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广西红水河大型底栖动物群落结构时空分布特征

赵 茜 高 欣 张 远 赵 瑞 丁 森 刘思思

赵 茜, 高 欣, 张 远, 赵 瑞, 丁 森, 刘思思. 广西红水河大型底栖动物群落结构时空分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(10): 1150-1156.
引用本文: 赵 茜, 高 欣, 张 远, 赵 瑞, 丁 森, 刘思思. 广西红水河大型底栖动物群落结构时空分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(10): 1150-1156.
ZHAO Qian, GAO Xin, ZHANG Yuan, ZHAO Rui, DING Sen, LIU Si-si. Study on Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Macroinvertebrate Communities in Hongshui River, Guangxi Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(10): 1150-1156.
Citation: ZHAO Qian, GAO Xin, ZHANG Yuan, ZHAO Rui, DING Sen, LIU Si-si. Study on Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Macroinvertebrate Communities in Hongshui River, Guangxi Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(10): 1150-1156.

广西红水河大型底栖动物群落结构时空分布特征

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-001-04);中欧环境可持续发展计划(DCI-ASIE/2013/323-261)

Study on Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Macroinvertebrate Communities in Hongshui River, Guangxi Province

  • 摘要: 为了解广西红水河流域大型底栖动物群落结构状况,于2013年春季(4月)、夏季(7月)、秋季(11月)对红水河流域13个采样点进行了调查. 采集并鉴定出大型底栖动物179个分类单元,隶属7纲20目66科. 其中水生昆虫种类数所占比例最高(79.3%),软体动物次之(15.1%). 各季节大型底栖动物个体数表现为夏季>春季>秋季. 依据大型底栖动物群落组成相似性,利用聚类分析将13个采样点分为2组. 组1采样点主要分布于岩滩水库和红水河干流,组2采样点主要分布于各个支流,2组采样点在无度量多维标定排序轴上分布差异明显. 指示种分析结果显示,组1指示种为马速达多足摇蚊(Polypedilum masudai),组2指示种以宜兴似动蜉(Cinygmina yixingensis)敏感物种为主. 功能摄食类群研究结果表明,红水河大型底栖动物以刮食者占绝对优势,其个体数占总个体数的比例为36.45%,撕食者(6.15%)和杂食者(3.25%)所占比例较小. 单因素方差分析结果显示,其他类(包括软甲纲、蛭纲以及蜱螨亚纲)和捕食者相对丰度存在季节性差异(P<0.05). T检验结果表明,收集者、捕食者和杂食者存在组间差异(P<0.05).

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-01-14
  • 修回日期:  2014-07-07
  • 刊出日期:  2014-10-25

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