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天津某老年社区夏冬季室内与个体暴露PM2.5对比

许 嘉 倪天茹 李彭辉 韩 斌 白志鹏

许 嘉, 倪天茹, 李彭辉, 韩 斌, 白志鹏. 天津某老年社区夏冬季室内与个体暴露PM2.5对比[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(12): 1403-1410.
引用本文: 许 嘉, 倪天茹, 李彭辉, 韩 斌, 白志鹏. 天津某老年社区夏冬季室内与个体暴露PM2.5对比[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(12): 1403-1410.
XU Jia, NI Tian-ru, LI Peng-hui, HAN Bin, BAI Zhi-peng. Comparison of Residential Indoor and Personal Exposure to PM2.5 during Summer and Winter in an Elderly Community in Tianjin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(12): 1403-1410.
Citation: XU Jia, NI Tian-ru, LI Peng-hui, HAN Bin, BAI Zhi-peng. Comparison of Residential Indoor and Personal Exposure to PM2.5 during Summer and Winter in an Elderly Community in Tianjin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(12): 1403-1410.

天津某老年社区夏冬季室内与个体暴露PM2.5对比

基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2011CB503801)

Comparison of Residential Indoor and Personal Exposure to PM2.5 during Summer and Winter in an Elderly Community in Tianjin

  • 摘要: 于2011年夏季(6月13日—7月2日)和冬季(11月30日—12月12日)在天津市某老年社区采集室内与老年人个体暴露PM2.5样品,分析二者的质量浓度及化学组分特征. 结果表明:夏、冬季室内ρ(PM2.5)分别为(138±103)和(173±136)μg/m3,二者差异显著(P<0.05);冬季室内ρ(PM2.5)、ρ(SO42-)和ρ(OC)显著高于夏季(P<0.05),初步推断是由于冬季燃煤取暖排放的大量颗粒物渗透进入室内所致;冬季室内源(如清扫和吸烟)对某些室内PM2.5组分(Al、Ca和Cd)的贡献较夏季显著. 对个体暴露与室内ρ(PM2.5)的相关性分析发现,二者在夏、冬季均显著相关(P<0.05). 在受试老年人时间活动模式基础上,采用COD(分歧系数)评估室内和个体暴露PM2.5化学组成的相似度,结果显示,室内与个体暴露PM2.5的COD在夏、冬季分别为0.34±0.10和0.37±0.12;冬季受试老年人在交通微环境所处时间较长,致使COD大于0.5的样本数所占比例较夏季高. 室内和老年人个体暴露PM2.5的ρ(OC)/ρ(EC)在夏、冬季均相近,说明二者的碳组分来源相似.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-02-18
  • 修回日期:  2014-09-16
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-25

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