留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

轿车内苯系物的健康风险评价

陈小开 程赫明 冯莉莉

陈小开, 程赫明, 冯莉莉. 轿车内苯系物的健康风险评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(11): 1331-1337.
引用本文: 陈小开, 程赫明, 冯莉莉. 轿车内苯系物的健康风险评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(11): 1331-1337.
CHEN Xiao-kai, CHENG He-ming, FENG Li-li. Health Risk Assessment of Benzene Homologues in Sedans Cabins[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(11): 1331-1337.
Citation: CHEN Xiao-kai, CHENG He-ming, FENG Li-li. Health Risk Assessment of Benzene Homologues in Sedans Cabins[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(11): 1331-1337.

轿车内苯系物的健康风险评价

基金项目: 云南省自然科学基金项目(KKSY201206158,2013FZ080);云南教育厅重点项目(2013Z039)

Health Risk Assessment of Benzene Homologues in Sedans Cabins

  • 摘要: 为分析车内苯系物污染对不同性别驾乘人员的致癌风险和非致癌风险,对65辆轿车内空气中ρ(苯)、ρ(甲苯)、ρ(乙苯)和ρ(二甲苯)进行评价;提出车内苯的基本致癌风险浓度与危险致癌风险浓度概念及其计算公式,并与国内外相关标准中苯系物浓度标准限值进行对比分析. 结果表明:65辆轿车内空气中苯系物Hfz(综合非致癌指数)的最大值为0.44,低于US EPA(美国国家环境保护局)规定的非致癌风险基本值(1),对乘客与司机均不存在非致癌风险;但苯对司机Hza(致癌指数)的平均值为129.3×10-6,致癌风险较高;苯对男性乘客、女性乘客、男性司机与女性司机的Cwx(危险致癌风险浓度)分别为450.0、470.0、67.5和70.4 μg/m3. GB/T 27630—2011《乘用车内空气质量评价指南》中苯浓度标准限值对司机Hza的平均值为1.59×10-4,大于US EPA规定的苯致癌风险危险值(1×10-4),构成致癌危害;苯系物浓度标准限值对司机Hfz的平均值为1.15,构成非致癌危害. 轿车内空气中ρ(苯)、ρ(甲苯)、ρ(乙苯)和ρ(二甲苯)的合理限值分别为0.068、1.000、1.350和1.350 mg/m3.

     

  • [1] ZHOU Jian,YOU Yan,BAI Zhipeng,et al.Health risk assessment of personal inhalation exposure to volatile organic compounds in Tianjin,China.Sci Total Environ,2011,9(3):452-459.
    [2] TASTAN B E,DUYGU E,IlBAS M,et al.Utilization of LPG and gasoline engine exhaust emissions by microalgae.J Hazard Mater,2013,6:173-180.
    [3] HOGIE M,GUERBET M,REBER A.The toxic effects of toluene on the optokinetic nystagmus in pigmented rats.Ecotoxicol Environ Safety,2009,2(3):872-878.
    [4] FELTENS R,MGEL I,CARMEN R,et al.Chlorobenzene induces oxidative stress in human lung epithelial cells in vitro.Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology,2010,2(1):100-108.
    [5] 肖艳红,张卫东,赵琦,等.小型乘用车内直链烃和芳香烃污染特征研究.环境科学与技术,2012,5(5):56-59.XIAO Yanhong,ZHANG Weidong,ZHAO Qi,et al.Pollution of straight-chain and aromatic hydrocarbons in small passenger cars.Environmental Science & Technology(China),2012,5(5):56-59.
    [6] LI Shuang,CHEN Shuguang,ZHU Lizhong,et al.Concentrations and risk assessment of selected monoaromatic hydrocarbons in buses and bus stations of Hangzhou,China.Sci Total Environ,2009,7(6):2004-2011.
    [7] CHEN Xiaokai,ZHANG Guoqiang,ZHANG Quan,et al.Mass concentrations of BTEX inside air environment of buses in Changsha,China.Building and Environment,2011,6(2):421-427.
    [8] 付铁强,陆红雨,张仲荣,等.车内污染物组分检测研究.汽车工程,2010,2(12):1097-1101.FU Tieqiang,LU Hongyu,ZHANG Zhongrong,et al.A research on the detection of air pollutant components in the passenger compartment of vehicle.Automotive Engineering,2010,2(12):1097-1101.
    [9] 蔺宏良,余强.车内挥发性有机物检测方法与控制策略研究.环境工程,2012,0(5):104-107.LIN Hongliang,YU Qiang.Research on detection methods and control strategy of VOCs in vehicles.Environmental Engineering,2012,0(5):104-107.
    [10] 尤可为,葛蕴珊,王务林,等.车内污染物的测定和数值模拟研究.汽车工程,2010,2(8):727-730.YOU Kewei,GE Yunshan,WANG Wulin et al.A study on the measurement and numerical simulation of in-vehicle air pollutants.Automotive Engineering,2010,2(8):727-730.
    [11] KADIYALA A,KUMAR A.Development and application of a methodology to identify and rank the important factors affecting in-vehicle particulate matter.J Hazard Mater,2012,3:140-146.
    [12] LAU A K,YUAN Z,YU J Z,et al.Source apportionment of ambient volatile organic compounds in Hong Kong.Sci Total Environ,2010,8(19):4138-4149.
    [13] FABER J,BRODZIK K,GOLDA-KOPEK A,et al.Benzene,toluene and xylenes levels in new and used vehicles of the same model.J Environ Sci,2013,5(11):2324-2330.
    [14] RAHMAN M M,KIM K H.Exposure to hazardous volatile pollutants back diffusing from automobile exhaust systems.J Hazard Mater,2012,1:267-278.
    [15] KIM K,LEE B,KIM S,et al.Reduction of VOC emission from natural flours filled biodegradable bio-composites for automobile interior.J Hazard Mater,2011,7:37-43.
    [16] 于云江,王琼,张艳平,等.兰州市大气主要污染物环境与健康风险评价.环境科学研究,2012,5(7):751-756.YU Yunjiang,WANG Qiong,ZHANG Yanping,et al.Environment and health risk assessment of primary air pollutants in Lanzhou City.Research of Environmental Sciences,2012,5(7):751-756.
    [17] 李小飞,陈志彪,张永贺,等.福州市公交枢纽站地表灰尘重金属含量、来源及其健康风险评价.环境科学研究,2013,6(8):906-912.LI Xiaofei,CHEN Zhibiao,ZHANG Yonghe,et al.Concentrations,sources and health risk assessments of heavy metals in ground surface dust from urban bus terminals of Fuzhou City.Research of Environmental Sciences,2013,6(8):906-912.
    [18] 王钊,韩斌,倪天茹,等.天津市某社区老年人PM2.5暴露痕量元素健康风险评估.环境科学研究,2013,6(8):913-918.WANG Zhao,HAN Bin,NI Tianru,et al.Health risk assessments of trace elements of PM2.5 exposure for the elderly subpopulation in Tianjin,China.Research of Environmental Sciences,2013,6(8):913-918.
    [19] BEN H,ELIZABETH H.The impact and effectiveness of health impact assessment:a conceptual framework.Environmental Impact Assessment Review,2013,2:51-59.
    [20] ZHANG Kai,BATTERMAN S.Air pollution and health risks due to vehicle traffic.Sci Total Environ,2013,0:307-316.
    [21] NIE Jing,SHI Jing,DUAN Xiaoli,et al.Health risk assessment of dietary exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Taiyuan,China.J Environ Sci,2014,6(2):432-439.
    [22] RAUN L,PEPPLE K,HOYT D,et al.Unanticipated potential cancer risk near metal recycling facilities.Environmental Impact Assessment Review,2013,1:70-77.
    [23] 姚超英,童宏胜,郭牧遥.杭州市公共交通司机苯系物暴露与健康风险的评价.职业与健康,2009,5(3):239-241.YAO Chaoying,TONG Hongsheng,GUO Muyao.BTEX exposure and health risk assessment among bus drivers in Hangzhou City.Occupation and Health,2009,5(3):239-241.
    [24] 徐立恒,张明,徐茜.家用车内空气苯系物污染状况及健康风险分析.中国计量学院学报,2010,1(1):67-70.XU Liheng,ZHANG Ming,XU Qian.Concentrations and risk assessment of selected BTEX in private cars.Journal of China University of Metroiogy,2010,1(1):67-70.
    [25] 邹钱秀,张卫东,赵琦,等.不同类型新车内醛酮类化合物的污染研究.中国环境监测,2012,8(2):97-100.ZOU Qianxiu,ZHANG Weidong,ZHAO Qi.Study on the carbonyl compounds pollution in new cars of different types.Environmental Monitoring in China,2012,8(2):97-100.
    [26] 陈小开,张国强,戴金财.轿车内苯系物的质量浓度特征.汽车工程,2010,2(11):1006-1010.CHEN Xiaokai,ZHANG Guoqiang,DAI Jincai.Mass concentration characteristics of in-car benzene and its derivatives.Automotive Engineering,2010,2(11):1006-1010.
    [27] LEE C W,DAI Y T,CHIEH C H,et al.Characteristics and health impacts of volatile organic compounds in pohotocopy centers.Environmental Research,2006,0(2):139-149.
    [28] LERNER J E C,SANCHEZ E Y,SAMBETH J E,et al.Characterization and health risk assessment of VOCs in occupational environments in Buenos Aires,Argentina.Atmos Environ,2012,5:440-447.
    [29] 陈小开.车内挥发性有机物的分析评价及吸附光催化研究.长沙:湖南大学,2011:79-82.CHEN Xiaokai.Research on the pollution analysis,appraising and adsorption catalysis of volatile organic compounds in car.Changsha:Hunan University,2011:79-82.
    [30] ZHANG Yujie,MU Yujing,LIU Junfeng,et al.Levels,sources and health risks of carbonyls and BTEX in the ambient air of Beijing,China.J Environ Sci,2012,4(1):124-130.
    [31] LI Lei,LI Hong,ZHANG Xinmin,et al.Pollution characteristics and health risk assessment of benzene homologues in ambient air in the northeastern urban area of Beijing,China.J Environ Sci,2014,6(1):214-223.
    [32] US EPA.Integrated risk information system of United States Environmental Protection Agency[EB/OL].Washington DC:Environmental Protection Agency,2013[2013-04-27].http://www.epa.gov/iris.
    [33] SOFUOGLU S C,ASLAN G,INAL F,et al.An assessment of indoor air concentrations and health risks of volatile organic compounds in three primary schools.International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health,2011,4(1):36-46.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2602
  • HTML全文浏览量:  27
  • PDF下载量:  59
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-12-28
  • 修回日期:  2014-05-16
  • 刊出日期:  2014-11-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回