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重庆主城区春季大气PM10及PM2.5中多环芳烃来源解析

赵雪艳 任丽红 姬亚芹 杨 文 白志鹏 周志恩 翟崇治

赵雪艳, 任丽红, 姬亚芹, 杨 文, 白志鹏, 周志恩, 翟崇治. 重庆主城区春季大气PM10及PM2.5中多环芳烃来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(12): 1395-1402.
引用本文: 赵雪艳, 任丽红, 姬亚芹, 杨 文, 白志鹏, 周志恩, 翟崇治. 重庆主城区春季大气PM10及PM2.5中多环芳烃来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(12): 1395-1402.
ZHAO Xue-yan, REN Li-hong, JI Ya-qin, YANG Wen, BAI Zhi-peng, ZHOU Zhi-en, ZHAI Chong-zhi. Source Apportionment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in PM10 and PM2.5 in Spring in Chongqing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(12): 1395-1402.
Citation: ZHAO Xue-yan, REN Li-hong, JI Ya-qin, YANG Wen, BAI Zhi-peng, ZHOU Zhi-en, ZHAI Chong-zhi. Source Apportionment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in PM10 and PM2.5 in Spring in Chongqing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(12): 1395-1402.

重庆主城区春季大气PM10及PM2.5中多环芳烃来源解析

基金项目: 国家科技基础性工作专项(2013FY112700-02)

Source Apportionment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in PM10 and PM2.5 in Spring in Chongqing

  • 摘要: 于2012年春季采集了重庆主城区和缙云山共6个环境采样点的大气PM10、PM2.5样品,同步采集了燃煤尘、机动车尾气尘、施工机械尾气尘、船舶尾气尘、餐饮油烟尘、生物质燃烧尘及土壤尘等7类污染源,采集到有效受体样品139个、有效源样品233个,使用GC-MS分析样品中18种PAHs的质量浓度(ρ),分析了PM10、PM2.5上载带PAHs的污染特征,并分别运用比值法、主成分分析法及CMB(化学质量平衡)受体模型法对PM10、PM2.5中的PAHs进行来源解析,所得源解析结果较为一致. 结果表明:重庆主城区大气PM10、PM2.5中ρ(PAHs)较低,ρ(PAHs)分别为22.03~31.71、19.02~29.92 ng/m3,其中位于工业区新山村采样点的ρ(PAHs)最高. PM10载带的PAHs有86%~99%集中在PM2.5中,说明PAHs主要富集在PM2.5中. 重庆主城区大气PM10、PM2.5载带的PAHs主要来自机动车尾气尘和燃煤尘的贡献,这2类源对PM10的贡献率分别为25.89%、32.80%;而在PM2.5中,机动车尾气尘的贡献率较高,可达62%左右.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-04-24
  • 修回日期:  2014-09-16
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-25

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