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小溪港浮游植物群落特征及水质评价

陈琳荔 邹 华 庄 严 张虎军

陈琳荔, 邹 华, 庄 严, 张虎军. 小溪港浮游植物群落特征及水质评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(9): 1016-1023.
引用本文: 陈琳荔, 邹 华, 庄 严, 张虎军. 小溪港浮游植物群落特征及水质评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(9): 1016-1023.
CHEN Lin-li, ZOU Hua, ZHUANG Yan, ZHANG Hu-jun. Phytoplankton Community Characteristics and Ecological Assessment of Water Quality in Xiaoxi Port[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(9): 1016-1023.
Citation: CHEN Lin-li, ZOU Hua, ZHUANG Yan, ZHANG Hu-jun. Phytoplankton Community Characteristics and Ecological Assessment of Water Quality in Xiaoxi Port[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(9): 1016-1023.

小溪港浮游植物群落特征及水质评价

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07503-002-01)

Phytoplankton Community Characteristics and Ecological Assessment of Water Quality in Xiaoxi Port

  • 摘要: 2012—2013年于春、夏、秋、冬四季对小溪港进行4次水环境质量调查,利用种类组成、种群数量、优势种、Shannon-Weiner多样性指数和SI(污生指数)等指标分析小溪港浮游植物群落特征,并对小溪港水环境质量状况进行评价. 结果表明:小溪港浮游植物共8门51种,其中绿藻门的种类数最多,共26种,占总种数的50.98%;其次为硅藻门,共9种,占17.65%;蓝藻门5种,占9.80%. 浮游植物数量年均值为184.16×104 L-1,主要为蓝藻门、绿藻门和硅藻门;峰值出现在夏季,为292.43×104 L-1,之后为春、秋和冬季. 小溪港的优势种共4门7种,分别为蓝藻门的微囊藻(Microcystis spp.),绿藻门的星芒衣藻(Chlamydomonas stellata)、丝藻(Planctonema sp.)、小球藻(Chlorella vulgaris),硅藻门的小环藻(Cyclotella spp.),隐藻门的啮蚀隐藻(Cryptomonas erosa)、尖尾蓝隐藻(Chroomonas acuta). Shannon-Weiner多样性指数、Margalef丰富度指数和Pielou均匀度指数均显示出明显的季节变化规律,其年均值分别为1.81、1.55、0.51;SI年均值为2.44. 总体上,小溪港水质污染状况为中污染.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-09-05
  • 修回日期:  2014-02-17
  • 刊出日期:  2014-09-25

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