果中最保守的值作为北京市基于保护地下水的土壤通用筛选值.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-08-27
  • 修回日期:  2014-01-06
  • 刊出日期:  2014-08-25

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