留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

菜籽饼生物炭中污染物赋存特征及其用于土壤改良的适宜性评价

罗 飞 宋 静 董敏刚 夏伟霞 韦 婧 陈梦舫

罗 飞, 宋 静, 董敏刚, 夏伟霞, 韦 婧, 陈梦舫. 菜籽饼生物炭中污染物赋存特征及其用于土壤改良的适宜性评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(11): 1292-1297.
引用本文: 罗 飞, 宋 静, 董敏刚, 夏伟霞, 韦 婧, 陈梦舫. 菜籽饼生物炭中污染物赋存特征及其用于土壤改良的适宜性评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(11): 1292-1297.
LUO Fei, SONG Jing, DONG Min-gang, XIA Wei-xia, WEI Jing, CHEN Meng-fang. Characterization of Contaminants in Rapeseed Cake-Derived Biochars and Evaluation of Their Suitability for Soil Improvement[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(11): 1292-1297.
Citation: LUO Fei, SONG Jing, DONG Min-gang, XIA Wei-xia, WEI Jing, CHEN Meng-fang. Characterization of Contaminants in Rapeseed Cake-Derived Biochars and Evaluation of Their Suitability for Soil Improvement[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(11): 1292-1297.

菜籽饼生物炭中污染物赋存特征及其用于土壤改良的适宜性评价

基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201309005);国家高技术研究发展计划(863)项目(2013AA062608,2012AA101402-2);中国-捷克政府间科技合作项目(40-4)

Characterization of Contaminants in Rapeseed Cake-Derived Biochars and Evaluation of Their Suitability for Soil Improvement

  • 摘要: 生物炭作为土壤改良剂在农业生产活动中具有巨大的应用价值,但其自身携载的污染物可能会对环境产生影响,因而需要引起关注. 以菜籽饼为前体材料,采用厌氧炭化法于200~700 ℃下制备生物炭,研究了生物炭中PAHs(多环芳烃)、重金属及矿质元素的赋存特征,评估了施用生物炭的环境适宜性. 结果表明:生物炭中PAHs总量(以w计)为0.2~3.4 mg/kg,重金属及矿质元素Cu、Zn、Pb、Cd、Cr、Ni、Fe和Mn的全量(以w计)分别为8.9~23.3、149.9~372.1、1.1~1.9、<0.014、6.3~14.8、5.9~14.0、140.6~462.1和86.8~269.2 mg/kg. 所有生物炭的PAHs总量和重金属全量均低于我国、美国及欧洲国家的污泥农用控制标准(以上各国PAHs总量以及Cu、Zn、Pb、Cd、Cr和Ni全量的最低标准值分别为6、250、500、300、5、600和100 mg/kg),少数生物炭中易淋溶态Mn质量浓度超过以上国家的地下水或饮用水标准(各国的最低标准值为50 μg/L). 总之,高温(500~700 ℃)条件下制备的生物炭中PAHs总量及易淋溶态元素质量浓度较低,适宜在土壤中施用.

     

  • [1] LEHMANN J,RILLIG M C,THIES J,et al.Biochar effects on soil biota:a review.Soil Biol Biochem,2011,3(9):1812-1836.
    [2] DOWNIE A,CROSKY A,MUNROE P.Physical properties of biochar//LEHMANN J,JOSEPH S.Biochar for environmental management:science and technology.London:Earthscan,2009:13-32.
    [3] VAN ZWIETEN L,KIMBER S,MORRIS S,et al.Effects of biochar from slow pyrolysis of papermill waste on agronomic performance and soil fertility.Plant Soil,2010,7(1/2):235-246.
    [4] SOHI S P,KRULL E,LOPEZ-CAPEL E,et al.A review of biochar and its use and function in soil.Adv Agron Academic Press,2010,105:47-82.
    [5] CAO X,MA L,LIANG Y,et al.Simultaneous immobilization of lead and atrazine in contaminated soils using dairy-manure biochar.Environ Sci Technol,2011,5(11):4884-4889.
    [6] YANG Y,SHENG G.Enhanced pesticide sorption by soils containing particulate matter from crop residue burns.Environ Sci Technol,2003,7(16):3635-3639.
    [7] HALE S E,LEHMANN J,RUTHERFORD D,et al.Quantifying the total and bioavailable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and dioxins in biochars.Environ Sci Technol,2012,6(5):2830-2838.
    [8] KEILUWEIT M,KLEBER M,SPARROW M A,et al.Solvent-extractable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biochar:influence of pyrolysis temperature and feedstock.Environ Sci Technol,2012,6(17):9333-9341.
    [9] CANTRELL K B,HUNT P G,UCHIMIYA M,et al.Impact of pyrolysis temperature and manure source on physicochemical characteristics of biochar.Bioresour Technol,2012,7:419-428.
    [10] HOSSAIN M K,STREZOV V,CHAN K Y,et al.Influence of pyrolysis temperature on production and nutrient properties of wastewater sludge biochar.J Environ Manage,2011,2(1):223-228.
    [11] KOOKANA R S,SARMAH A K,VAN ZWIETEN L,et al.Biochar application to soil:agronomic and environmental benefits and unintended consequences.Advances in Agronomy,2011,2(1):103-143.
    [12] HUANG Y,WEI J,SONG J,et al.Determination of low levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil by high performance liquid chromatography with tandem fluorescence and diode-array detectors.Chemosphere,2013,2(8):1010-1016.
    [13] US EPA.Method 6020A:inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.Washington DC:U.S.Environmental Protection Agency,2007.
    [14] LINDSAY W L,NORVELL W A.Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc,iron,manganese,and copper.Soil Sci Soc Am J,1978,2(3):421-428.
    [15] US EPA.Method 1312:synthetic precipitation leaching procedure.Washington DC:U.S.Environmental Protection Agency,1994.
    [16] 刘锋,王琪,黄启飞,等.固体废物浸出毒性浸出方法标准研究.环境科学研究,2008,1(6):9-15.LIU Feng,WANG Qi,HUANG Qifei,et al.Study on the standard methods of leaching toxicity of solid waste.Research of Environmental Sciences,2008,1(6):9-15.
    [17] BROWN R A,KERCHER A K,NGUYEN T H,et al.Production and characterization of synthetic wood chars for use as surrogates for natural sorbents.Org Geochem,2006,7(3):321-333.
    [18] NAKAJIMA D,NAGAME S,KURAMOCHI H,et al.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon generation behavior in the process of carbonization of wood.B Environ Contam Tox,2007,9(2):221-225.
    [19] PITTMAN C U,MOHAN D,ESEYIN A,et al.Characterization of bio-oils produced from fast pyrolysis of corn stalks in an auger reactor.Energ Fuel,2012,6(6):3816-3825.
    [20] FREDDO A,CAI C,REID B J.Environmental contextualisation of potential toxic elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biochar.Environ Pollut,2012,1:18-24.
    [21] EC.Disposal and recycling routes for sewage sludge:Part 2.regulatory report.Luxembourg:European Communities,2001.
    [22] EC.Proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on spreading of sludge on land.Brussels:European Communities,2003.
    [23] US EPA.Biosolids applied to land:advancing standards and practices.Washington DC:U.S.Environmental Protection Agency,National Research Council,2002.
    [24] 城乡建设环境保护部.GB 4284—1984 农用污泥中污染物控制标准.北京:城乡建设环境保护部,1984.
    [25] CEC.Council directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption.Brussels:Commission of the European Communities,Official Journal of the European Communities,1998.
    [26] US EPA.EPA 816-F-09-004 national primary/secondary drinking water regulations.Washington DC:U.S.Environmental Protection Agency,2009.
    [27] US EPA.58FR9248 Part 503-standards for the use or disposal of sewage sludge.Washington DC:U.S.Environmental Protection Agency,1993.
    [28] CEC.Council directive of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment,and in particular of the soil,when sewage sludge is used in agriculture,86/278/EEC.Brussels:Commission of the European Communities,Official Journal of the European Communities,1986.
    [29] 国家技术监督局.GB/T 14848—1993 地下水质量标准.北京:国家技术监督局,1993.
    [30] GLASER B,LEHMANN J,ZECH W.Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal:a review.Biol Fert Soils,2002,5(4):219-230.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3556
  • HTML全文浏览量:  17
  • PDF下载量:  58
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-12-01
  • 修回日期:  2013-12-23
  • 刊出日期:  2014-11-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回