留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

中国电力行业多污染物控制成本与效果分析

汪 俊 王祖光 赵 斌 王书肖 郝吉明

汪 俊, 王祖光, 赵 斌, 王书肖, 郝吉明. 中国电力行业多污染物控制成本与效果分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(11): 1314-1322.
引用本文: 汪 俊, 王祖光, 赵 斌, 王书肖, 郝吉明. 中国电力行业多污染物控制成本与效果分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(11): 1314-1322.
WANG Jun, WANG Zu-guang, ZHAO Bin, WANG Shu-xiao, HAO Ji-ming. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Multi-Pollutant Emission Reduction in Power Sector of China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(11): 1314-1322.
Citation: WANG Jun, WANG Zu-guang, ZHAO Bin, WANG Shu-xiao, HAO Ji-ming. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Multi-Pollutant Emission Reduction in Power Sector of China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(11): 1314-1322.

中国电力行业多污染物控制成本与效果分析

基金项目: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAC13B03);环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室专项(12L05ESPC)

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Multi-Pollutant Emission Reduction in Power Sector of China

  • 摘要: 利用情景分析法建立了2010—2030年我国电力行业SO2、NOx、PM10、PM2.5的排放控制情景,分析了发电技术结构调整、加严及进一步加严末端控制措施(脱硫、脱硝、除尘等)的减排成本和效果. 结果表明:到2030年,相对于趋势照常情景,若加严末端控制设施,将新增336×108元投资,SO2、NOx、PM10、PM2.5排放量可分别减少121×104、852×104、18×104、10×104 t;若进一步加严末端控制措施,将再新增25×108元投资,NOx、PM10、PM2.5可分别进一步减排45×104、23×104、15×104 t;若进行发电技术结构调整,将新增2 383×108元投资,SO2、NOx、PM10、PM2.5排放量分别减少248×104、420×104、18×104、10×104 t;2020年和2030年发电技术结构调整带来的单位污染物减排成本分别为15 374和34 239元/t,是末端控制措施加严的3倍以上,但其能提供更大的SO2减排空间并具有降低能耗和减排温室气体等协同效益. 从成本效果角度考虑,建议采用加严末端控制措施方案,同时调整发电技术结构、合理发展清洁发电技术,以为污染物减排提供更大空间.

     

  • [1] 环境保护部.2012年环境统计年报:废气[EB/OL].北京:环境保护部,2013[2013-12-25].http://zls.mep.gov.cn/hjtj/nb/2012 tjnb/201312/t20131225_265552.htm.
    [2] 于超,王书肖,郝吉明.基于模糊评价方法的燃煤电厂氮氧化物控制技术评价.环境科学,2010,1(7):1465-1469.YU Chao,WANG Shuxiao,HAO Jiming.Comprehensive fuzzy evaluation of nitrogen oxide control technologies for coal-fired power plants.Environmental Science,2010,1(7):1465-1469.
    [3] CAI Wenjia,WANG Can,WANG Ke,et al.Scenario analysis on CO2 emissions reduction potential in China's electricity sector.Energy Policy,2007,5(12):6445-6456.
    [4] 刘通浩.中国电力行业NOx排放控制成本效益分析.北京:清华大学,2012.LIU Tonghao.Cost-benefit analysis of the NOx emission control of power industry in China.Beijing:Tsinghua University,2012.
    [5] CAO Jing,GARBACCIO R,HO M.Benefits and costs of SO2 abatement policies in China.Review of Environmental Economics and Policy,2009,3(2):231-250.
    [6] WEI Wei,WANG Shuxiao,HAO Jiming,et al.Projection of anthropogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions in China for the period 2010-2020.Atmos Environ,2011,5(38):6863-6871.
    [7] ZHAO Bin,WANG Shuxiao,LIU Huan,et al.NOx emissions in China:historical trends and future perspectives.Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2013,3(19):9869-9897.
    [8] 国家统计局能源司.中国能源统计年鉴2011.北京:中国统计出版社,2011:49-93.Energy Division of National Bureau.China energy statistical yearbook 2011.Beijing:China Statistics Press,2011:49-93.
    [9] 《中国电力年鉴》编辑委员会.中国电力年鉴2011.北京:中国电力出版社,2011:718-761.Editorial Board of China Electric Power Yearbook.China electric power yearbook 2011.Beijing:China Electric Power Press,2011:718-761.
    [10] 环境保护部.全国投运燃煤机组脱硫设施清单[EB/OL].北京:环境保护部,2011[2011-04-11].http://www.mep.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/bgg/201104/t20110420_209449.htm.
    [11] 环境保护部.全国投运燃煤机组脱硝设施清单[EB/OL].北京:环境保护部,2011[2011-04-11].http://www.zhb.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/201204/w20120424390773913150.pdf.
    [12] 中国电力企业联合会.中国电力行业年度发展报告(2011).北京:中国市场出版社,2011:109-110.
    [13] ZHAO Yu,WANG Shuxiao,NIELSEN C P,et al.Establishment of a database of emission factors for atmospheric pollutants from Chinese coal-fired power plants.Atmos Environ,2010,4(12):1515-1523.
    [14] WANG Shuxiao,XING Jia,CHATANI S,et al.Verification of anthropogenic emissions of China by satellite and ground observations.Atmos Environ,2011,5(35):6347-6358.
    [15] KUROKAWA J,OHARA T,MORIKAWA T,et al.Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over Asian regions during 2000-2008:regional emission inventory in Asia(REAS)version 2.Atmos Chem Phy,2013,3(21):11019-11058.
    [16] OHARA T,AKIMOTO H,KUROKAWA J,et al.An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020.Atmos Chem Phy,2007,7(16):4419-4444.
    [17] KLIMONT Z,COFALA J,SCHPP W,et al.Projections of SO2,NOx,NH3 and VOC emissions in East Asia up to 2030.Water Air Soil Pollut,2001,0(1/2/3/4):193-198.
    [18] ZHANG Qiang,STREETS D G,CARMICHAEL G R,et al.Asian emissions in 2006 for the NASA INTEX-B mission.Atmos Chem Phy,2009,9(14):5131-5153.
    [19] ZHAO Yu,WANG Shuxiao,DUAN Lei,et al.Primary air pollutant emissions of coal-fired power plants in China:current status and future prediction.Atmos Environ,2008,2(36):8442-8452.
    [20] 王文选,肖志均,夏怀祥.火电厂脱硝技术综述.电力设备,2006,7(8):1-5.
    [21] WANG Shuxiao,ZHAO Bin,CAI Siyi,et al.Emission trends and mitigation options for air pollutants in East Asia.Atmos Chem Phy Discuss,2014,4(2):2601-2674.
    [22] 国家发展和改革委员会.可再生能源中长期发展规划[EB/OL].北京:国家发展和改革委员会,2007[2007-08-31].http://www.sdpc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/2007tongzhi/t20070904_157352.htm.
    [23] 国家发展和改革委员会.核电发展规划(2005—2020)[EB/OL].北京:国家发展和改革委员会,2007[2007-11-02].http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/gzdt/t20071102_170163.htm.
    [24] 国家发展和改革委员会.天然气利用政策[EB/OL].北京:国家发展和改革委员会,2007[2007-08-30].http://www.sdpc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/2007tongzhi/t20070904_157244.htm.
    [25] 中国电力企业联合会.中国电力行业发展规划研究报告(2011).北京:中国水利水电出版社,2011:19-39.
    [26] 国务院.国家环境保护“十二五”规划[EB/OL].北京:国务院,2011[2011-12-15].http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2011-12/20/content_ 2024895.htm.
    [27] 环境保护部,国家质量监督检验检疫总局.GB 13223—2011火电厂大气污染物排放标准.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2012.
    [28] WANG Shuxiao,ZHANG Lei,ZHAO Bin,et al.Mitigation potential of mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants in China.Energy Fuels,2012,6(8):4635-4642.
    [29] HIBINO G,PANDEY R,MATSUOKA Y,et al.A guide to AIM/Enduse model//Climate policy assessment:Asia-Pacific integrated modeling.Japan:Springer,2002.
    [30] LIU Qiang,SHI Minjun,JIANG Kejun.New power generation technology options under the greenhouse gases mitigation scenario in China.Energy Policy,2009,7(6):2440-2449.
    [31] 国网能源研究院.2012中国新能源发电分析报告.北京:国网能源研究院,2012:49-57.
    [32] CAO Jing,HO M,JORGENSON D.“Co-benefits” of greenhouse gas mitigation policies in China:an integrated top-down and bottom-up modeling analysis.Washington DC:Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series,2008.
    [33] COFALA J,SYRI S.Nitrogen oxides emissions,abatement technologies and related costs for Europe in the RAINS model database.IR-98-88.Laxenburg,Austria:International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA),1998.
    [34] AMANN M,JIANG Kejun,HAO Jiming,et al.GAINS-Asia scenarios for cost-effective control of air pollution and greenhouse gases in China.Laxenburg,Austria:International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis(IIASA),2008.
    [35] ZHAO Lifeng,XIAO Yunhan,GALLAGHER K S,et al.Technical,environmental,and economic assessment of deploying advanced coal power technologies in the Chinese context.Energy Policy,2008,6(7):2709-2718.
    [36] International Energy Agency.World energy outlook 2007.Paris:OECD Publishing,2007.
    [37] GALLAGHER K S,HOLDREN J P,SAGAR A D.Energy-technology innovation.Annual Review Environment Resources,2006,1:193-237.
    [38] 廖永进,王力,骆文波.火电厂烟气脱硫装置成本费用的研究.电力建设,2007,8(4):82-86.LIAO Yongjin,WANG Li,LUO Wenbo.Cost research of thermal power plant FGD system.Electric Power Construction,2007,8(4):82-86.
    [39] 环境保护部.《火电厂氮氧化物防治技术政策(征求意见稿)》编制说明[EB/OL].北京:环境保护部,2012[2012-09-20].http://www.zhb.gov.cn/info/bgw/bbgth/200906/W0200906255 04457133594.pdf.
    [40] AMANN M,BERTOK I,BORKEN-KLEEFELD J,et al.Cost-effective emission reductions to improve air quality in Europe in 2020//Scenarios for the negotiations on the revision of the gothenburg protocol under the convention on long-range transboundary air pollution.Laxenburg,Austria:International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA),2011.
    [41] VAN GRINSVEN H J M,HOLLAND M,JACOBSEN B H,et al.Costs and benefits of nitrogen for Europe and implications for mitigation.Environ Sci Technol,2013,7(8):3571-3579.
    [42] 环境保护部.火电厂除尘工程技术规范》(征求意见稿)编制说明[EB/OL].北京:环境保护部,2012[2012-10-10].http://www.mep.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/bgth/201210/t20121015_238355.htm.
    [43] 国家发展计划委员会,财政部,国家环境保护总局,等.排污费征收标准管理办法[EB/OL].北京:国家发展计划委员会,2003[2003-02-28].http://wenku.baidu.com/view/98ad8163f5335a 8102d22082.html.
    [44] 杨文夷,李杰,朱莉莉,等.我国空气污染物人为源排放清单对比.环境科学研究,2013,6(7):703-711.YANG Wenyi,LI Jie,ZHU Lili,et al.Comparison of anthropogenic emission inventories of China.Research of Environmental Sciences,2013,6(7):703-711.
    [45] 环境保护部.2010年环境统计年报:废气[EB/OL].北京:环境保护部,2012[2012-01-18].http://zls.mep.gov.cn/hjtj/nb/2010tjnb/201201/t20120118_222725.htm.
    [46] ZHAO Yu,ZHANG Jie,NIELSEN C P.The effects of recent control policies on trends in emissions of anthropogenic atmospheric pollutants and CO2 in China.Atmos Chem Phy,2013,3(2):487-508.
    [47] AMANN M,KLIMONT Z,WAGNER F.Regional and global emissions of air pollutants:recent trends and future scenarios.Annual Review of Environment and Resources,2013,8:31-55.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3425
  • HTML全文浏览量:  14
  • PDF下载量:  66
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-01-16
  • 修回日期:  2014-04-10
  • 刊出日期:  2014-11-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回