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兰州市西固区土壤中PAHs污染特征及来源解析

蒋煜峰 胡雪菲 王蓓蕾 展惠英 UWAMUNGU Jean Yves

蒋煜峰, 胡雪菲, 王蓓蕾, 展惠英, UWAMUNGU Jean Yves. 兰州市西固区土壤中PAHs污染特征及来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(10): 1164-1171.
引用本文: 蒋煜峰, 胡雪菲, 王蓓蕾, 展惠英, UWAMUNGU Jean Yves. 兰州市西固区土壤中PAHs污染特征及来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(10): 1164-1171.
JIANG Yu-feng, HU Xue-fei, WANG Bei-lei, ZHAN Hui-ying, UWAMUNGU Jean Yves. Levels, Source Identification and Contamination Characteristics of PAHs in Soils from Xigu District in Lanzhou, Northwestern China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(10): 1164-1171.
Citation: JIANG Yu-feng, HU Xue-fei, WANG Bei-lei, ZHAN Hui-ying, UWAMUNGU Jean Yves. Levels, Source Identification and Contamination Characteristics of PAHs in Soils from Xigu District in Lanzhou, Northwestern China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(10): 1164-1171.

兰州市西固区土壤中PAHs污染特征及来源解析

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41363008,21067005)

Levels, Source Identification and Contamination Characteristics of PAHs in Soils from Xigu District in Lanzhou, Northwestern China

  • 摘要: 为了解石油工业区土壤中PAHs(多环芳烃)的污染特征、来源及潜在危害,选择兰州市西固区为研究区域,系统采集表层土壤样品及部分剖面样品,采用GC-MS检测方法,分析了土壤中PAHs的污染水平与分布、来源及潜在致癌风险. 结果表明:研究区表层(0~20 cm)土壤中w(∑PAHs)(22种PAHs的总质量分数)在535~32 300 μg/kg之间;PAHs在土壤剖面的纵向分布上主要集中在5~10 cm,在0~25 cm范围内变化不明显;表层土壤中PAHs主要以2~3环为主. 相关性分析显示,土壤中w(∑PAHs)与w(TOC)无显著的相关性,表明TOC并非影响土壤中PAHs持留的重要因素. 研究区土壤中PAHs主要来源于石油、生物质和煤炭的燃烧,∑TEQBaP (22种PAHs的毒性当量浓度,以苯并芘等效浓度计)平均值为190 μg/kg,表明土壤中PAHs的潜在致癌性较低.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-10-28
  • 修回日期:  2014-04-16
  • 刊出日期:  2014-10-25

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